ch33

63 %
38 %
Information about ch33
Education

Published on January 25, 2008

Author: Urban

Source: authorstream.com

A PEOPLE and A NATION SIXTH EDITION Norton · Katzman · Blight · Chudacoff · Paterson · Tuttle · Escott:  A PEOPLE and A NATION SIXTH EDITION Norton · Katzman · Blight · Chudacoff · Paterson · Tuttle · Escott Chapter 33: Prosperity, Power, and Peril: America in the 1990s Ch. 33: Prosperity, Power, & Peril: America in the 1990s:  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Ch. 33: Prosperity, Power, & Peril: America in the 1990s Economic growth (post-1991), but also violence (OK City, 1995; Columbine, 1999) Politics volatile with cynicism, third parties, partisanship (attack ads), impeachment With end of Cold War, USA is only military and economic superpower, but world is unstable Ethnic wars, economic crises, environment Americans and foreigners debate proper role of USA in world I. The Presidency of George Bush (1989–93):  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. I. The Presidency of George Bush (1989–93) Gridlock between Bush (many vetoes) and Democratic Congress; big exception is Disabilities Act of 1990 Recession (1989–91): gap between rich and poor widens; outsourcing, moving plants abroad, and new technology "downsizes" many jobs Healthcare crisis creates further anxiety (rising costs/premiums, 13% lack insurance) Job insecurity increases anger at immigrants II. Bush's Failed Promises:  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. II. Bush's Failed Promises In 1990, breaks 1988 pledge not to raise taxes Not much leadership on education either, and his Administration guts environmental safeguards Like Reagan, Bush wants conservatives on Supreme Court, but Thomas creates furor Lacks experience; sexual harassment charges These problems and Bush's failure to respond to economic crisis undermine his presidency III. The End of the Cold War:  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. III. The End of the Cold War Gorbachev's reforms within USSR and in foreign policy (no longer prop up unpopular governments) set off changes that end Cold War E. Germans topple government (1989); 2 Germanys unite (1990); Communist governments collapse in E. Europe USSR disintegrates (1991) into Russia and other countries as Gorbachev loses power Key to end is relative decline of USA/USSR in international system IV. Why the Cold War Ended:  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. IV. Why the Cold War Ended Four reasons: 1) Arms race and interventions cost trillions and starve domestic needs (infrastructure, ed) 2) Allies (Fr, China) challenge 2 superpowers 3) Emergence of 3rd World diffuses power 4) Worldwide antinuclear movement All 4 gradually push USA/ USSR to détente to restore economy and preserve power Bush claims victory; critics see no winners V. START Treaties; Tiananmen Square (1989):  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. V. START Treaties; Tiananmen Square (1989) START I (1991) reduces long-range nuclear weapons by 1/3; START II (1993) cuts levels by another 50% and eliminates MIRV ICBMs Bush maintains high defense budgets and overseas interventions; no "peace dividend" In response to China's slaughter of pro-democracy protesters; Bush limits protests Bush asserts trade and security are priority VI. Peace & War in Latin America:  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. VI. Peace & War in Latin America Bush withdraws from some interventions Central American presidents end Nicaraguan civil war (1989); UN ends civil wars in El Salvador (1991) and Guatemala (1996) NAFTA (1992–94) boosts North American trade; poverty and debt still plague Latin America Bush invades Panama (1989) to topple former Cold War ally Noriega over drug trade VII. Persian Gulf War (1990–91):  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. VII. Persian Gulf War (1990–91) Hussein of Iraq (Cold War ally in 1980s) invades Kuwait and threatens Saudi Arabia Bush intervenes and builds UN coalition to oust Hussein from Iraqi with 1991 Desert Storm War boosts US self-confidence, but critics charge war primarily for access to cheap oil Hussein remains in power, although loses some of his chemical and nuclear weapons VIII. Africa:  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. VIII. Africa Facing US sanctions and internal unrest, South Africa (1990) begins to end apartheid Mandela becomes first black president (1994) Bush intervenes in Somalia (1992) to help with famine relieve, but US forces withdraw (1994) when get caught in internal war Some Cold War allies (Panama, Somalia) assert that US aid slows with end of Cold War IX. Election of 1992:  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. IX. Election of 1992 Republican coalition of 1980s weakens without Reagan, Cold War, and strong economy GDP growth 1989–92 is slowest since 1930s Unemployment grows; median income falls US Government, states, cities, and corps suffer debt Bush's popularity plummets; corruption scandals hurt Congress (House bank, S & L's) Anti-incumbent sentiment rises IX. Election of 1992 (cont.):  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. IX. Election of 1992 (cont.) Clinton promotes himself as "New Democrat" Moves to right to appeal to Reagan Democrats, white suburbanites (50% of pop) and business Tough on crime; reform welfare; expands access to healthcare and education Billionaire Perot (Independent) appeals to voters angry with Republicans and Democrats and lobbyists Bush stumbles in response to huge L.A. Riots X. Clinton's Victory:  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. X. Clinton's Victory Democrats sweep New England, West Coast, and much of Midwest; do well in South Highest voter turnout (55%) since 1976 Republican coalition fractures, but Clinton wins only 43% of vote as Perot garners 19% More women and people of color win seats in Congress; baby boomers arrive in US Government Bush then pardons Iran-contra felons XI. Clinton's Economic Proposals:  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. XI. Clinton's Economic Proposals Paradox of Clinton: smart, but undisciplined Acts quickly on economy and healthcare, but also compromises (homosexuals and military) By raising taxes on rich, corps, and middle class, and by cutting military, Clinton reduces government deficit by $83 billion in his first year Deficits continue to drop throughout 1990s as economy recovers (increases tax revenue) XII. Legislative Successes (1993–94) and Defeats:  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. XII. Legislative Successes (1993–94) and Defeats Breaks gridlock: Family and Medical Leave Act, gun control, crime bill, and NAFTA Makes Supreme Court less conservative with Ginsburg and Breyer, but Court still divided Powerful business/insurance lobbies crush Clinton's proposal for healthcare reform Defeat also reflects controversial aspects of Bill and Hillary (character, Whitewater) XIII. Gingrich and 1994 "Republican Revolution":  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. XIII. Gingrich and 1994 "Republican Revolution" Gingrich crafts strategy for Republicans to gain control of Congress via Contract