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Church History - Apostolic Period

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Information about Church History - Apostolic Period
Education

Published on February 17, 2009

Author: mikecriswell

Source: authorstream.com

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Church History : Church History Part 1 The Apostolic Period Points to Ponder : What is the “Apostolic Period?” Major events of the Apostolic Period. Leadership during the Apostolic Period. Major doctrines of the Apostolic Period. Apostolic warnings in the New Testament. Points to Ponder What is the Apostolic Era? : The Period beginning with Christ and his apostles including his ministry and the subsequent establishment of the Church. What is the Apostolic Era? Church Established Death of Apostle John Jesus’ Ministry Calling of the 12 Spread of Gospel A.D. 30 A.D. 96 Major Events of the Apostolic Period : The Calling of the 12 Apostles Major Events of the Apostolic Period Mt 10:2 Now the names of the twelve apostles are these: first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother; 3 Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus; 4 Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed Him. Major Events of the Apostolic Period : The Death, Burial, and Resurrection Major Events of the Apostolic Period 1Co 15:3 For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4 and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures, Major Events of the Apostolic Period : Pentecost Major Events of the Apostolic Period Ac 2:1 When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. 2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3 Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. Major Events of the Apostolic Period : Conversion of Saul of Tarsus Major Events of the Apostolic Period Ac 9:3 As he journeyed he came near Damascus, and suddenly a light shone around him from heaven. 4 Then he fell to the ground, and heard a voice saying to him, "Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me?" 5 And he said, "Who are You, Lord?" Then the Lord said, "I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting. It is hard for you to kick against the goads." Major Events of the Apostolic Period : Conversion of Cornelius – 1st Gentile Convert Major Events of the Apostolic Period Ac 10:34 Then Peter opened his mouth and said: "In truth I perceive that God shows no partiality. 35 "But in every nation whoever fears Him and works righteousness is accepted by Him. Major Events of the Apostolic Period : Three Missionary Journeys of Paul Major Events of the Apostolic Period Ac 13:1 Now in the church that was at Antioch there were certain prophets and teachers. . . As they ministered to the Lord and fasted, the Holy Spirit said, "Now separate to Me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.” 3 Then, having fasted and prayed, and laid hands on them, they sent them away. c. 48 A.D. – 63 A.D. Major Events of the Apostolic Period : The Jerusalem Counsel (Must Gentiles Keep the Law) Major Events of the Apostolic Period Ac 15:19 "Therefore I judge that we should not trouble those from among the Gentiles who are turning to God, 20 "but that we write to them to abstain from things polluted by idols, from sexual immorality, from things strangled, and from blood. Major Events of the Apostolic Period : The Distribution of Spiritual Gifts Major Events of the Apostolic Period 1Co 12:1 Now concerning spiritual gifts, brethren, I do not want you to be ignorant: . . . 4 There are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit. 5 There are differences of ministries, but the same Lord. 6 And there are diversities of activities, but it is the same God who works all in all. 7 But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to each one for the profit of all: Confirm the Word Edify the Body Bring to Maturity Major Events of the Apostolic Period : The Completion of the New Testament Canon Major Events of the Apostolic Period 1Co 13:8 Love never fails. But whether there are prophecies, they will fail; whether there are tongues, they will cease; whether there is knowledge, it will vanish away. 9 For we know in part and we prophesy in part. 10 But when that which is complete has come, then that which is in part will be done away. Leadership during the Apostolic Period : Jesus was the final authority: Leadership during the Apostolic Period Mt 28:18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. 19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: 20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen. Leadership during the Apostolic Period : Jesus delegated authority to his apostles Leadership during the Apostolic Period John 16:13 "However, when He, the Spirit of truth, has come, He will guide you into all truth; Acts 1:8 But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth. Leadership during the Apostolic Period : Inspired Apostles guided the early church Leadership during the Apostolic Period Ac 2:42 And they continued steadfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers. 43 And fear came upon every soul: and many wonders and signs were done by the apostles. Leadership during the Apostolic Period : Other scriptural offices guided the church Leadership during the Apostolic Period Eph 4:11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; 12 For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ: 13 Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ: Apostles Prophets Evangelists Pastors Teachers Leadership during the Apostolic Period : Autonomous congregations were guided by local Elders Leadership during the Apostolic Period Php 1:1 Paul and Timotheus, the servants of Jesus Christ, to all the saints in Christ Jesus which are at Philippi, with the bishops (Elders) and deacons. Leadership during the Apostolic Period : Scripture was the final rule! Leadership during the Apostolic Period 2Ti 3:16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: 17 That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works. Ga 1:9 As we said before, so say I now again, If any man preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed. Major Doctrines of the Apostolic Period : Major Doctrines of the Apostolic Period The Deity of Jesus John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God This Doctrine was a “Non-Negotiable” in the Early Church Major Doctrines of the Apostolic Period : Major Doctrines of the Apostolic Period The Incarnation of Jesus 1John 4:2 By this you know the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is of God, 3 and every spirit that does not confess that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is not of God. And this is the spirit of the Antichrist, which you have heard was coming, and is now already in the world. Gnostics Diminished and Sometimes Denied the Earthly Jesus Major Doctrines of the Apostolic Period : The Bodily Resurrection 1Th 4:13 But I do not want you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning those who have fallen asleep, lest you sorrow as others who have no hope. 14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so God will bring with Him those who sleep in Jesus. Major Doctrines of the Apostolic Period Certain Heretics in Apostolic times denied the Bodily Resurrection (2 Tim 2:17) Major Doctrines of the Apostolic Period : Major Doctrines of the Apostolic Period Freedom from the Law of Moses Gal 2:16 Knowing that a man is not justified by works of the Law, but through faith in Jesus Christ; even we believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith in Christ, and not by works of the Law. For all flesh will not be justified by works of law. Justification does not come via the Law! Major Doctrines of the Apostolic Period : Major Doctrines of the Apostolic Period Regulation of Spiritual Gifts 1Co 14:26 How is it then, brethren? Whenever you come together, each of you has a psalm, has a teaching, has a tongue, has a revelation, has an interpretation. Let all things be done for edification. Paul Regulates Gifts and Assures the Church that Gifts were Temporary! Major Doctrines of the Apostolic Period : Gender Roles in the Church 1Co 11:3 /6 But I want you to know that the head of every man is Christ, the head of woman is man, and the head of Christ is God . . But if it is shameful for a woman to be shorn or shaved, let her be covered. 1Co 14:34 Let your women keep silent in the churches, for they are not permitted to speak; but they are to be submissive, as the law also says. 35 And if they want to learn something, let them ask their own husbands at home; for it is shameful for women to speak in church. Major Doctrines of the Apostolic Period Christians have always struggled with Gender Role Distinction Major Doctrines of the Apostolic Period : Major Doctrines of the Apostolic Period Abuses in the Lord’s Supper 1Co 11:20 Therefore when you come together into one place, this is not to eat the Lord's supper. 21 For in eating each one takes his own supper first; and one is hungry, and another drunken. 22 For do you not have houses in which to eat and drink? Or do you despise the church of God, and shame those who do not have? What shall I say to you? Shall I praise you for this? I do not praise you! The 1st century church struggled with “how” to correctly observe the Lord’s Supper. Subsequent generations struggled with “what” the Lord’s Supper was. Transubstantiation? Consubstantiation? Representation? Major Doctrines of the Apostolic Period : Morality Issues as Gentiles left Paganism 1Th 4:3 For this is the will of God, your sanctification: that you should abstain from sexual immorality; 4 that each of you should know how to possess his own vessel in sanctification and honor. 5 not in passion of lust, like the Gentiles who do not know God; Major Doctrines of the Apostolic Period Christians have always struggled with how to live “in” but not be “of” the world. This question led to the asceticism of future generations. Apostolic Warnings : The Danger of Apostasy was Evident from the Beginning. Apostolic Warnings Jude 1:3 Beloved, while I was very diligent to write to you concerning our common salvation, I found it necessary to write to you exhorting you to contend earnestly for the faith which was once for all delivered to the saints. 4 For certain men have crept in unnoticed, who long ago were marked out for this condemnation, ungodly men, who turn the grace of our God into lewdness and deny the only Lord God and our Lord Jesus Christ. c. 66 A.D. Apostolic Warnings : Apostolic Warnings From Jesus to Paul, Warnings are Given! Mt 7:5 "Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravenous wolves. Ac 20:29 "For I know this, that after my departure savage wolves will come in among you, not sparing the flock. 30 "Also from among yourselves men will rise up, speaking perverse things, to draw away the disciples after themselves. The Christian Age : The Christian Age Warnings of Apostasy 1Tim 4:1 Now the Spirit expressly says that in latter times some will depart from the faith, giving heed to deceiving spirits and doctrines of demons, 2 speaking lies in hypocrisy, having their own conscience seared with a hot iron, 3 forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from foods which God created to be received with thanksgiving by those who believe and know the truth. 4 For every creature of God is good, and nothing is to be refused if it is received with thanksgiving; 5 for it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer. Slide 30: End of Part 1

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