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CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING ORGANISMS GR 7 PART 3 CAPS DEC 2013

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Information about CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING ORGANISMS GR 7 PART 3 CAPS DEC 2013
Education

Published on February 21, 2014

Author: LDFREDERICKS

Source: authorstream.com

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PowerPoint Presentation: Sooper Sciences Series The Classification of Living Organisms PART 3 BOOK 13 LIFE AND LIVING - GRADE 7 (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 1 PowerPoint Presentation: SOOPER SCIENCES SERIES authored by L. D. Fredericks published by HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS, JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA . This supplementary material may only be downloaded by schools and educators who have purchased the entire series of 16 books. Purchases may be made at www.basicallybooks.co.za Further information may be acquired at info@halfordhouse.co.za © All rights reserved. (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 2 KINGDOM ANIMALIA DIVIDED INTO TWO GROUPS:: KINGDOM ANIMALIA DIVIDED INTO TWO GROUPS: INVERTEBRATES VERTEBRATES (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 3 INVERTEBRATES - TYPES OF SKELETONS: INVERTEBRATES - TYPES OF SKELETONS Do not have backbones and an endoskeleton. Invertebrates may have one of the following skeletons: Skeleton on the outside that protects the internal organs. The body is supported by the fluids inside the body. (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 4 VERTEBRATES – HAVE AN ENDOSKELETON MADE OF BONE AND CARTILAGE: The backbone surrounds and protects the spinal cord. The spinal cord consists of millions of nerves that connect the brain to the different parts of the animal’s body. VERTEBRATES – HAVE AN ENDOSKELETON MADE OF BONE AND CARTILAGE (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 5 PowerPoint Presentation: ARTHROPODA Gastropoda Insecta MOLLUSCA Crustacea Arachnida Diplopoda Cephalopoda © IMAGE HALFORD HOUSE PUB (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 6 PowerPoint Presentation: PHYLUM ARTHROPODA CLASS INSECTA CLASS CRUSTACEA CLASS ARACHNIDA CLASS DIPLOPODA Body is divided into segments Legs are jointed Body is covered with external skeleton made of chitin (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 7 PowerPoint Presentation: Class Insecta Body divided into three segments Have three pairs of legs ANT MONARCH BUTTERFLY HEAD THORAX ABDOMEN (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 8 PowerPoint Presentation: LATERAL VIEW OF THE LOCUST HEAD 2. THORAX 3. ABDOMEN 4. ANTENNAE 5. EYES 6. MOUTH PARTS 7. SIX JOINTED LEGS 8. SPIRACLES © IMAGE HALFORD HOUSE PUB (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 9 PowerPoint Presentation: Class Crustacea Body divided into two parts Have five pairs of legs CRAB CRAYFISH CEPHALOTHORAX ABDOMEN (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 10 PowerPoint Presentation: DORSAL VIEW OF THE CRAB 1. CEPHALOTHORAX 2. ABDOMEN 3. PINCERS 4. COMPOUND EYES 5. MOUTH PARTS 6. SIMPLE EYES 7. CARAPACE 8. CLAWS 9. TEN JOINTED LEGS © IMAGE HALFORD HOUSE PUB (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 11 PowerPoint Presentation: Class Arachnida Two body divisions Four pairs of legs SCORPION BLACK WIDOW SPIDER CEPHALOTHORAX ABDOMEN BABOON SPIDER (TARANTULA) (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 12 PowerPoint Presentation: DORSAL VIEW OF THE BABOON SPIDER 1. CEPHALOTHORAX 2. ABDOMEN 3. PEDIPALPS 4. CHELICERAE 5. SIMPLE EYES 6. SENSORY HAIRS 7. EIGHT JOINTED LEGS 8. SPINNERETS © IMAGE HALFORD HOUSE PUB (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 13 PowerPoint Presentation: CLASS DIPLOPODA Have two pairs of legs per segment Three body divisions MILLIPEDE LATERAL VIEW OF THE MILLIPEDE 1. HEAD 2. THORAX 3. ABDOMEN 4. ANTENNAE 5. COMPOUND EYES 6. MOUTH PARTS 7. ONE PAIR OF LEGS PER SEGMENT 8. TWO PAIRS OF LEGS PER SEGMENT 9. SPIRACLES © IMAGE HALFORD HOUSE PUB (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 14 PowerPoint Presentation: PHYLUM MOLLUSCA Class Gastropoda Class Cephalopoda Class Bivalva