Published on September 25, 2007
Slide1: A Vision for Carbon Cyberinfrastructure Paul M. Rich, Gordon N Keating, Thomas L. Riggs, Marc S. Witkowski Los Alamos National Laboratory, firstname.lastname@example.org Timothy R. Carr and Jeremy Bartley Kansas Geological Survey, email@example.com Abstract Cyberinfrastructure refers to an integrated computing environment that provides access to information, problem solving capabilities, and communication. A well-formulated cyberinfrastructure design, incorporating recent advances in informatics and geographic information systems (GIS), is essential for the success of carbon sequestration science and technology efforts. This carbon cyberinfrastructure has five major elements: 1) a knowledge base, consisting of key geospatially referenced databases (digital libraries); 2) links to relevant data sources available through measurement, monitoring, and verification (MMV); 3) links to process models (data/model integration, model coupling); 4) links to higher-level integrative models (system dynamics); and 5) links to computation services, in particular GIS-based capabilities for analysis and visualization (GIServices, decision support). The centerpiece of carbon cyberinfrastructure is the knowledge base, which serves simultaneously as the 'universal translator' to share data from diverse sources and for diverse uses, the 'faithful scribe' to organize and archive, and the 'friendly traffic controller' to direct data flow and ensure access. In addition to the scientific and technical challenges of sound design, planning and implementation of carbon cyberinfrastructure must be leveraged against national initiatives (North American Carbon Program, DOE Regional Partnerships, NatCarb, Geospatial One-Stop, National Map …). Neglect of cyberinfrastructure means lost data, wasted resources and time, and high future cost to 'retrofit', 'backfill', and 'salvage'. A visionary plan for carbon cyberinfrastructure will help ensure the success of our science and technology efforts. I. The Vision integration of all elements of carbon science (theory, data, experiments, and models) and decision support (analysis and visualization) IV. Role of NatCarb geoportal to national carbon atlas VI. Conclusion carbon cyberinfrastructure key to success of national carbon sequestration efforts neglect increases risk of lost data, wasted resources and time, and high future cost to 'retrofit', 'backfill', and 'salvage' benefits include access to reliable data and models, better integration, more effective science and engineering, and enhanced decision-making knowledge base serves as the centerpiece that permits 'loose coupling' of all elements of carbon science and decision support need to formulate a visionary national carbon cyberinfrastructure plan based on sound design principles LA-UR-05-0207 Spatial Data Engine Web Server Map Server Data Warehouse Field Worker Public Analyst Model Warehouse Decision Maker Knowledge Base Field Measurement Sensor Network Remote Sensing Measurement, Monitoring, andamp; Verification (MMV) Carbon Cyberinfrastructure = integrated computing environment that provides access to carbon science information, models, problem solving capabilities, and communication Cyberinfrastructure elements: knowledge base (digital libraries) links to measurement, monitoring, and verification (MMV) links to process models (data/model integration, model coupling) links to higher-level integrative models (system dynamics) links to decision support (analysis, visualization..) II. The Knowledge Base digital libraries that link elements of carbon science and decision support Knowledge Base Data Warehouse Model Warehouse System Dynamics Process Models Decision Support Data Access Data/model integration Map-based analysis and visualization Integrated system behavior Quick analysis Measurement, Monitoring, andamp; Verification (MMV) Remote sensing Sensor arrays / networks Ground truth Physical models Operations models Scenario analysis National Carbon Atlas MMV libraries Model component archive (inputs, parameters…) Scenario libraries III. Regional Partnerships Regional characterization of carbon sequestration potential V. The Future expand initial web-based data access and GIServices (NatCarb...) to build a complete national cyberinfrastructure that integrates all elements of carbon science and decision support formulate national carbon cyberinfrastructure plan with input from diverse stakeholders (academicians, government agencies, public...) and based on sound design (complete geospatial data cycle, enterprise GIS...) complete national carbon atlas of sources, sinks, infrastructure... incorporate model warehousing of model components and results further develop knowledge base links for 'loose coupling' among MMV, data, models, decision tools... further develop decision support tools for analysis and visualization by diverse stakeholders (scientists, decision makers, public...) ensure coordination of national efforts (Geospatial One-stop, National Map, North America Carbon Program, DOE Regional Partnerships, NatCarb...) GIS as the 'glue' Process Models System Dynamics Models 'Universal Translator', 'Faithful Scribe', 'Friendly Traffic Controller' data warehouse provides access to shared data (National Carbon Atlas, MMV libraries...) model warehouse provides access to model components (inputs, parameters...) and results (scenario libraries...) 'loose coupling' of all elements, including MMV, process models, system dynamics models, and decision support (analysis and visualization) development of GIS-based carbon sequestration atlas of sources and potential sinks (terrestrial and geologic) development of decision support tools to assess sink characteristics for potential sites and proximity to sources and transportation infrastructure also includes development of MMV technologies and protocols, matching sources with capture technology, developing permitting guidelines, and outreach and education web-based access to distributed map services, including carbon sequestration data and tools based in Internet Map Server (ArcIMS™), with access to partnership data using Spatial Database Engine (ArcSDE™) queries across distributed database of regional partnerships geographic information services (GIServices) include online tools for visualization and analysis (map viewer, pipeline cost estimation, emission estimates, sequestration estimates...) NatCarb coordinates client requests for data from regional partnership servers and returns integrated map images Experiments
... Chapman worries New Balance’s U.S. factories will be put out of business by the proposed elimination of footwear tariffs under a free-trade deal, ...