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Information about Ch7Sec2

Published on November 5, 2007

Author: Clarice


Magruder’s American Government:  © 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. Magruder’s American Government C H A P T E R 7 The Electoral Process C H A P T E R 7 The Electoral Process:  C H A P T E R 7 The Electoral Process SECTION 1 The Nominating Process SECTION 2 Elections SECTION 3 Money and Elections Chapter 7 2 3 1 S E C T I O N 2 Elections:  S E C T I O N 2 Elections How does the administration of elections in the United States make democracy work? What role do precincts and polling places play in the election process? In what ways can voters cast their ballots? What role do voting machines and other innovations play in the election process? Chapter 7, Section 2 3 1 The Administration of Elections:  Chapter 7, Section 2 3 1 The Administration of Elections Congress has the power to set the time, place, and manner of congressional and presidential elections. Congress has chosen the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November of every even-numbered year for congressional elections, with the presidential election being held the same day every fourth year. States determine the details of the election of thousands of State and local officials. Most States provide for absentee voting, for voters who are unable to get to their regular polling places on election day. Some States within the last few years have started to allow voting a few days before election day to increase voter participation. Elections are primarily regulated by State law, but there are some overreaching federal regulations. Precincts and Polling Places:  Precincts and Polling Places Precincts A precinct is a voting district. Precincts are the smallest geographic units used to carry out elections. A precinct election board supervises the voting process in each precinct. Chapter 7, Section 2 3 1 Polling Places A polling place is where the voters who live in a precinct go to vote. It is located in or near each precinct. Polling places are supposed to be located conveniently for voters. Casting the Ballot:  Casting the Ballot Voting was initially done orally. It was considered “manly” to speak out your vote without fear of reprisal. Paper ballots began to be used in the mid-1800s. At first, people provided their own ballots. Then, political machines began to take advantage of the flexibility of the process to intimidate, buy, or manufacture votes. In the late 1800s, ballot reforms cleaned up ballot fraud by supplying standardized, accurate ballots and mandating that voting be secret. Chapter 7, Section 2 3 1 History of the Ballot Office-Group and Party-Column Ballots:  Office-Group and Party-Column Ballots Chapter 7, Section 2 3 1 Voting Machines and Innovations:  Voting Machines and Innovations Chapter 7, Section 2 3 1 Electronic vote counting has been in use since the 1960s. Punch-card ballots are often used to cast votes. Vote-by-mail elections have come into use in recent years. Online voting is a trend that may be encountered in the near future. Section 2 Review:  Section 2 Review 1. Elections are held on (a) the first Wednesday after Halloween. (b) the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. (c) the second Thursday after the first Monday in March. (d) the first Monday in December. 2. The Office-Group Ballot encourages (a) voter fraud. (b) split-ticket voting. (c) voter dissatisfaction. (d) the Democratic Party. Chapter 7, Section 2 Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this section? Click Here! 3 1

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