with America Channels anti-incumbent views of "angry white men" to elect conservative Republicans Demands reversal of past-60 years of US Government policy by dismantling welfare state Republicans win both houses of Congress for first time since 1954 as well as many state governments XIV. Hostility to Government & Political Alienation:  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. XIV. Hostility to Government & Political Alienation OK City bombing (1995) reflects deep-seated anger of some whites toward US Government Paramilitaries, tax resisters, and Aryan-supremacist groups thrive on hatred and fear Hostility to government is not new (origins with US Revolution), but anger grows after Vietnam and as Reagan lambastes government as "the problem" Scandals and attack ads alienate voters XV. Failures & Successes of Republican Revolution:  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. XV. Failures & Successes of Republican Revolution Gingrich and 104th Congress offend voters by cutting popular middle-class programs (SS, Medicare, education, environment, safety) US Government shutdowns (1995–96) anger voters; see Republicans as extremists and Clinton as moderate Congress and Clinton agree on Farm Act (1996) and welfare reform; alter programs dating back to New Deal with new limits and restrictions XVI. Election of 1996:  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. XVI. Election of 1996 Republican Revolution recasts politics as many (including Clinton) agree US Government cannot fix all problems and to return some powers to states Women voters key to Clinton's reelection; see cuts of Republican Congress as hurting families Clinton is first Democrat since Franklin Roosevelt to win reelection Attack ads by both parties cut voter turnout to 49% (lowest level since WWII) XVII. Clinton's Foreign Policy :  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. XVII. Clinton's Foreign Policy Focuses on economic expansion, democracy, environment, but also reacts to foreign crises Clinton maintains large military, an active CIA, and many interventions (Table 33.1*) As Yugoslavia divides, ethnic wars spread; Serbian atrocities on Muslims in Bosnia USA brokers fragile peace (1995) and sends troops for NATO peacekeeping force *A People & a Nation, Sixth Edition XVII. Clinton's Foreign Policy (cont.):  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. XVII. Clinton's Foreign Policy (cont.) Debates within USA and within NATO Clinton asserts that USA must uphold its ideals abroad as world's "best peacemaker" Bombs Serbia (1999) to stop atrocities against Albanians (Kosovo); US troops join NATO force there after Serbia withdraws US-Russian relations rocky: START III (1997) cuts arms; NATO expands east (1999) XVIII. Arab-Israel; Rwanda; Haiti & Cuba:  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. XVIII. Arab-Israel; Rwanda; Haiti & Cuba USA is active to broker peace between PLO and Israel; peace process moves in fits & starts 1993: Palestinian self-rule (Gaza/Jericho) Ethnic wars plague Africa too; USA/UN do not act to stop Hutu slaughter of Tutsis (1994) USA acts to remove military government in Haiti (1994), but disorder remains; Congress increases pressures on Cuba (1996); allies disapprove XIX. Trade Expansion & Globalization:  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. XIX. Trade Expansion & Globalization Clinton argues strong foreign trade is key to US prosperity and world stability (NAFTA) Emphasizes opening foreign markets to US exports; tries to reduce US trade deficit With China, separates human rights and trade World Trade Organization (WTO, 1994) is a symbol of globalization Main body regulating world trade; labor and environmental groups see it as dangerous XIX. Trade Expansion & Globalization (cont.):  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. XIX. Trade Expansion & Globalization (cont.) USA and International Monetary Fund (IMF) rescue struggling economies (Mexico, Russia, Indonesia), but impose budget/financial reforms that many resent Trade causes disputes with European Union US trade deficit causes friction with Japan; tensions ease when Japan's economy falters Corporations praise end of US embargo on Vietnam (1994) and new diplomatic ties (1995) XX. Weapons of Mass Destruction:  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. XX. Weapons of Mass Destruction Global arms sales accelerate (1990s); USA is largest arms merchant (Figure 33.1) Americans debate whether arms trade helps deter war or contributes to global instability Nuclear proliferation occurs as Pakistan and India become nuclear powers (1998) USA fears terrorists or "rogue" nations gaining (nuclear/ bio/ chemical) weapons XXI. Environmental Crises; Rights for Women:  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. XXI. Environmental Crises; Rights for Women Clinton places greater stress (than Bush) on international treaties for environment, but Republican Senate often refuses to ratify Biodiversity Treaty; Global Warming Convention Even with slowing fertility, world population tops 6 billion (1999); creates many problems 70% of world's poor are women; USA and UN promote women's rights in 1990s XXII. Globalization of US Culture; Information War:  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. XXII. Globalization of US Culture; Information War Exports of US culture (entertainment, sports, fashion, businesses) surge in 1990s Foreign reaction divides; many crave US culture; others resent challenge to traditions Preeminent in high-tech, USA destroys Serb communications (1999) with smart bombs US leaders claim US global activism benefits everyone, but many others disagree XXIII. Clinton's Second Term: Scandal, Impeachment:  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. XXIII. Clinton's Second Term: Scandal, Impeachment Scandals taint Clinton from start: marital infidelity; Whitewater (Starr begins, 1994) Starr expands investigations into other areas; in 1998 wants Congress to impeach Clinton Late 1998, House votes for impeachment on charges of perjury and obstruction of justice Only second time in history of US Constitution Senate fails to remove Clinton (early 1999) XXIV. Clinton's Second Term: Political Survival:  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. XXIV. Clinton's Second Term: Political Survival Bitter partisanship infuses impeachment fight as well as national politics Little important legislation passes in 1999 Partisanship and gridlock alienates voters (polls: clear majority rejects impeachment) House majority drops (1998); Gingrich quits In 1996, only 19% express confidence in US Government (1964 = 76%); 64% do not vote in 1998 Summary: Discuss Legacy & How Do Historians Know:  Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Summary: Discuss Legacy & How Do Historians Know Why is the internet a central legacy of 1990s? Central to US economic boom and to growing globalization (90% of world internet traffic in English) Perils (isolation; Y2K costs $100 billion) HDHK box, p. 975*: how does new DNA technology prove Clinton's relationship with Lewinsky? Confesses only after DNA tests (1998) *A People and a Nation, Sixth Edition

