Chapter 9: Workers, Farmers, and Salves: The Transformation of the American Economy, 1815-1848

47 %
53 %
Information about Chapter 9: Workers, Farmers, and Salves: The Transformation of the...
Education

Published on April 11, 2014

Author: suziehinman

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Chapter 9: Workers, Farmers, and Salves: The Transformation of the American Economy, 1815-1848

1 Visions of America, A History of the United States CHAPTER Workers, Farmers, and Slaves The Transformation of the American Economy, 1815–1848 9 1 Visions of America, A History of the United States

2 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Workers, Farmers, and Slaves I. The Market Revolution II. The Spread of Industrialization III. The Changing Urban Landscape IV. Southern Society V. Life and Labor Under Slavery THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE AMERICAN ECONOMY, 1815–1848 3 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Workers, Farmers, and Slaves I. The Market Revolution A. Agricultural Changes and Consequences B. A Nation on the Move: Roads, Canals, Steamboats, and Trains C. Spreading the News THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE AMERICAN ECONOMY, 1815–1848 4 Visions of America, A History of the United States

The Market Revolution How did technology change agriculture in the era of the market revolution? 5 Visions of America, A History of the United States

The Market Revolution Market Revolution – A set of interrelated developments in agriculture, technology, and industry that led to the creation of a more integrated national economy. Impersonal market forces impelled the maximization of production of agricultural products and manufactured goods and increased consumption. 6 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Agricultural Changes and Consequences What role did technological change play in the improvements in agriculture during the era of the market revolution? What kind of impact on values did such changes foster? Why did the Farmer’s Almanac frown on huskings and frolics? 7 Visions of America, A History of the United States

8 Visions of America, A History of the United States

A Nation on the Move: Roads, Canals, Steamboats, and Trains What role did the railroad play as a symbol of American progress? What impact did the Erie Canal have on New York’s economy? 9 Visions of America, A History of the United States

10 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Images as History • How did George Inness view technological progress in his paintings of the Lackawanna Valley? NATURE, TECHNOLOGY, AND THE RAILROAD: GEORGE’S INNESS’S THE LACKAWANNA VALLEY (1855) 11 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Images as History NATURE, TECHNOLOGY, AND THE RAILROAD: GEORGE’S INNESS’S THE LACKAWANNA VALLEY (1855) 12 Visions of America, A History of the United States Inness increased size of roundhouse to please patron. Figure of boy evokes harmony with nature. Tree stumps suggest cost of progress to nature.

Spreading the News How did the telegraph transform communication? 13 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Spreading the News Telegraph – Invention patented by Samuel Morse in 1837 that used electricity to send coded messages over wires, making communication nearly instantaneous 14 Visions of America, A History of the United States

15 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Spreading the News Why was the firm of Currier and Ives so successful? 16 Visions of America, A History of the United States

17 Visions of America, A History of the United States

The Spread of Industrialization A. From Artisan to Worker B. Women and Work C. The Lowell Experiment D. Urban Industrialization 18 Visions of America, A History of the United States

From Artisan to Worker How did the factory change work? 19 Visions of America, A History of the United States

From Artisan to Worker Artisan Production – A system of manufacturing goods, built around apprenticeship, that defined the preindustrial economy. The apprentice learned a trade under the guidance of an artisan who often housed, clothed, and fed the apprentice. 20 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Women and Work How did nineteenth-century ideas about gender roles affect the organization of the Lowell system? 21 Visions of America, A History of the United States

The Lowell Experiment What was the Lowell system? 22 Visions of America, A History of the United States

The Lowell Experiment Waltham System – Also known as the mill town model, a system that relied on factories housing all the distinctive steps of cloth production under a single roof. The Waltham System depended on a large labor force housed in company-owned dormitories. 23 Visions of America, A History of the United States

24 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Urban Industrialization How did urban industrialization differ from other models of industrialization such as the Waltham and Lowell systems? 25 Visions of America, A History of the United States

26 Visions of America, A History of the United States

27 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Competing Visions Lowell mill women identified with American Revolution and sought support by focusing on issues of rights and independence. 28 Visions of America, A History of the United States THE LOWELL STRIKE OF 1834 How did ideas about gender shape the response of those who were critical of the Lowell strike? Supporters of the mill owners highlighted the radical and unladylike behavior of the strikers.

