Chemical (Pesticide) Safet

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Information about Chemical (Pesticide) Safet
Science-Technology

Published on February 23, 2014

Author: muhammadasifmahm

Source: authorstream.com

Chemical (Pesticide) Safety (Renewed Initiative): Chemical (Pesticide) Safety (Renewed Initiative) Muhammad Asif Mahmood Entomologist Health Department, Punjab, Pakistan entomologistpunjab@gmail.com Chemical Safety: Chemical Safety Prevention and management of harmful effects of chemicals (pesticides) on health and environment throughout their entire lifecycle (cradle to grave). Cradle to grave concept involves safety measures at manufacturing industry (raw material, production, purification, packing, labelling and storage) to end user (transportation, storage, distribution, utilization & disposal). Chemicals (pesticides) Fact Sheet: Chemicals (pesticides) Fact Sheet Every chemical (pesticide) is more or less toxic however chemicals can be used safely in the interest of humans Omnipresence of chemicals High demand of food, fiber and energy due to rapid population growth resulted in expansion of agriculture production and high use of pesticides (≈ 30% crop loss due to weeds & ≈ 30% additional loss expected without application of pesticides) PowerPoint Presentation: Quantitative increase in chemicals year Known Chemicals 1942 0.6 Million 1947 4 Million 2010 > 11 Million New additions 1000 – 2000 / annum Available toxicological data < 10,000 Cost of Pesticide use ≈ 25 Billion $ / year House hold pesticide use (>20 B units of cans, coils / year) 30 % of world’s pesticide business Exposure to Chemicals/ Pesticides: Exposure to Chemicals/ Pesticides Human have Continuous exposure through Soil, water & Food Types of Chemical Exposure Intentional Exposure Cosmetics, Animal feeds, drugs, pesticides, contaminated food/ additives, water, homicides (suicides) Unintentional Exposure Direct : Occupational, Accidents (minor or major) Indirect : Atmospheric , Food web Impacts of Chemical Exposure: Impacts of Chemical Exposure ≈ 1 Million deaths or severe disability / year Cases of Pesticide poisoning : 1-4 M / year Deaths due to pesticide poisoning : 200,000/Y Employment in pesticide industry > 4 M people Many more deal with chemicals as part of their job Factors of Pesticide Poisoning: Factors of Pesticide Poisoning Shortage/ absence of : Legislation or enforcement Skill/ Technical knowledge (Managerial, worker / labour & community level) Poison Information Centers Public Private partnership Trained biomedical staff/ facility to deal with acute poisoning Political comitment and allocation of funds Facilities of operational research on safe use of pesticides Efforts toward Chemical Safety: Efforts toward Chemical Safety Historical Background 1000 BC : Bows of arrows were poisoned with toxic chemicals 400 BC : Hippocrates described Lead Colic Disease 1906 (Bern): 1 st International Decision on chemical safety (reduction in use of white phosphorus) 1940 (GREW) : Awareness on occupational hazards & Knowledge about chemical safety in food, water & air 1962 : “Silent Spring” by Rachel Carson 1987 : “Our Common Future” by Brundtland (Report of world Commission on Environment & Development to UN General Assembly) 1992 : UNCED (UN conference on Environment & Development) (Agenda 21, Chapter 19 : Environmentally sound management of chemicals ) PowerPoint Presentation: 1994 (Stockholm) : International Conference on Chemical Safety (action plan for implementation of UNCED recommendations) Six Priority Programme Areas Recommended by UNCED -1992 Expanding & Accelerating I nternational A ssessment of Chemical Risks Harmonization of Classification & Labelling of Chemicals Information Exchange on toxic chemicals & chemical risks Establishment of Risk Reduction Programme Strengthening of National Capacities & Capabilities on safe management of chemical Prevention of illegal international traffic in toxic and dangerous products Key Actions Planned in Stockholm conference 1994: Key Actions Planned in Stockholm conference 1994 Establishment of Inter Governmental Forum on Chemical Safety (IFCS)- 1994 National Profiles on Chemical Safety Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPS) Prior Informed Consent Programme (PIC)

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