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Published on January 23, 2008

Author: Stentore

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Stepping Forward: Chinese Astronomy:  Stepping Forward: Chinese Astronomy Kai Cai 蔡锴 March 7, 2002 Indiana University Chinese Astronomical Society (CAS):  Chinese Astronomical Society (CAS) Chinese Astronomical Society :  Chinese Astronomical Society History On October 30th 1922, the Chinese Astronomical Society was founded in Beijing. Under the influence of the "May the 4th Movement" 1st Presidents: Gao Lu, Cai Yuanpei The Chinese Astronomical Society became an adhering member orgnization of the International Astronomical Union (IAU) in 1935. By now 252 Chinese astronomers are individual members of the IAU. –Dec, 1998 Meetings Administration Academic meetings CAS:  CAS Purpose : “Promoting the advancement in astronomical research and popularizing the astronomical knowledge". “…No progress can be made in learning without group discussion” secretariat first in Beijing Ancient Observatory Moved to Nanjing in 1932 The Council of the Chinese Astronomical Society :  The Council of the Chinese Astronomical Society President: Prof. Fang Cheng Secretary-general Vice Presidents: several Standing Council Working Committee   Organizing, Education, Popularization Terminology, Library and  Information, Funds , Acta Astrophysica Sinica Science Committee     Science Committee of CAS:  Science Committee of CAS Astrometry Time & Frequency Solar & Lunar Planet Star Galaxy & Cosmos Instrument and Technology Radio Space & High Energy astrophysics Celestial Mechanics & Satellite History Chinese Astronomical Society:  Chinese Astronomical Society Regional Societies and groups Beijing Astronomical Society (BAS): founded in 1952 Members: ~400(1998) Membership Jobs Five Observatories:  Five Observatories All belong to Chinese Academy of Science Beijing Observatory (1958) Purple Mountain Observatory(1929) Shanghai Observatory(1962) Shanxi Observatory: primarily time service , Yunnan Observatory(1972) Urumqi Station(1957) Nanjing Astronomical Instrument Research Center/Nanjing Institute of Astronomical Optics & Technology (NIAOT) (1958)   Xinglong Station of BAO:  Xinglong Station of BAO 960m above sea level Optical observations > 270 clear nights 2.16m telescope 1.26m infrared telescope 60/90cm Schmidt telescope 85cm reflector 60cm reflector 2.16M Optical Telescope:  2.16M Optical Telescope The Dome of the 2.16 Meter Optic Telescope The 2.16 Meter Optic Telescope Xinglong Station of BAO :  Xinglong Station of BAO Xinglong Station 60/90-cm Schmidt Telescope Huairou Solar Observing Station (HSOS) :  Huairou Solar Observing Station (HSOS) Miyun Observing Station :  Miyun Observing Station Purple Mountain Observatory (PMO):  Purple Mountain Observatory (PMO) 267m above the sea level (below)An ancient instrument Observing Stations of PMO :  Observing Stations of PMO Delingha: in Tsinghai Province, 3200m above sea level , 13.7m radio telescope(mm waveband) Qingdao Ganyu Xuyi(under construction) : for near-Earth object observations Shanghai Astronomical Observatory (SHAO) 1.56m reflector Located at Sheshan Station: 97m above sea level :  Shanghai Astronomical Observatory (SHAO) 1.56m reflector Located at Sheshan Station: 97m above sea level Yunnan Astronomical Observatory:  Yunnan Astronomical Observatory 2020m above sea level 1m reflector, 60cm optical, 10m radio telescope, … Research concentrations: Stellar astronomy, extragalactic astronomy, solar physics, astrometry Urumqi Astronomical Station:  Urumqi Astronomical Station Nanshan Observing Station National Astronomical Observatories(NAOC):  National Astronomical Observatories(NAOC) Founded: April 2001 Beijing Astronomical Observatory Yunnan Astronomical Observatory Urumqi Astronomical Station Nanjing Institute of Astronomical Optics & Technology (NIAOT) Joint centers Astronomy in Universities :  Astronomy in Universities Peking Univ. (1960) & Beijing Astrophysical Center(May, 1998): 11 faculties Nanjing Univ., Dept. of Astronomy: founded in 1952(first Astronomy department in China): 34 faculties  Beijing Normal Univ. (1960): 20 faculties Center for