The Changing Urban Landscape A. Old Ports and the New Cities of the Interior B. Immigrants and the City C. Free Black Communities in the North D. Riot, Unrest, and Crime 29 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Old Ports and the New Cities of the Interior What was the Five Points neighborhood and why did it become so well known? What does the creation of gated parks such as Gramercy Park tell us about urban life in this period? 30 Visions of America, A History of the United States

31 Visions of America, A History of the United States

32 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Immigrants and the City How did immigration patterns change in the early nineteenth century? 33 Visions of America, A History of the United States

34 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Free Black Communities in the North 35 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Riot, Unrest, and Crime Why did urban violence increase in the early nineteenth century? What does the murder of Helen Jewett reveal about nineteenth-century city life? 36 Visions of America, A History of the United States

37 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Envisioning Evidence Does the historical evidence support the concerns expressed by moral reformers about the prevalence of commercial sex in New York? THE ECONOMICS AND GEOGRAPHY OF VICE IN MID-NINETEENTH CENTURY NEW YORK 38 Visions of America, A History of the United States

39 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Southern Society A. The Planter Class B. Yeomen and Tenant Farmers C. Free Black Communities D. White Southern Culture 40 Visions of America, A History of the United States

The Planter Class What do plantation architecture and the arrangement of buildings tell us about slavery? What values defined the planter class? How did the experience of free blacks in the South compare with those in the North? 41 Visions of America, A History of the United States

42 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Yeomen and Tenant Farming 43 Visions of America, A History of the United States

White Southern Culture What role did honor play in Southern culture? 44 Visions of America, A History of the United States

45 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Life and Labor Under Slavery A. Varied Systems of Slave Labor B. Life in the Slave Quarters C. Slave Religion and Music D. Resistance and Revolt E. Slavery and the Law 46 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Varied Systems of Slave Labor Where was the Black Belt? What role did violence play in slave society? 47 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Varied Systems of Slave Labor Black Belt – A swath of dark rich soil well suited to cotton agriculture that stretched westward from Alabama and eventually reached the easternmost part of Texas 48 Visions of America, A History of the United States

49 Visions of America, A History of the United States

50 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Life in the Slave Quarters Why did so many slaves marry slaves living on other plantations? 51 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Slave Religion and Music How did slaves modify Christianity to articulate their distinctive religious vision? Why did biblical themes from the story of the Exodus figure so prominently in slave spirituals? 52 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Slave Religion and Music Spirituals – Religious songs created by slaves. Spirituals’ symbolism drew heavily on biblical themes. 53 Visions of America, A History of the United States

54 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Resistance and Revolt Who was Nat Turner? 55 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Resistance and Revolt Nat Turner’s Rebellion – Am 1831 slave uprising in Virginia led by Nat Turner that shocked many in the South and led to a host of new repressive measures against slaves 56 Visions of America, A History of the United States

57 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Slavery and the Law Why did Judge Ruffin (see Choices and Consequences: Conscience or Duty? Judge Ruffin’s Quandary) argue that the power of the master over the slave must be absolute? 58 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Slavery and the Law State v. Mann – The 1829 North Carolina Supreme Court case that involved a white man’s assault on a slave. The case asserted that the domination of the master over the slave was complete. 59 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Choices and Consequences • State v. Mann was appealed to state Supreme Court • Judge Ruffin had to decide between what he felt was right and what law required CONSCIENCE OR DUTY? JUSTICE RUFFIN’S QUANDARY 60 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Choices and Consequences Choices regarding State v. Mann CONSCIENCE OR DUTY? JUSTICE RUFFIN’S QUANDARY 61 Visions of America, A History of the United States Affirm that temporary master’s power to discipline was limited Affirm that even a temporary master’s power over slaves was unlimited Affirm lower court ruling and focus on use of excessive force

Choices and Consequences Decision and Consequences • Master’s unlimited authority over slaves was affirmed • State v. Will later asserted that slaves did not surrender basic right to self-defense CONSCIENCE OR DUTY? JUSTICE RUFFIN’S QUANDARY 62 Visions of America, A History of the United States Does the law of slavery support the claim that the law is a tool of the powerful or that it is a constraint on them?

Choices and Consequences Continuing Controversies • What role did ideas of justice play in Justice Ruffin’s understanding of the rule of law? CONSCIENCE OR DUTY? JUSTICE RUFFIN’S QUANDARY 63 Visions of America, A History of the United States

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Chapter 16: The Transformation of American Society

... of the American Economy, 1815–1848. ... Farmers, and Salves: The Transformation of the American Economy, 1815-1848 Chapter 9: Workers, ...
Read more

Chapter 9: Workers, Farmers, and Salves: The ...

3. Workers, Farmers, and Slaves I. The Market Revolution II. The Spread of Industrialization III. The Changing Urban Landscape IV. Southern Society V. Life ...
Read more

Chapter 11: "To Overspread the Continent" Westward ...

Chapter 11: 'To Overspread the Continent' Westward Education presentation. Tweet. Chapter 11: "To Overspread the Continent" Westward Expansion and ...
Read more

A Framework for the History of Emotions - es.scribd.com

This page intentionally left blank. The Navigation of Feeling In The Navigation of Feeling: AFramework for the History of Emotions, William M. Reddy offers ...
Read more

Andrew Jackson - Wikipedia

Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 ... day Georgia and Alabama as open for American settlement. On August 9, ... Madison to restore the United States economy ...
Read more