Need lots of water in habitat. Have a mantle under the skin. GARDEN SNAIL OCTOPUS CLAM (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 15 PowerPoint Presentation: EXTERNAL VIEW OF THE SNAIL MUSCULAR FOOT 2. HEAD 3. SHELL 4. LUNG OPENING 5. GENITAL OPENING 6. OCELLI SIMPLE EYES 7. MANTLE UNDER THE SHELL 8. TENTACLE 9. MOUTH OPENING © IMAGE HALFORD HOUSE PUB (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 16 WHAT ARE VERTEBRATES?: WHAT ARE VERTEBRATES? BIRD HUMAN LIZARD DOG FROG FISH NAME THE ANIMALS TO WHICH THESE SKELETONS BELONG Most of the members of Phylum Chordata are called VERTEBRATES . Vertebrates are characterised by their BACK BONES. Vertebrates also have ENDOSKELETONS that are made of cartilage or bone. Human backbone PHYLUM CHORDATA (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 17 PowerPoint Presentation: The back bone protects the SPINAL CORD which is the nerves that connect the brain to the rest of the body. (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 18 PowerPoint Presentation: Cold Blooded Reptilia Chondrichthyes Osteichthyes Amphibia Warm Blooded Mammalia Aves © IMAGE HALFORD HOUSE PUB (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 19 PowerPoint Presentation: Class Chondrichthyes Fish that have skeletons made of cartilage Live in water Body covering of moist scales Keep eggs inside body until hatching SHARK Class Osteichthyes Fish that have skeletons made of bone Live in water Body covering of moist scales Lay eggs in water TROUT (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 20 PowerPoint Presentation: THE EXTERNAL STRUCTURE OF THE GOLDFISH HEAD 2. TRUNK 3. TAIL 4. MOUTH 5. NOSTRIL 6. EYE 7. GILL COVERING 8. PECTORAL FIN 9. PELVIC FIN 10. DORSAL FIN 11. ANAL FIN 12. LATERAL LINE 13. CAUDAL FIN © IMAGE HALFORD HOUSE PUB (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 21 PowerPoint Presentation: Class Amphibia Live in water and on land Body covering of moist skin Lay eggs in water FROGS AND TOADS SALAMANDER NEWT (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 22 PowerPoint Presentation: THE EXTERNAL STRUCTURE OF THE ADULT FROG TRUNK 2. HEAD 3. EYE 4. NOSTRIL 5. EAR DRUM 6. MOUTH 7. CAMOUFLAGED SKIN 8. MOIST SKIN 9. FORE LIMBS 10. HIND LIMBS © IMAGE HALFORD HOUSE PUB (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 23 PowerPoint Presentation: Class Reptiles Land animals Body covering of dry scales Lay eggs on land LIZARDS AND SNAKES CROCODILES & ALLIGATORS TUATARA TURTLES & TORTOISES THERE ARE FOUR GROUPS OF REPTILES; (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 24 PowerPoint Presentation: THE EXTERNAL STRUCTURE OF THE LIZARD HEAD 2. NECK 3. TRUNK 4. TAIL 5. MOUTH 6. EYE 7EARDRUM 8. SCALES 9. SHIELDS 10. FEET WITH CLAWS © IMAGE HALFORD HOUSE PUB (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 25 PowerPoint Presentation: Class Aves Able to fly Body covering of scales, skin and feathers Lay eggs on land PIGEON COCKATIEL MACAW HUMMINGBIRD HEN PENGUIN (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 26 PowerPoint Presentation: THE EXTERNAL STRUCTURE OF THE PIGEON HEAD 2. NECK 3. TRUNK 4. TAIL 5. EYE 6. NOSTRIL 7. BEAK 8. CONTOUR FEATHERS 9. WING 10. QUILL FEATHERS 11. LEG 12. QUILL FEATHERS 13. SCALES ON FEET © IMAGE HALFORD HOUSE PUB (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 27 PowerPoint Presentation: Class Mammalia Live on land or in water Give live birth to young Suckle young with milk from mammary glands Body covering of hair and skin RABBIT WHALE LION HORSE COW SEAL (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 28 PowerPoint Presentation: THE EXTERNAL STRUCTURE OF THE MOUSE HEAD 2. NECK 3. TRUNK 4. TAIL 5. NOSTRIL 6. EYE 7. WHISKERS 8. EAR 9. HAIR AND SKIN 10. FEET WITH CLAWS © IMAGE HALFORD HOUSE PUB (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 29 PowerPoint Presentation: SOURCES Fredericks, L.D. , Sooper Sciences Series Book 13 Grade 7 Life and Living . Halford House, 2013 IMAGES All images are believed to be in the Public Domain unless otherwise stated. www.wikimepia.com www.publicdomainfiles.com Some images belong to the author © All rights reserved 2013 (C) HALFORD HOUSE PUBLISHERS - L.D.FREDERICKS (2013) 30

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