Chinese Literature

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Published on March 11, 2014

Author: SleepingBeautyLulu

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Introduction to Chinese Literature.

English Communication Arts and Skills through Afro-Asian Literature

What is communication arts?

Communication Arts • A way of expressing one’s thoughts and feelings in words and gestures. • It deals with the proper way of communicating with other people. • It covers the four macro-skills which are speaking, listening, reading, and writing.

What is Literature?

Literature • The body of written works of a language, period, or culture. • Imaginative or creative writing, especially of recognized artistic value.

Introduction to Chinese Literature

China Land of the Sleeping Giant

China is the only country in the world with a literature written in one language for more than 3,000 consecutive years. It was first recorded about 5,000 years ago, since documented the dreams and visions of the people.b

Chinese Language most ancient spoken language and the oldest written language still used by humans.

Language Spoken • Monosyllabic • Very limited (no. of words) • Tonal language Written • No alphabet • Consists of about 50,000 chracters • Character = Idea • Made of Ideographs • 214 basic signs • Top to bottom (column)

Five Classics The Book of Changes The Book of History The Book of Rites The Book of Odes The Spring and Autumn Annals Five Classics - the foundation of their cultural, political, and traditional life.

Four Greatest Poets During Tang Dynasty Wang Wei Li-Po To-Fu Po-Chu-I

1. Wang Wei His works are mostly about nature.

2. Li-Po/Li Bo His works focused on the continuity of traditional poetry, and it shows his glorification with wine.

3.To-Fu/ Du Fu Most of his poems are autobiographical and historical, showing the effects of war in his life.

4.Po-Chu-I His works reflects the governments’ effects on the lives of ordinary people in a humorous way.

Drama is another old and important literary form. Chinese drama usually combines vernacular language with music and song and thus has been popular with the common people. Peking Opera, one of the local operas, which is probably the best known of several operatic traditions that developed in China. Chinese opera is a favorite artistic and cultural medium.

Early Chinese novels often stressed character development and usually centered on an adventure or supernatural happening; “Dream of the Red Chamber”, probably China's most famous novel.

Dream On Red Chamber 紅樓夢 • Author: Cao Xueqin • Written in the middle of the 18th century during the Qing Dynasty.

Shih Ching (Book of Poetry) the most important poetic work produced during the classical period; an anthology of ancient poems written in four-word verses and composed mostly between the 10th and the 7th centuries BC. Shih Ching (Shi Jing) 诗经

TANG POETRY Tang Dynasty is the period when poetry was flourishing. There are 2,300 poets and 50,000 poems. The most famous poets were Wang Wei, Li-Po, To-Fu, and Po-Chu-I. 300 Tang Poems 唐诗三百首 is a collection of Tang poems.

In Chinese literature, the Tang period (618- 907) is considered the Golden Age of Chinese poetry. Tang Shi San Bai Shou (300 Tang Poems) is a compilation of poems from this period made around 1763 by 3. Heng-Tang- Tui-Shi [Sun Zhu] of

Peking Opera China has many local operas. Peking opera is one of them. It has a history of over 200 years. This opera was extremely popular in the Qing Dynasty court It uses a combination of stylized actions like singing, dancing, dialogue and acrobatic fighting to tell a story or present different characters and their happiness, anger, sorrow, surprise, fear and sadness.

Cultural Revolution • All intellectuals were persecuted in China. • Political and Social themes dominated.

Introduction to Chinese Literature Ideographs

Introduction to Chinese Literature Han Characters

Introduction to Chinese Literature Chinese Writing

Introduction to Chinese Literature The Book of Changes, The Book of History, The Book of Rites, The Book of Odes, The Book of Spring and Autumn Annals.

Introduction to Chinese Literature Tang Dynasty (A.D. 678-907) • Buddhism • Block printing was invented, making the written word available. • Four Greatest Chinese Poets • The Golden Age of Poetry

XIE XIE 

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