Child Study Movement

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Information about Child Study Movement
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Published on December 28, 2007

Author: Junyo

Source: authorstream.com

Child Study Movement (late 19th – early 20th century): Science:  Child Study Movement (late 19th – early 20th century): Science Science Darwin (1840) Baby Biographies: 1st systematic study of child development, investigators observed own children over the course of many years Binet/Simon (1905): IQ test Gesell (1911): normal development by observing many children Jean Piaget (1920s) Child Study Movement (late 19th – early 20th century): Watson:  Child Study Movement (late 19th – early 20th century): Watson . . . VS. behaviorism (1920s) Supports tenet of equality for all J.B. Watson Parenthood = science “acquired characteristics” Too much mother love? “Psychological Care of Infant and Child (1928) Conditioning children to create desired behavior Child Study Movement (late 19th – early 20th century): Freud:  Child Study Movement (late 19th – early 20th century): Freud Childhood crucial to development of man Early childhood the most important Emotional development: key to healthy functioning Criticized for his methods & . . . implying children had sexual urges Depression/WWII (1930-1945): Context:  Depression/WWII (1930-1945): Context Great Depression (1933-1939) Economic crisis (abrupt change) Scarcity Decrease – marriages, births WWII (1940-1945) Wartime prosperity Father absence Stimulated women’s employment (latchkey children) Increase – marriages, births Depression/WWII (1930-1945): Programs:  Depression/WWII (1930-1945): Programs FERA (Federal Emergency Relief Association) WPA (Works Progress Administration) Emergency Maternal and Infant Care Program (EMIC) Lanham Act: federally funded day care centers Mother’s Aid Programs (including ADC) Depression/WWII (1930-1945): Effect on children:  Depression/WWII (1930-1945): Effect on children Specialists/Childrearing Popularity of child actor/actresses: Shirley Temple, Mickey Rooney, Judy Garland Education Progressive education Criticism: “Lollypops vs Learning” “Education for Victory” Depression/WWII (1930-1945): Effect on Adolescents:  Depression/WWII (1930-1945): Effect on Adolescents Culture Jitterbug/swing music “Filiarchy” – rule by the young Invention of a “teenager” “Canteens” 1944 – “Seventeen” magazine

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