class i amalgam cavity design

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Information about class i amalgam cavity design

Published on September 6, 2016

Author: GrSks1

Source: slideshare.net

1. CLASS I AMALGAM Design Principles

2. Dental Amalgam macro mechanical (opposing walls, grooves, mortise-form) right angle butt joints, adequate bulk, smooth & flat walls right angle butt joints, remove all unsupported enamel break contact with adjacent teeth micro mechanical (bonding) bevel enamel, feather edge acceptable lesion dictates form, preserve unsupported enamel contact with adjacent tooth acceptable Composite Resin Retentive Form Resistance Form, Restorative Material Resistance Form, Tooth Proximal Clearance

3. CLASS I

4. CLASS I

5. Appearance of Class I caries lesion on bitewing radiograph

6. Accepted Terminology preparing a cavity cavity preparation prepared cavity Jargon prep prepping Lay Terms drilling hole

7. Accepted Terminology extend extension incorporate Jargon widen deepen chase Lay Terms widen deepen drill out

8. DISTAL CUSP DISTOBUCCAL CUSP MESIOBUCCAL CUSP MESIOLINGUAL CUSP DISTOLINGUAL CUSP

9. DISTAL WALL LINGUAL WALL BUCCAL WALL MESIAL WALL

10. PULPAL FLOOR

11. OUTLINE FORM FEATURE • smooth flowing, gentle curves RATIONALE • angular contours can chip during condensation • angular contours can concentrate stresses & lead to restoration fracture • easier to find when carving back fresh amalgam

12. Angular Irregularities INVAGINATION • susceptible to fracture during condensation EVAGINATION • difficult to condense into

13. EXTENSION a balance between conservation of tooth structure and the need for access and to remove defective tooth structure

14. EXTENSION PRINCIPLE • encompasses carious tissue • eliminates unsupported enamel • encompasses contiguous fissures • encompasses contiguous restorations RATIONALE • eliminates infected tissue • eliminates weakened tooth structure • reduces risk of secondary caries • maximizes restoration lifespan

15. BUCCO-LINGUAL EXTENSION PRINCIPLE • extends far enough up B & L grooves to terminate on gentle contours RATIONALE • margin in sharp anatomy difficult to finish & keep clean MB DB L

16. BUCCO-LINGUAL EXTENSION PRINCIPLE • extend minimally in area of triangular ridges (optimally: isthmus width is <1/3 intercuspal distance) RATIONALE • provides convenience form while preserving cusp strength

17. MESIO-DISTAL EXTENSION PRINCIPLE • stop short of marginal ridge crests RATIONALE • preserve strength of marginal ridge (resistance form)

18. MESIO-DISTAL EXTENSION PRINCIPLE • groove extensions kept narrow RATIONALE • preserve strength of cusps (resistance form)

19. OCCLUSAL DEPTH PRINCIPLE • 0.5mm into dentin • about 2 mm measured at triangular ridge RATIONALE • sufficient bulk of amalgam to prevent fracture • maximum thickness of dentin protecting pulp

20. PULPAL FLOOR PRINCIPLE • smooth & flat • parallel to occlusal table RATIONALE • uniform bulk of amalgam to prevent fracture • best resistance to occlusal stresses & forces of condensation

21. BUCCAL & LINGUAL WALLS PRINCIPLE • smooth • curved mesio-distally • straight pulpo-occlusally RATIONALE • optimize adaptation of amalgam to walls • elimination of weak tooth structure

22. BUCCAL & LINGUAL WALLS PRINCIPLE • convergent 6° pulpo- occlusally under triangular ridges • divergent 6° pulpo- occlusally in groove extensions RATIONALE • helps lock restoration in tooth (retention) • keep amalgam from being too thin at margins (resistance form) • preserves strength of cuspal ridge (resistance form) A A’ A-A’ B-B’B B’

23. MESIAL & DISTAL WALLS PRINCIPLE • smooth • straight & divergent 6° pulpo-occlusally RATIONALE • optimize adaptation of amalgam to walls • elimination of weak tooth structure • preserves strength of marginal ridge (resistance form) C-C’ C C’

24. CAVITY REFINEMENT PRINCIPLE • internal line angles well- defined but not sharp RATIONALE • maximizes amalgam resistance to dislodgement • reduces stress concentration & risk of subsequent tooth fracture

25. CAVITY REFINEMENT PRINCIPLE • cavosurface margins regular, well-defined, well-supported RATIONALE • easier to visualize & carve following condensation • optimize adaptation of amalgam to margins • eliminates weak tooth structure • maximizes marginal integrity

26. enamel cavosurface margin unsupported, rough poorly defined CAVOSURFACE MARGINS tooth surface

