Classical conditioning IVAN PAVLOV

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Information about Classical conditioning IVAN PAVLOV

Published on February 19, 2014

Author: joleer42



Classical Conditioning by Ivan Pavlov and its contribution and effects to human behaviors.

made by:
julie ann alegre


Key Individuals Associated with this Theory:  IVAN PAVLOV –created the classical conditioning theory.  B.F Skinner – created the operant conditioning theory.  Albert Bandura - Created the social cognitive theory.  John B. Watson – worked with the classical conditioning theory.

Is a learning theory based on the idea, that behavior can be controlled or modified based on the antecedents and consequences of a behavior .

ANTECEDENTS An antecedent is an event that occurs before a behavior and can affect the likelihood of the behavior occurring. •EXAMPLE: •Julius was playing with his blocks in his room. Dad told Julius it was time to clean up the blocks for dinner. He threw his blocks across the room, screamed loudly, and threw himself on the floor. Dad walked out of the room.

A behavior will only occur if given the right environment or antecedent. The behavior is more or less likely to re occur based on the reinforcements or consequences that fallow, such as rewards and punishments.

 Is a type of learning that had a major influence on the school of thought in psychology known as behaviorism. Discovered by Russian physiologist , classical conditioning is a learning process that occurs through associations between an environmental stimulus and a naturally occurring stimulus.

The Unconditioned Stimulus is one that unconditionally, naturally, and automatically triggers a response. The Unconditioned Response is the unlearned response that occurs naturally in response to the unconditioned stimulus.

The Conditioned Stimulus is previously neutral stimulus that, after becoming associated with the unconditioned stimulus, eventually comes to trigger a conditioned response. The Conditioned Response is the learned response to the previously neutral stimulus.

One of the most famous examples of classical conditioning was John B. Watson's experiment in which a fear response was conditioned in a young boy known as “Little Albert”. The child initially showed no fear of a white rat, but after the presentation of the rat was paired repeatedly with loud, scary sounds, the child would cry when the rat was present. The child's fear also generalized to other fuzzy white objects.

     The Little Albert experiment presents and example of how classical conditioning can be used to condition an emotional response. Neutral Stimulus: The white rat Unconditioned Stimulus: The loud noise Unconditioned Response: Fear Conditioned Stimulus: The white rat Conditioned Response: Fear

TRIVIA: Who is little Albert? oName: Douglas Merritte Died: age of six on May 10, 1925 Cause of Death: hydrocephalus, a build-up of fluid in his brain.

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