Astrophysics, University of S & T of China(USTC)(1972) : 16 faculties Dept. of Astronomy and Applied Physics Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Dept. of Physics(Oct.1997): Master program of Astrophysics (New!) Tsinghua University: Center of Astrophysics Astronomy in Peking University:  Astronomy in Peking University Astrophysics Specialty in Geophysics Dept. (1960) Department of Astronomy: June 2000 Astronomy Department in Nanjing University:  Astronomy Department in Nanjing University Astronomy Department in Beijing Normal University:  Astronomy Department in Beijing Normal University Publications of the CAS :  Publications of the CAS Acta Astronomica Sinica (AcASn in SIMBAD): by Purple Mountain Observatory Acta Astrophysica Sinica (AcApS in ADS): by Beijing Observatory Published quarterly. Progress in Astronomy by Shanghai Observatory Published quarterly Chinese Astronomy and Astrophysics Publisher: Elsevier Science   ChJAA Chinese Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (continuation of AcApS from 2001) (SIMBAD, ADS) : in English, bimonthly Publication of BAO:  Publication of BAO Astrophysics Reports: in English(1987) Two issues/year Chinese Solar-Geophysical Data(CSGD) Chinese Astronomical Abstracts Popularization Organizations :  Popularization Organizations Beijing Planetarium Tianjin Science & Technology Museum Beijing Ancient Observatory:  Beijing Ancient Observatory Ming & Qing dynasties(1442) National Natural Science Foundation of China:  National Natural Science Foundation of China founded in February 1986 Seven departments Astronomy is in Department of Mathematical and physical Sciences Four big ongoing projects :  Four big ongoing projects LAMOST(The Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope ) Large Telescope: in Guizhou SST(Space Solar Telescope) HXMT (Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope) LAMOST:  LAMOST A meridian reflecting Schmidt telescope with optical axis fixed in the meridian plane Combine large aperture with wide field of view Location: Xinglong station Total investment : RMB 235 million yuan Proposal approved in 1997, expect to finish at the end of 2004 Major parameters of LAMOST:  Major parameters of LAMOST primary mirror: 6.67m x 6.05m, radius of curvature: 40m reflecting corrector: 5.72m x 4.40m clear aperture: ~4m focal length: 20m field of view: ~5 4000 optical fibers limit: 20m.5 with 1nm spectral resolution in 1.5 hours exposure Large Radio Telescope :  Large Radio Telescope Take advantage of karst depressions - Guizhou province also called “Five hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Telescope (FAST)”  “Arecibo-type with active main reflector” Act as Square Kilometer Array (SKA) Space Solar Telescope:  Space Solar Telescope Devices: an optical diffracting-limited telescope(1m) 2-D real time polarizing spectrograph 4 small attached telescopes of soft x-ray Wide-band spectrometer Sun synchronous polar circular orbit Mission life: 3-5 years expected Launch: 2004-2005 HXMT:  HXMT designed by: Institute of High Energy Physics of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Tsinghua University Astronomical satellite Some fundmentals: Energy Range: 10-200 keV Collective Area: 5000 cm^2 Spatial Resolution : <10' Hong Kong Astronomy:  Hong Kong Astronomy The University of Hong Kong, Dept. of Physics Theoretical Astrophysics group Observational Astrophysics group The Chinese University of Hong Kong , Dept. of Physics Relativistic Astrophysics Amateur: HKUSU a student organization in The University of Hong Kong since 1959. first Astronomical Society in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Astronomical Society: established in 1970 Space Observers, H.K. Hong Kong Science Museum Ancient Chinese Astronomy Exhibition --- http://www.lcsd.gov.hk/CE/Museum/Science/tempexh/acae/eacae.htm Taiwan Astronomy:  Taiwan Astronomy Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy, National Central University Department of Physics, National Cheng Kung University: Astronomy Lab Taibei Observatory: 41cm reflector, 25 cm & 12.5 cm refractor   Taipei Astronomical Museum

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