27. amalgam enamel cavosurface margin unsupported, rough poorly defined CAVOSURFACE MARGINS tooth surface

28. amalgam enamel cavosurface margin unsupported, rough poorly defined CAVOSURFACE MARGINS tooth surface

29. CLEANLINESS PRINCIPLE • cavity is free of debris & moisture RATIONALE • facilitates adaptation of amalgam to the cavity • improves physical properties of the restoration by elimination of voids & foreign material

30. CLASS I AMALGAM Preparation Technique

31. Plaster tooth #30 2X normal size

32. #245 rounded straight fissure bur 3.5mm head length

33. 1mm 3mm 4mm

34. initial penetration in central pit perpendicular to occlusal table

35. penetrate 3mm (length of cutting head) will translate into 4mm at B & L walls

36. extend down central groove toward M & D fossae

37. keep bur perpendicular to occlusal table & spatially at the same level to create a flat pulpal floor

38. stop short of M & D pencil lines leave room for refinement

39. extend into B & L grooves stop short of pencil lines

40. tip bur slightly to create divergent M & D walls

41. 0° 45°

42. 0° 45° 22°

43. 0° 45° 22° 11°

44. 0° 45° 22° 11°6°

45. tip bur slightly to create divergent MB, DB, & L groove terminuses

46. shape B & L walls into smooth flowing curves perpendicular to the pulpal floor extended to the pencil line

47. be careful not to widen the B & L groove extensions

48. round off sharp corner at D triangular ridge without encroaching on cusp

49. measure occlusal depth with perio probe at triangular ridge

50. create 6° convergence at base of triangular ridges

51. smooth pulpal floor with primary cutting edge smooth vertical walls and sharpen cavosurface margin with secondary cutting edge large straight hatchet

52. self-evaluate in pencil before seeking instructor evaluation CLASS I AMALGAM PREPARATION EVALUATION DEVIATION STUDENTS: Please evaluate your work prior to asking faculty to do so. Mark your assessment in pencil. This step is important in order for your instructor to help you develop appropriate self-assessment skills. NONE SLIGHT SIGNIFICANT SEVERE PREPARATION FEATURES/PRINCI P L E S E R R O R S LOCATION 2 1 0 -1 I. OUTLINE FORM A. smooth, regular, flowing curves rough irregular II. EXTENSION A. includes contiguous pits & fissures does not include B. bucco-lingual extensions 1. extends into B & L grooves underextended overextended 2 . e x t e n ds minimally at triangular ridges overextended at triangular ridge C . m e sio-distal extensi o n 1. short of marginal / oblique ridge overextended 2. minimal width of B and L grooves underextended overextended III. OCCLUSAL DEPTH/PULPAL FLOOR A. depth = 1.5 - 2.5mm at triangular ridges <1.5 but 1.0 <1.0 >2.5 but 3.0 >3.0 but 3.5 >3.5 B. smooth and flat rough or uneven C. parallel to occlusal table slants IV. OCCLUSAL WALLS A. smooth rough B. straight pulpo-occlusally not straight pulpo-occlusally C. converge at triangular ridges over-convergent not convergent divergent D. diverge at groove extensions over-divergent not divergent convergent C diverge at mesial & distal walls over-divergent not divergent convergent V. CAVITY REFINEMENT A. line angles well-defined line angles indistinct B. cavosurface smooth, crisp, supported rough nicked indistinct unsupported ename l VI. TISSUE PRESERVATION, RUBBER DAM ISOLATION, CLEANLINESS A. preparation is clean preparation is contaminated B. rubber dam is intact rubber dam is torn C. uninvolved tooth structure intact d a m a ge is: slight moderate severe D. soft tissue is intact soft tissue dama g e Name D a t e Tooth 30 Surfaces O Practical ID# (for practical exam only) PLASTER TOOTH INSTRUCTOR SIGNATURE TOTAL (possible 1 2 )

53. Rubber Dam isolation full LR quadrant

54. Use W8A retainer ligated

55. planned: 30-O Class I cavity preparation for amalgam

56. imagine there is a Class I caries lesion

57. #245 has 3.5mm head length occlusal depth 2.0mm (±0.5) measured at base of triangular ridge 30-O

58. #245 has 3.5mm head length extend into M & D fossae, stay shy of marginal ridges extend into MB, DB & L grooves, stay shy of cusp ridges

59. #245 has 3.5mm head length 1. round irregularities in perimeter walls, 2. add slight divergence at marginal ridges and ends of groove extensions, 3. add slight convergence at base of triangular ridges, 4. smooth pulpal floor & refine internal line angles

60. #245 has 3.5mm head length self-evaluate before seeking instructor evaluation

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