Clauses Main And Subord

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Information about Clauses Main And Subord
Education

Published on July 19, 2009

Author: kerryhickman

Source: slideshare.net

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Grammar work

Clauses Sentence Level Work 1

Aims  What is a clause?  What is a subordinate clause?  How can we use them correctly? 2

Task 1  Jo was late for school.  She forgot to set the alarm. Join these sentences together to make one sentence. You may add in any words except ‘and’, ‘but’ or ‘so’ 3

Examples  Jo was late for school because she forgot to set her alarm.  Jo was late for school when she forgot to set her alarm.  Jo was late for school having forgotten to set her alarm. 4

What is a clause?  A clause is one part of a sentence. In the sentence we’ve looked at there are two clauses.  Jo was late for school 5

What is a clause?  A clause is one part of a sentence. In the sentence we’ve looked at there are two clauses.  Jo was late for school (Clause 1) 6

What is a clause?  A clause is one part of a sentence. In the sentence we’ve looked at there are two clauses.  Jo was late for school (Clause 1) because she forgot to set her alarm. 7

What is a clause?  A clause is one part of a sentence. In the sentence we’ve looked at there are two clauses.  Jo was late for school (Clause 1) because she forgot to set her alarm. (Clause 2) 8

What are the clauses called? The clause which makes sense on its own- Jo was late for school- is called a MAIN CLAUSE. 9

What are the clauses called? The clause which doesn’t make sense on its own- because she forgot to set her alarm- is called a SUBORDINATE CLAUSE. 10

Task 2  Try to re-write the sentence.  This time, start with the information about the alarm first and end with the information that Jo was late. 11

Examples  Jo was late for school because she forgot to set her alarm.  Jo was late for school when she forgot to set her alarm.  Jo was late for school having forgotten to set her alarm. 12

Examples  Because she forgot to set her alarm, Jo was late for school.  When she forgot to set her alarm, Jo was late for school.  Having forgotten to set her alarm, Jo was late for school. 13

Examples  Because she forgot to set her alarm, Jo was late for school.  When she forgot to set her alarm, Jo was late for school.  Having forgotten to set her alarm, Jo was late for school. What do you notice about the difference in punctuation here? 14

Rule  When beginning a sentence with a subordinate clause, it must be separated from the main clause by a comma.  Because she forgot to set her alarm, Jo was late for school. 15

Task 3  Rewrite the sentence again. This time:  Start with the word Jo  Then add the information about the alarm  Then finish with the information about her being late 16

Examples  Jo was late for school because she forgot to set her alarm.  Jo was late for school when she forgot to set her alarm.  Jo was late for school having forgotten to set her alarm. 17

Examples  Jo, because she forgot to set her alarm, was late for school.  Jo, when she forgot to set her alarm, was late for school.  Jo, having forgotten to set her alarm, was late for school. 18

Examples  Jo, because she forgot to set her alarm, was late for school.  Jo, when she forgot to set her alarm, was late for school.  Jo, having forgotten to set her alarm, was late for school. 19

Examples  Jo, because she forgot to set her alarm, was late for school.  Jo, when she forgot to set her alarm, was late for school.  Jo, having forgotten to set her alarm, was late for school. 20

Examples  Jo, because she forgot to set her alarm, was late for school.  Jo, when she forgot to set her alarm, was late for school.  Jo, having forgotten to set her alarm, was late for school. 21

Rule  When using a subordinate clause to split up a main clause, it must be separated on both sides by commas.  Jo, because she forgot to set her alarm, was late for school. 22

Task 4  The teacher looked up crossly.  John walked in late. How many varieties of sentence can you create using these two clauses? 23

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