Chelsie and Samantha

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Information about Chelsie and Samantha

Published on November 2, 2007

Author: Altoro


Early Explorers:  Early Explorers Presented by: Chelsie Perez & Samantha Romero December 13, 2005 Marco Polo:  Marco Polo Marco Polo was an Italian explorer. In 1254 he was born from Venice. He was named after his Uncle. As he grew older he gained the ability to read and write. He was 17 when he traveled to China with his Uncle and father in 1271. He worked for Kublai Khans the emperor of Mongol for 17 years. (Until he was 34.)He sailed back to his home in 1288. Cont. Marco:  Cont. Marco He met Rustichello, a famous writer. He wrote about Marco Polo’s adventure’s called the book of travels. His book retrieved European’s some of their earliest information about China. He was 70 when he died in 1334. Amerigo Vespucci 1454:  Amerigo Vespucci 1454 Born March 18,1454 in Florence, Italy. In 1492 he was sent out to Seville, Spain so that he could help Spanish ships gather the supplies that was needed for their journey. On Columbus’s third and fourth expedition to the New World (Or South America) Amerigo supplied his ship with tools and food. Amerigo 1497:  Amerigo 1497 In 1497 he named the new continent America. In 1499 Amerigo sailed from Spain in 4 ships commanded by a man who had sailed with Columbus on his second voyage and this man’s name was Alonso de Ojeda. When they reached the North coast of South America Ojeda and Amerigo went their separate ways. He was the first European to see brazil also to explore the mouth of the Amazon river. Amerigo 1501:  Amerigo 1501 In May of 1501 he sailed to service Portugal. On his trip he went near the east tip of Brazil. When Amerigo had reached Argentina he made a prediction of how big the earth was and guessed within 50 miles of it’s actual size! Amerigo was 60 when he died in 1512. Hernando Cortez:  Hernando Cortez He was born in a small town I like to call Medillin in southwestern Spain in 1485. Cortez was also a soldier and a farmer before he sailed for Diego Velasquez to help conquer Cuba in 1511. Velasquez became the governor and Cortez got elected mayor-judge of Santiago. Velasquez soon suspected Hernando would go beyond his orders and cancel the expedition. Cortez continued:  Cortez continued He rounded the peninsula at Yucatan and touched Mexico on the coast of what is now called “the state of Tabasco”. During the battle or war with Indians there, Cortez took many captives including a young Aztec princess. She became interpreter and advisor. Cortez continues again :  Cortez continues again Cortez continued up north .On April 21,1519, Cortez landed near the site of Vera Cruz. There to prevent all thought of retreat, he burned his ships. Leaving a small force on the coast. Cortez led the rest of his men into an interior. Cortez continues “again”:  Cortez continues “again” A warlike tribe of natives attacked his celebration (party). The Indians outnumbered the Spaniards 300-1. On November 8,1519, Hernando reached Tenochtitlan (now Mexico city) and was happily received by Montezuma, the Aztecs emperor. Cortez continues even more:  Cortez continues even more Velasquez sent 1,400 soldiers to arrest Cortez and bring him back to Cuba. He defeated this army and most of the survivors joined his group. Cortez returned to the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan. As Hernando and his men got to the heart of the city. They were attacked by Aztec warriors. Cortez continues “again”:  Cortez continues “again” Montezuma was brought out to pacify his people, but they stoned him, and later he died of his wounds. His’ army was surrounded and apparently doomed, but Cortez and three other managed to get to the chieftain of the Aztecs and killed him. Hernando continues “again”:  Hernando continues “again” Confused by this apparent “miracle”, the Aztecs retreated. With less than 500 of his men left alive, Cortez, in July of 1520, made his way back to his Indian allies. Cortez attacked tenochtitlan again by boat or (ship) the fallowing May. On August 13, 1521, Guatomic, the new Aztec emperor, surrendered. That was the end of the wonderful empire of the Aztecs. Cortez continues again & again:  Cortez continues again & again He returned to Mexico as a military commander, Cortez explored lower California from 1534-1535 and fought the pirates Algiers in 1541. The same year he was a leader in an expedition against the Maya of Yucatan. Cortez died near Seville on December 2, 2005. Francisco Vasquez De Coronado:  Francisco Vasquez De Coronado Francisco was born in 1510 in Salamanca, Spain he left home because his parents promised to the family fortune to his older brother. In 1531 he sailed to Mexico with Antonio De Mendoza, the colony's 1st admiral. He became one of the governors of the new galacia (One of the Spanish colonies in the new world. Francisco continues:  Francisco continues Between 1536-1539, admiral Mendoza heard stories about the seven cities of gold were made of gold, and jewels, he sent me on an expedition to find them and claim the wealth for Spain. Some of my army coped inside the villages of Cibolo and some made separate trips to find the gold. Francisco continues “again”:  Francisco continues “again” Francisco was the first Europeans to travel up north to the Rio Grande. He found many Indian settlements and discovered the grand canyon. In spring Francisco led his army south across what is now called Texas. He went to Kansas in search of the gran Quivera, a land reported to be rich in gold or silver. Admiral Mendoza wasn't happy that Francisco and the people that were with him didn’t return without any riches. But Admiral Mendoza realized that Francisco worked very hard. After that he made Francisco the governor of a new world. And he died when he was 44 in 1554. Slide18:  The End

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