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Chapter 16 The Southern Kingdom

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Information about Chapter 16 The Southern Kingdom

Published on May 4, 2008

Author: cuevasl

Source: slideshare.net

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Chapter 16 Judah, The Southern Kingdom

Kings of Judah Rehoboam Abijah Asa Jehoshaphat Jehoram *Uzziah Jotham Ahaz *skip in succession

Rehoboam

Abijah

Asa

Jehoshaphat

Jehoram

*Uzziah

Jotham

Ahaz

*skip in succession

Rehoboam and Abijah False gods Had an influence on people

Rehoboam and Abijah

False gods

Had an influence on people

King Asa Believed in the 1 true God Government workers had to believe Free Judah from false practices

Believed in the 1 true God

Government workers had to believe

Free Judah from false practices

“ to seek the Lord, the God of their fathers, and to observe the law and its commands” 2 nd Book of Chronicles Jehoshaphat, his son, followed in his father’s footsteps

“ to seek the Lord, the God of their fathers, and to observe the law and its commands”

2 nd Book of Chronicles

Jehoshaphat, his son, followed in his father’s footsteps

Next in line King Jehoram Wife was a believer of Baal Introduced into Jerusalem Some never turned away

Next in line

King Jehoram

Wife was a believer of Baal

Introduced into Jerusalem

Some never turned away

King Uzziah Restored Judah to greatness Judah, though it went full circle, came out believing King Jotham King Ahaz Protective over Judah and its people

King Uzziah

Restored Judah to greatness

Judah, though it went full circle, came out believing

King Jotham

King Ahaz

Protective over Judah and its people

Conflict Possible alliance Israel (Northern Kingdom) Judah (Southern Kingdom) Syria Enemy Assyrians

Possible alliance

Israel (Northern Kingdom)

Judah (Southern Kingdom)

Syria

Enemy

Assyrians

King Jotham has doubts Doesn’t join alliance Invasion from Israel and Syria King Ahaz inherits Jotham’s decision

King Jotham has doubts

Doesn’t join alliance

Invasion from Israel and Syria

King Ahaz inherits Jotham’s decision

Feared invasion from Israel and Syria Turns to the Assyrians for help Assyrians conquered Israel and Syria Ahaz’s pact

Feared invasion from Israel and Syria

Turns to the Assyrians for help

Assyrians conquered Israel and Syria

Ahaz’s pact

The People of Judah Forced to recognize false gods Pagan altar in the Temple in Jerusalem Idolatry Heavy taxes Poor, suffered, persecuted Reminiscent of the takeover of Israel

Forced to recognize false gods

Pagan altar in the Temple in Jerusalem

Idolatry

Heavy taxes

Poor, suffered, persecuted

Reminiscent of the takeover of Israel

The Prophets People of Judah made the circle Sent help Message: Against idolatry and injustice King Ahaz’s adviser Assyria wasn’t a good idea Ahaz turns away Isaiah

People of Judah

made the circle

Sent help

Message:

Against idolatry and injustice

King Ahaz’s adviser

Assyria wasn’t a good idea

Ahaz turns away

“ the Lord had brought Judah low because of Ahaz,… who let Judah go its own way and proved utterly faithless to the Lord.” Pure and faithful

“ the Lord had brought Judah low because of Ahaz,… who let Judah go its own way and proved utterly faithless to the Lord.”

Pure and faithful

King Hezekiah Listened to Isaiah Stopped practices against God Removed idols Closed shrines Helped the poor and suffering Tried to free Judah from the Assyrians Kept people faithful to God

King Hezekiah

Listened to Isaiah

Stopped practices against God

Removed idols

Closed shrines

Helped the poor and suffering

Tried to free Judah from the Assyrians

Kept people faithful to God

Isaiah’s Message Jerusalem wouldn’t be taken or Judah destroyed Foreign nations would be used to make Judah pure again Power would be subject to God’s will Things look bleak…God will keep His promises God will bring new life out of death Faith is complete trust in God’s plan Out of mercy, God would spare a “remnant” of the people

Jerusalem wouldn’t be taken or Judah destroyed

Foreign nations would be used to make Judah pure again

Power would be subject to God’s will

Things look bleak…God will keep His promises

God will bring new life out of death

Faith is complete trust in God’s plan

Out of mercy, God would spare a “remnant” of the people

Micah, the Prophet Preached in Judah Message recorded in the “Book of Micah” Around the same time as Isaiah Against false prophets False prophets = what you want to hear Micah’s words = not what they wanted to hear

Preached in Judah

Message recorded in the “Book of Micah”

Around the same time as Isaiah

Against false prophets

False prophets = what you want to hear

Micah’s words = not what they wanted to hear

Harsh words for greed, dishonesty and corruption Goodness lies in practices and faithfulness No good to perform religious ceremonies with no faith Not good to say one thing and believe another

