Published on February 26, 2014
CLIMATE CHANGE AND MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH
MULTIPLE POINTS OF IMPACT Preconception Prenatal Infancy Childhood
PRECONCEPTION BODY BURDEN Chemicals and Heavy Metals Stored in Fat Cross Placenta Secreted in Breast Milk
DIOXINS and Wildfires Smoke from Idaho Fires 2013
DIOXINS and Heavy Rainfall Origins of dioxins in SF Bay
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Post Wildfire Runoff E. Stein, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Volume 31, Issue 11, pages 2625–2638, November 2012
PCBs Migrate from Warm to Cold by Volatilizing and Condensing
PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS (Dioxins, PCBs, PAH) BABY MOTHER Low birthweight Cancer Decreased IQ Endocrine Abnormalities Multiple chromosomal abnormalities Later cancer?
Mercury and Storm Runoff Rainfall and Mercury Runoff River Miles Under Fish Advisory 1993-2010
Differing Fish Consumption = Unequal Exposure
MERCURY BABY Impairs Neurologic Development − Memory − Attention − Language − Fine Motor − Visual Spatial MOTHER At high levels− Neurologic Symptoms
PRENATAL Cross Placenta Affect Maternal Delivery of Nutrients or Oxygen Increase Maternal Vulnerability
Drought and Water Quality
Nitrates: Spontaneous Abortion Neural Tube Defects NE Nitrate Impaired Wells and Waterways
Iowa Women's Health Study Thyroid Cancer Related to Nitrates in Water
Arsenic Owens Valley, CA Dust Storm Low Birth Weight Neonatal Infections Abnormal Gene Expression Groundwater Arsenic Levels
Disinfection Byproducts in Drinking Water TRIHALOMETHANE DIBROMOCHLOROME THANE Low Birth Weight Congenital Anomalies
Marine Biotoxins in Shellfish
HARMFUL ALGAE BLOOMS DOMOIC ACID California 2012
PRE 1972 INCREASE IN HARMFUL ALGAE BLOOMS PRESENT
AFLATOXIN Carcinogenic Hepatotoxic Teratogenic Immunosuppressive Concentrated by Placenta Transmitted in Breast Milk
AFLATOXIN in the US 200 8 2012
WILDFIRE SMOKE: Decreased Birth Weight
OZONE: IUGR, Low Birth Weight IUGR, Low Birth Weight
Coccidiodomycosis Valley Fever Dust Storm, Fresno, CA Endemic Area by Skin Test Incidence/100,000 1998-2011
INFANCY AND CHILDHOOD
NITRATES: Blue Baby Syndrome Methemoglobinemia
Mixtures of Cyanotoxins
Gastroenteritis and Rainfall Combined Sewer Overflow Pediatric ER GE Visits P. Drayna et al, Environ Health Perspect. 2010 October; 118(10): 1439–1443.
Ozone Causes and Worsens Asthma 3 Sports = Triple Risk for Asthma Inhaler Use Acute exposure increases bronchodilator use Ozone ppb Thurston GD Am J Respir Crit Care Med February 1, 1997 vol. 155 no. 2654-660 RMcConnell Lancet.304):386-91.
CHRONIC OZONE EXPOSURE AND PEDIATRIC ASTHMA ADMISSIONS
Pollen Higher Counts Longer Season Ziska, L. H. and F. A. Caulfield. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 2000. 27: 893− 898.
