Ch6LearningLiteracyS kills

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Published on April 3, 2008

Author: SatishPatel

Source: authorstream.com

Learning Literacy Skills:  Learning Literacy Skills Young learners development of reading and writing skills. Ch 6 Teaching Languages to Young Learners by Lynne Cameron By the end of this presentation, you will have an understanding of::  By the end of this presentation, you will have an understanding of: how reading and writing skills develop for children learning English as a foreign language how this knowledge can be applied to the learning of English as a foreign language Skilled readers operate using certain information:  Skilled readers operate using certain information When reading a text we use: visual, phonological and semantic information The cognitive and language processes of literacy operate with knowledge and skills at many different levels…:  The cognitive and language processes of literacy operate with knowledge and skills at many different levels… …we use knowledge from the levels of: the world text sentences words syllables (spoken) morphemes (written) sound - letters Difficulties from children's point of view::  Difficulties from children's point of view: Written and spoken language differ in its social context of use. Written text has only support from previous knowledge, spoken language has more meaning-supportive context. Spelling of English does not offer a natural match between written and spoken forms. Literacy is both social and cognitive:  Literacy is both social and cognitive For achieving successful literacy: children must integrate information from each level into a larger process for making sense of a written text. Literacy skills are learnt from all around, and reading and writing are essentially about understanding. Literacy skills broadens as children gradually develop more understanding of how other people think and function, they develop empathy with others. How to support children in mastering the demands of literacy:  How to support children in mastering the demands of literacy Give enough support Be supportive when children move from very contextualised use of language to more isolated, disembedded information in written texts. Teach appropriate spelling conventions and about text organisation. Different strategies are needed for becoming an independent reader:  Different strategies are needed for becoming an independent reader Children need to acquire a wide range of strategies for making sense of different kind of texts. One strategy which suits when dealing with long, unfamiliar words; braking up words into bits ex. wheelchair – wheel chair. This could be done by scaffolding, allowing the child to become more independent. Or by using ZPD, zone of proximal development, for ultimate challenging. Factors effecting learning to read in English as a foreign language are::  Factors effecting learning to read in English as a foreign language are: The nature of the written forms of the 1:st language The learners previous experience in 1:st language literacy The learners knowledge of the 1:st language The learners age Factors effecting learning to read in English as a foreign language::  Factors effecting learning to read in English as a foreign language: Some knowledge are transferable from 1:st L to 2:nd L. BUT, young learners literacy knowledge and skills are only partly developed for the 1:st language It is possible that they will mix knowledge, skills and strategies between languages. Despite which method you use…:  Despite which method you use… …plan for activities where sounds, reading and writing reinforce each other. Also, make the activities meaningful for the children. …Teaching reading and writing can start at any level of a written message from words, sounds or sentences Teaching approaches::  Teaching approaches: Whole words (Kiwi) Phonics teaching Language experience (LTG) Emergent literacy (natural development) Children's learning starts early:  Children's learning starts early Examples of Emergent literacy Enjoy texts being read! Learn personal sentences… Learn words by sight… Use rhymes, chants and songs Discover the letters’ names, sounds and shapes. Factors for teaching reading and writing…:  Factors for teaching reading and writing… Phonologic awareness is necessary and starts developing early in a childes life Word knowledge is important Both top-down and bottom-up approaches are needed to learn reading and writing. Being able to use and understand several genres is an important educational goal, that will empower children for adult life. Summary:  We have now discussed Different levels of understanding a text Factors effecting learning to read and write in English as a foreign language. Different approaches in teaching reading and writing. Summary

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