Harsh words for greed, dishonesty and corruption

Goodness lies in practices and faithfulness

No good to perform religious ceremonies with no faith

Not good to say one thing and believe another

“ Only to do the right and to love goodness, and to walk humbly with your God” (Micah 6:8) Warned against the eventual destruction of the northern and southern kingdoms God would not abandon his chosen people

“ Only to do the right and to love goodness, and to walk humbly with your God” (Micah 6:8)

Warned against the eventual destruction of the northern and southern kingdoms

God would not abandon his chosen people

The Kingdom of Judah Ends Josiah becomes King in 640 B.C. Assyrian Empire weakens Judah regaining independence “ The Book of the Law” “ Book of Deuteronomy” Time of Moses Reform religious practices Banned false practices Only worship at the Temple

Josiah becomes King in 640 B.C.

Assyrian Empire weakens

Judah regaining independence

“ The Book of the Law”

“ Book of Deuteronomy”

Time of Moses

Reform religious practices

Banned false practices

Only worship at the Temple

The Prophet Zephaniah During the time of Josiah Message found in the book of Zephaniah Condemned worship of false gods Welcomed Josiah’s changes Urged them to return to the faith of Moses A remnant would enjoy the peace, prosperity, and justice

During the time of Josiah

Message found in the book of Zephaniah

Condemned worship of false gods

Welcomed Josiah’s changes

Urged them to return to the faith of Moses

A remnant would enjoy the peace, prosperity, and justice

Death of Josiah Died in battle against king of Egypt-609 B.C. Lost independence Pledge loyalty to Egypt Assyria was conquered by Babylon Babylon conquered Egypt Judah had to pledge loyalty to Babylon New king not faithful Encouraged idolatry Violence and social injustice flourished

Died in battle against king of Egypt-609 B.C.

Lost independence

Pledge loyalty to Egypt

Assyria was conquered by Babylon

Babylon conquered Egypt

Judah had to pledge loyalty to Babylon

New king not faithful

Encouraged idolatry

Violence and social injustice flourished

Revenge against Judah The Exile 597 B.C. King disloyal to Babylon Revenge on Judah Invaded Crops ruined King, family and officials forced to move to Babylon (step 1 of the exile) Wealth stripped from Judah New king – Zedekiah, left in charge

King disloyal to Babylon

Revenge on Judah

Invaded

Crops ruined

King, family and officials forced to move to Babylon (step 1 of the exile)

Wealth stripped from Judah

New king – Zedekiah, left in charge

2 nd Invasion of Judah 2 nd Exile 594 B.C. Zedekiah rebelled Judah invaded again Farm land ruined, people deported to Babylon More wealth stripped

Zedekiah rebelled

Judah invaded again

Farm land ruined, people deported to Babylon

More wealth stripped

3 rd Invasion 3 rd Exile 587 B.C. King resists Babylon still Invaded a 3 rd time Destroyed Jerusalem Destroyed the Temple Deported more people to Babylon People of Judah in exile End of Judah- the southern kingdom The kings from David

King resists Babylon still

Invaded a 3 rd time

Destroyed Jerusalem

Destroyed the Temple

Deported more people to Babylon

People of Judah in exile

End of Judah- the southern kingdom

The kings from David

The Prophet Habakkuk 605 – 597 B.C. Questioned God’s ways “ why must you let me see ruin; why must I look at misery?” Instrument to purify Judah of its sins Faithful would remain in God’s love Baptism – our cleansing to be faithful Reconciliation – forgiveness of sins Penance – sorrow for sins

605 – 597 B.C.

Questioned God’s ways

“ why must you let me see ruin; why must I look at misery?”

Instrument to purify Judah of its sins

Faithful would remain in God’s love

Baptism – our cleansing to be faithful

Reconciliation – forgiveness of sins

Penance – sorrow for sins

The Prophet Jeremiah 650 B.C. – 583 B.C. Troubled times Struggled with his vocation “ why me” Said he didn’t know how to speak to people God said he would put the words in his mouth

650 B.C. – 583 B.C.

Troubled times

Struggled with his vocation

“ why me”

Said he didn’t know how to speak to people

God said he would put the words in his mouth

Supported Josiah Confused- felt people didn’t truly understand why they were doing what they were doing in the name of God Must learn the real meaning of what was right if they wanted to survive People thought he was crazy; accused him of blasphemy Rejected, put in jail

Supported Josiah

Confused- felt people didn’t truly understand why they were doing what they were doing in the name of God

Must learn the real meaning of what was right if they wanted to survive

People thought he was crazy; accused him of blasphemy

Rejected, put in jail

During final exile, told them not to resist in hopes of the Temple not being destroyed People did not listen, did not believe that their captivity could be part of God’s plan

During final exile, told them not to resist in hopes of the Temple not being destroyed

People did not listen, did not believe that their captivity could be part of God’s plan

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