Mold exposure doubles asthma risk, increases ER visits & hospitalizations
US Childhood Asthma Rates Tripled 1960-2009 L Akinbami, 2009 National Center for Health Statistics
Seasonal Variation Child Blood Lead
Probability of Low Scores ACHIEVEMENT TESTS AND LEAD LEVELS Blood Lead
Aflatoxin Biomarkers NHANES 1999-2000 Schleicher, 2013
Aflatoxin Biomarkers and Risk Factors for Hepatocellular Carcinoma RISK FACTORS RATIO ODDS + Biomarker 7 Hepatitis B Ag alone + Biomarker + Hepatitis B Ag Fatty Liver Disease alone + Biomarker + Fatty Liver 7-28 60 3-16 ? 10% OF US KIDS & 40% OF OBESE US KIDS HAVE FATTY LIVER DISEASE
HEAT ILLNESS 9,000 US high school athletes/year 40 heat deaths in cars/year
Severe Heat Waves that were every 30 years will be EVERY YEAR by 2040. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36 (2010) 65–73 K Hayhoe
HEAT AND DROUGHT INCREASE INTERPERSONAL AND INTERGROUP VIOLENCE
+ 2-3 DEGREES BY 2030 + 4-6 DEGREES BY 2050
Carbon Dioxide Is (pretty much)Forever. YEARS TO REMOVE CO2 FROM ATMOSPHERE Hundreds Tens of Thousands Thousands
EMERGENCY 2030 40% OBESE 44% CV DISEASE 1 in 5 DIABETES 2050 1 in 2 OBESE AND CV DISEASE, 1 in 3 DIABETES
SEDENTARY LIFESTYLE: ONE THIRD CAUSED BY HEART DISEASE, OBESITY, DIABETES; CANCERS: PROSTATE, COLON, UTERUS, RECURRENT BREAST PHYSICAL INACTIVITY
AIR POLLUTION: ASTHMA, CANCER, HEART DISEASE
UNHEALTHY DIET: HEART DISEASE, CANCER, DIABETES, OBESITY
LOW CARB(ON) DIET HOW MUCH? IN HALF BY 2030 HOW FAST? IN HALF AGAIN BY 2050
CAN WE? YES! OVER 1000 US CITIES SHOWED US HOW
A Healthy Prescription For Climate Action
CLEAN ELECTRICITY INVEST STOP EXPORTS REGULATE CARBON POLLUTION PUT A PRICE ON CARBON
IMPROVED ENERGY EFFICIENCY BUILDINGS FUEL ECONOMY CLEAN FUEL
20,000 Heart Attacks 23,000 Deaths PREVENTED each year SAVED: OVER 100 BILLION DOLLARS PER YEAR
GET CITY PEOPLE OUT OF THEIR CARS SMART GROWTH BIKEWAYS AND WALKWAYS BETTER PUBLIC TRANSIT
10,000 colon cancers 215,000 heart attacks 570,000 new diabetes cases PREVENTED each year ANNUAL SAVINGS SF AREA $1.4-22 BILLION/YEAR
HEALTHY FARMS & HEALTHY FOODS SUBSIDIZE FRUITS AND VEGETABLES SUBSIDIZE SOIL CARBON DECREASE FOOD WASTE TURN WASTE INTO ENERGY
300,000 Heart Attacks/Strokes 260,000 New Diabetes Cases 144,000 Cancer Deaths PREVENTED each year
THE LONGER WE WAIT, THE WORSE (AND MORE EXPENSIVE) IT WILL BE
A strong majority of US citizens across the country wants climate action
but a majority in our Congress doesn't even admit its happening
We can have a healthy high quality future if we act now.* *but we're almost out of time.
HEALTHY PEOPLE = HEALTHY PLANET www.climate911.org
... climate change; reproductive health; ... the human health impact associated with a hot climate will ... will further increase maternal and child ...
Climate Change and the Health of Children ... and freedom from disease to the health of a child. ... Global Climate Change and Children's Health: ...
... and newborn child. ... number of ways in which climate change can influence human health: ... on maternal health outcomes will lead to ...
Global Climate Change and Children’s Health: Threats and Strategies for Prevention
... multiple and complex impacts of climate change on maternal and newborn health and highlight the ... the role of climate change on child health.
Climate change and nutrition: creating a climate for nutrition security. ... social protection, improved maternal and child care and health ...
Climate Change and Children ... Reduce child mortality 5. Improve maternal health 6. ... This publication gives children a voice on climate change. In 2006 ...
The impacts of climate change on nutrition ... of child survival and health, ... the Maternal and Child
The #MaternalMonday Campaign of the Wellbeing Africa has canvassed the need to examine the impact of climate change on maternal and child health.