Challenge and Opportunity: The Protocols for Native American Archival Materials

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Information about Challenge and Opportunity: The Protocols for Native American Archival...
Education

Published on February 16, 2014

Author: ladydoor

Source: slideshare.net

Description

This presentation examines materials related to the Protocols for Native American Archival Materials. It attempts to parse the differences in the socio-cultural frameworks of archival institutions and Native American peoples. The disconnect between traditional/indigenous knowledge systems and the Euro-centric mindsets of traditional archival institutions can be seen by comparing sources, ranging from international organizations to local communities. The paper finds that although many conversations have begun between archives and originating Native American communities, there is still much work to be done.

The Protocols for Native American Archival Materials Challenge and Opportunity

International Declarations • UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export, and Transfer of Ownership and Cultural Property (1970) • United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (1994)

Australia • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders Protocols for Libraries, Archives and Information Services (1995)

United States • Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act [NAGPRA] (1990)

Protocols for Native American Archival Materials • Developed by a group of 15 Native Americans, First Nation and Aboriginal information professionals, scholars and 4 non-native archivists at Northern Arizona University (2007) • Goal to develop best practices for culturally responsive care and use of American Indian archival material held by non-tribal organizations.

United States • Freedom of information is a basic right • Archives mission to collect and conserve cultural records

Native American Tribes • Knowledge is traditionally transmitted selectively within communities • Unique status as Sovereign Nations

Eurocentric Values Organized religions are widely recognized as sacred… • Knowledge found in religious texts: e.g. Torah, Bible, Qu’ran; • Items: e.g. rosaries, crucifixes, statues; • Rites: e.g. baptism, bris, Adhan …all these are mystical, but they are not private, not privileged, secret knowledge.

Indigenous Knowledge Systems Native communities would not willingly shared knowledge outside of their own people, let alone allow it to be on display, and freely accessible by the public in Western archives.

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