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Climate Change and Maternal and Child health

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Information about Climate Change and Maternal and Child health
Health & Medicine

Published on February 26, 2014

Author: WendyRing1

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Presentation about how climate change impacts maternal and child health in the preconception and prenatal periods, infancy and childhood.
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CLIMATE CHANGE AND MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH

MULTIPLE POINTS OF IMPACT  Preconception  Prenatal  Infancy  Childhood

PRECONCEPTION BODY BURDEN Chemicals and Heavy Metals  Stored in Fat  Cross Placenta  Secreted in Breast Milk

DIOXINS and Wildfires Smoke from Idaho Fires 2013

DIOXINS and Heavy Rainfall Origins of dioxins in SF Bay

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Post Wildfire Runoff E. Stein, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Volume 31, Issue 11, pages 2625–2638, November 2012

PCBs Migrate from Warm to Cold by Volatilizing and Condensing

PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS (Dioxins, PCBs, PAH) BABY MOTHER Low birthweight Cancer Decreased IQ Endocrine Abnormalities Multiple chromosomal abnormalities Later cancer?

Mercury and Storm Runoff Rainfall and Mercury Runoff River Miles Under Fish Advisory 1993-2010

Differing Fish Consumption = Unequal Exposure

MERCURY BABY  Impairs Neurologic Development − Memory − Attention − Language − Fine Motor − Visual Spatial MOTHER  At high levels− Neurologic Symptoms

PRENATAL    Cross Placenta Affect Maternal Delivery of Nutrients or Oxygen Increase Maternal Vulnerability

Drought and Water Quality

Nitrates: Spontaneous Abortion Neural Tube Defects NE Nitrate Impaired Wells and Waterways

Iowa Women's Health Study Thyroid Cancer Related to Nitrates in Water

Arsenic Owens Valley, CA Dust Storm Low Birth Weight Neonatal Infections Abnormal Gene Expression Groundwater Arsenic Levels

Disinfection Byproducts in Drinking Water TRIHALOMETHANE DIBROMOCHLOROME THANE  Low Birth Weight  Congenital Anomalies

Marine Biotoxins in Shellfish

HARMFUL ALGAE BLOOMS DOMOIC ACID California 2012

PRE 1972 INCREASE IN HARMFUL ALGAE BLOOMS PRESENT

AFLATOXIN Carcinogenic Hepatotoxic Teratogenic Immunosuppressive   Concentrated by Placenta Transmitted in Breast Milk

AFLATOXIN in the US 200 8 2012

WILDFIRE SMOKE: Decreased Birth Weight

OZONE: IUGR, Low Birth Weight IUGR, Low Birth Weight

Coccidiodomycosis Valley Fever Dust Storm, Fresno, CA Endemic Area by Skin Test Incidence/100,000 1998-2011

INFANCY AND CHILDHOOD

NITRATES: Blue Baby Syndrome Methemoglobinemia

Mixtures of Cyanotoxins

AMOEBIC MENINGOENCEPHALITIS

Gastroenteritis and Rainfall Combined Sewer Overflow Pediatric ER GE Visits P. Drayna et al, Environ Health Perspect. 2010 October; 118(10): 1439–1443.

Ozone Causes and Worsens Asthma 3 Sports = Triple Risk for Asthma Inhaler Use Acute exposure increases bronchodilator use Ozone ppb Thurston GD Am J Respir Crit Care Med February 1, 1997 vol. 155 no. 2654-660 RMcConnell Lancet.304):386-91.

CHRONIC OZONE EXPOSURE AND PEDIATRIC ASTHMA ADMISSIONS

Pollen Higher Counts Longer Season Ziska, L. H. and F. A. Caulfield. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 2000. 27: 893− 898.

Mold exposure doubles asthma risk, increases ER visits & hospitalizations

US Childhood Asthma Rates Tripled 1960-2009 L Akinbami, 2009 National Center for Health Statistics

Atmospheric Lead

Seasonal Variation Child Blood Lead

Probability of Low Scores ACHIEVEMENT TESTS AND LEAD LEVELS Blood Lead

Aflatoxin Biomarkers NHANES 1999-2000 Schleicher, 2013

Aflatoxin Biomarkers and Risk Factors for Hepatocellular Carcinoma RISK FACTORS RATIO ODDS + Biomarker 7 Hepatitis B Ag alone + Biomarker + Hepatitis B Ag Fatty Liver Disease alone + Biomarker + Fatty Liver 7-28 60 3-16 ? 10% OF US KIDS & 40% OF OBESE US KIDS HAVE FATTY LIVER DISEASE

HEAT ILLNESS 9,000 US high school athletes/year 40 heat deaths in cars/year

Severe Heat Waves that were every 30 years will be EVERY YEAR by 2040. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36 (2010) 65–73 K Hayhoe

HEAT AND DROUGHT INCREASE INTERPERSONAL AND INTERGROUP VIOLENCE

+ 2-3 DEGREES BY 2030 + 4-6 DEGREES BY 2050

Carbon Dioxide Is (pretty much)Forever. YEARS TO REMOVE CO2 FROM ATMOSPHERE Hundreds Tens of Thousands Thousands

EMERGENCY 2030 40% OBESE 44% CV DISEASE 1 in 5 DIABETES 2050 1 in 2 OBESE AND CV DISEASE, 1 in 3 DIABETES

ME EITHER

SEDENTARY LIFESTYLE: ONE THIRD CAUSED BY HEART DISEASE, OBESITY, DIABETES; CANCERS: PROSTATE, COLON, UTERUS, RECURRENT BREAST PHYSICAL INACTIVITY

AIR POLLUTION: ASTHMA, CANCER, HEART DISEASE

UNHEALTHY DIET: HEART DISEASE, CANCER, DIABETES, OBESITY

LOW CARB(ON) DIET HOW MUCH? IN HALF BY 2030 HOW FAST? IN HALF AGAIN BY 2050

CAN WE? YES! OVER 1000 US CITIES SHOWED US HOW

A Healthy Prescription For Climate Action

CLEAN ELECTRICITY INVEST STOP EXPORTS REGULATE CARBON POLLUTION PUT A PRICE ON CARBON

IMPROVED ENERGY EFFICIENCY BUILDINGS FUEL ECONOMY CLEAN FUEL

20,000 Heart Attacks 23,000 Deaths PREVENTED each year SAVED: OVER 100 BILLION DOLLARS PER YEAR

GET CITY PEOPLE OUT OF THEIR CARS SMART GROWTH BIKEWAYS AND WALKWAYS BETTER PUBLIC TRANSIT

10,000 colon cancers 215,000 heart attacks 570,000 new diabetes cases PREVENTED each year ANNUAL SAVINGS SF AREA $1.4-22 BILLION/YEAR

HEALTHY FARMS & HEALTHY FOODS SUBSIDIZE FRUITS AND VEGETABLES SUBSIDIZE SOIL CARBON DECREASE FOOD WASTE TURN WASTE INTO ENERGY

300,000 Heart Attacks/Strokes 260,000 New Diabetes Cases 144,000 Cancer Deaths PREVENTED each year

THE LONGER WE WAIT, THE WORSE (AND MORE EXPENSIVE) IT WILL BE

A strong majority of US citizens across the country wants climate action

but a majority in our Congress doesn't even admit its happening

We can have a healthy high quality future if we act now.* *but we're almost out of time.

HEALTHY PEOPLE = HEALTHY PLANET www.climate911.org

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