Published on February 2, 2009
The Legislative Branch-Congress I. Congress is made up of Two Houses- Bicameral (most states follow this model) A. The House of Representatives-based on population, every state gets at least 1 B. The Senate-Two Senators per state C. the two houses act to check and balance each other since both must pass identical bills
Questions How many seats are currently in the 1. House of Representatives? a) 435 b) 142 c) 186 d) 100
The Legislative Branch-Congress II. Elections are every two years A. a term is the length of time between elections 1. whole House of Representatives is up for election every two years 2. one-third of the Senate is up every two years, it is a continuous body since it always has returning members
Questions Every two years, how many Senate 2. seats are up for election on a normal election? a) 25 b) 33 c) 60 d) 100
Questions Why do members of the Senate serve six 3. years, whereas members of the house only serve two? a) It costs more to run for the Senate than for the House b) The job of senator takes longer to learn than that of representative c) Senators should not be as concerned with the pressures of election campaigns, so that they can focus on the “big picture” of government d) Senators need time to train their bigger staffs
Questions When all of Congress comes together 4. to hear POTUS (President of the US) give the SOTU (State of the Union) how many legislators are there? a.100 b. 435 c. 485 d. 535
Questions What is the usual outcome of off-year 5. elections? a) The Democratic party wins b) The Republican party wins c) The President’s party increases its number of seats d) The President’s party decreases its number of seats
The Legislative Branch-Congress III. Expressed Powers A. Power to tax B. Power to regulate commerce 1. interstate trade and foreign trade C. Currency Power D. Bankruptcy
Questions Which of the two houses is most 6. “reactive” and “responsive” to the popular mood? Or in other words which body is the least deliberative? a) The House b) The Senate
Questions Which of the following is a qualification 7. for election to the Senate? a) Citizenship for at least nine years b) 25 years of age c) Inhabitant of a nearby state d) Possession of great wealth
The Legislative Branch-Congress E. Foreign Relations 1. War Power-declaration 2. raise and support a military 3. deals with foreign states, shares this duty with the president
Questions When must the congressional elections 8. be held? a) The first Tuesday of every second November b) The second day of January in odd years c) The Tuesday after the first Monday of November in even-numbered years d) The Tuesday after the first Monday of November in odd-numbered years
Questions Which of the following is NOT a 9. qualification for House members? a) Being a citizen for at least seven years b) Being 25 years old c) Being an inhabitant of the State from which he or she is chosen d) Only constitutional qualifications should be considered when a home representative first takes a seat in the house
Questions 10. Which branch of the national government declares war? a) The Legislative Branch b) The President c) The Executive Branch d) The House of Representatives
The Legislative Branch-Congress F. Additional powers 1. naturalization-citizenship 2. post office 3. copyrights and patents 4. weights and measures 5. power over territories 6. judicial powers-power to create federal courts
Questions 11. The powers of the Legislative Branch are outlined in which article of the Constitution? a) Article I b) Article II c) Article III d) Article IV
Questions the adoption of the 17th 12. Before amendment in 1913, who chose senators? a) State governors b) State legislatures c) State supreme courts d) The people of the state
Questions Why is the Senate called the upper 13. house? a) It always meets on the second floor of the Capitol b) It is descendant from the house of lords and the senators are considered nobility c) The job of senator is easier than that of representative d) It has stricter qualifications than the House, more prestige, a longer term of office, and has been a stepping stone to higher political office
The Legislative Branch-Congress IV. Implied Powers A. In Art.1 it says Congress has the power “to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing (expressed) powers”-sometimes called “the elastic clause” or necessary and proper clause 1. battle between liberal and strict constructionists
Questions 14. _________ ____ means that all seats in a legislative body are never up for election at the same time (the senate is one of these) 15. A(n)___-_____ election is an election held between presidential elections
Questions 16. TheCongress meets in The _________ which sits up on a hill, the highest point in Washington, DC. 17. When a congressman or senator leaves office, who gets to pick his or her replacement?
The Legislative Branch-Congress V. Non legislative Powers A. Constitutional Amendments-2/3 vote in each house or national convention B. Electoral Duties C. Impeachment 1. the House votes impeachment (to bring to trial) 2. the Senate conducts the trial
Questions 18. There are _____Congressional districts in the US, with____in Pennsylvania and ____Congressional representatives from Pennsylvania . a) 435, 21, 19 b) 535, 19, 21 c) 270, 19, 19 d) 435, 19, 19
Questions 19. Which of the following powers does the Congress not possess? a) Regulate taxes b) Regulate interstate conflicts c) Nominate supreme court justices d) Naturalization laws
The Legislative Branch-Congress D. Executive Powers 1. Senate must confirm all major appointments made by the President 2. the Senate confirms all treaties made by the president
The Legislative Branch-Congress E. Investigatory Powers related to legislative powers 1. gather information 2. oversee the executive branch 3. focus public attention on an issue 4. expose questionable activities of public officials
Questions 20. Whatis the process of impeachment of the President by the Congress? a) A 2/3rds vote is held in the congress and the president undergoes a criminal trial by the supreme court b) A special election is held by which the president is judged by the people c) The Congress votes to impeach, and the senate holds a trial to convict d) The Senate must vote unanimously to impeach the president without a trial
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