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Published on January 9, 2008

Author: Sebastiana

Source: authorstream.com

Industrial Safety ET 335:  Industrial Safety ET 335 Chapter 1 Safety and Health Movement, Then and Now Introduction:  Introduction National Safety Council (NSC) Begins 1913 Development of the Safety Movement Many industrial accidents in the 1900’s In 1907 alone 3,200 were killed in mining accidents. As a result, working conditions for industrial employees has improved significantly. Prior to Industrial Revolution:  Prior to Industrial Revolution The Code of Hammerabi Mesopotamian Ruler allowed for a form of workers compensation. (eye for an eye) The Egyptians Continued this type of code. Romans and public health Aqueducts, Sewer Systems, Public Baths, Latrines, and Ventilated Houses Early Industrial Diseases:  Early Industrial Diseases 1567 Philippus Aureolis Wrote: On the Miners’ Sickness and Other Miners’ Diseases Discussed Pulmonary Diseases of Miners 18th Century: Bernardo Ramazzini Wrote: Discourse on the Disease of Workers Linked sicknesses with occupations The Industrial Revolution:  The Industrial Revolution Introduction of Machinery or inanimate power Substitution of Machines for People New methods of converting Raw Materials Division of Labor All made the work environment significantly more dangerous Milestones in the Safety Movement:  Milestones in the Safety Movement England 1802: the Health and Morals of Apprentices Act Improved conditions for factory workers 1867 Massachusetts Factory Inspections 1868 First Barrier Safeguard Patented 1869 Pennsylvania Mines are required to have two exits 1869 Bureau of Labor Statistics Milestones in the Safety Movement:  Milestones in the Safety Movement 1877 Mass. Requires all hazardous machinery to have safeguards Employer Liability in workplace accidents 1892 first recorded safety program is established 1900 Frederick Taylor notices a link between productivity and accidents Milestones in the Safety Movement:  Milestones in the Safety Movement 1907 Bureau of Mines is established 1908 Worker’s Compensation 1911 first Worker’s Compensation Law 1912 Cooperative Safety Congress This led to the National Council of Industrial Safety Awareness Grows:  Awareness Grows Federal Government encourages contractors to implement and maintain a safe work environment Two critical conclusions are derived. There is a link between quality & safety Off the job accidents negatively effect productivity The 1960’s:  The 1960’s Service Contract Act of 1965 Federal Metal and Non-metallic Mine Safety Act Federal Coal Mine and Safety Act Contract Workers and Safety Standards Act OSHAct:  OSHAct More was needed so . . . The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHAct) was passed in 1970 And the Federal Mine Safety Act of 1977 Organized Labor:  Organized Labor Fellow Servant Rule Contributory Negligence Assumption of Risk All Were Employer Biased Laws Accident Prevention Programs:  Accident Prevention Programs Improved engineering could prevent accidents Employees were willing to learn and accept safety rules Safety rules could be established and enforced Savings from safety improvement Three E’s of Safety:  Three E’s of Safety Enforcement Education Engineering Professional Associations:  Professional Associations Found on page 11 in text Become familiar with them Integrated Approach:  Integrated Approach Industrial Hygiene Chemist and/or Engineer Radiation Control Specialist Industrial Safety Engineer or Manager Industrial Safety IT 335:  Industrial Safety IT 335 Chapter 2 Accidents and Their Effects Costs of Accidents:  Costs of Accidents Lost Wages Medical Expenses Insurance Administration Fire-related Losses Property Damage Indirect costs Accidents Costs:  Accidents Costs Motor Vehicle Accidents $722 billion Workplace Accidents $48.5 billion Home Accidents $18.2 billion Public Accidents $12.5 billion Wages Lost $37.7 billion Medical Expenses $23.7 billion Insurance Administration $28.4 billion Property Damage $26.8 billion Fire losses $ 9.4 billion Indirect Losses for Work Accidents $22.5 billion Accidental Deaths:  Accidental Deaths Motor Vehicle Accidents Falls Poisoning Drowning Fire-related injuries Suffocation Firearms Others Accidents vs. other Causes of Death:  Accidents vs. other Causes of Death Overall, there are more deaths from: heart disease, cancer and strokes. However for those 37 and younger, accidents are the leading cause of death. Accident Causes for Ages 25 to 44 Accidents 27,484 Cancer 20,305 Heart Disease 15,874 Accident Costs:  Accident Costs Fines Safety Corrections Medical Treatment Survivor Benefits Death/Burial Indirect Costs Accident Rates:  Accident Rates Definition: A fixed ratio between the number of employees in the workforce, and the amount that are killed or injured each year Lost Time:  Lost Time Definition: The amount of time that an employee was unable to work due to an injury Work Injuries by Type:  Work Injuries by Type Overexertion Impact Accidents Falls Bodily Reaction Compression Motor Vehicle Exposure to Radiation/Caustics Rubbing or Abrasions Exposure to Extreme Temperatures. Industry Death Rates:  Industry Death Rates 1. Mining or Quarrying 2. Agriculture 3. Construction 4. Transportation & Public Utilities 5. Government 6. Manufacturing 7. Services 8. Trade Parts Injured:  Parts Injured 1. Back 2. Legs & Fingers 3. Arms & Multiple Parts of the Body 4. Trunk 5. Hands 6. Eyes, Head, & Feet 7. Neck, Toes, and Body System Other Injuries:  Other Injuries Chemical Burns Acids & Alkalies, Soaps, Detergents & Cleaning Compounds, and etc. Heat Burns Flame, Molten Metals, Petroleum Asphalts, Steam and Water Repetitive Strain and Soft Tissue Carpal Tunnel, Tendinitis, etc. Estimating Accident Costs:  Estimating Accident Costs Cost Estimation method (Simonds) Divide Costs into: Insured Costs Uninsured Costs Uninsured Accident Classes::  Uninsured Accident Classes: Class 1 Lost Workdays with permanent Partial Disabilities, and Temporary total disabilities. Class 2 Treatment By a Physician. Class 3 Local First aid. Class 4 Minor Injuries. Estimating Accident Costs:  Estimating Accident Costs Determine the average uninsured costs then divide by the number of accidents Average uninsured costs Number of accidents = average cost per accident For Next Week::  For Next Week: Try to post to the discussion group

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