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

CH33 - Carl Hansen & Søn

Der CH33 ist ein zeitgemäßer Klassiker, dessen schlichte Linienführung an die Formensprache der 1950er und 60er Jahre erinnert. Das Sitzpolster ist mit ...
Read more

Chair by Hans J Wegner - CH33 - Carl Hansen & Søn

Experience Hans J. Wegners CH33 dining chair. Discover Carl Hansen & Søns range of iconic furniture pieces expertly crafted in Denmark.
Read more

CH33 von Carl Hansen & Søn | Restaurantstühle | Architonic

CH33 von Carl Hansen & Søn auf Architonic! Hier finden Sie Bilder & Informationen sowie Händler, Kontakt- und Anfrageoptionen für CH33.
Read more

CH33 Stuhl - wohngefaehrten.de

Bei dem Stuhlmodell CH33 kommen viele für Hans J. Wegner charakteristische Designaspekte zum Ausdruck. Der leicht und elegant wirkende Stuhl eignet sich ...
Read more

Stuhl CH33 von Carl Hansen - dieter-horn.de

Versandkostenfrei online bestellen: Stuhl CH33 von Carl Hansen. Komfortabler, zeitloser Stuhl mit klaren Linien aus der Feder des Designers Hans J. Wegner.
Read more

CH33 Stuhl von Carl Hansen im Wohndesign-Shop

CH33 Stuhl von Carl Hansen - der Stuhlklassiker aus Holz mit Ledersitzpolster von Hans J. Wegner jetzt im Wohndesign-Shop
Read more

Maßstabseinheit SR77, CH33 - kuchel.de

SR77, CH33 Bedienungsanleitung Maßstabseinheit Lesen Sie die ganze Anleitung vor dem Betrieb aufmerksam durch und folgen Sie beim Betrieb des Geräts den ...
Read more

CH33 - Hegewald & Peschke

CH33-**NPMA: cable; PVC; MItsubishi controller side with coupling connector. Discontinued: Advice: Product code. Type. Description. 97950946. CH33-03CPD.
Read more

Chair CH33 by Carl Hansen - dieter-horn.de

Order now online: chair CH33 by Carl Hansen. Comfortable, timeless chair with clear lines from the pen of the designer Hans J. Wegner.
Read more

6 für 5 Angebote von Carl Hansen im Shop

Designklassiker im 6 für 5 Angebot. Die CH33 und CH88 Stühle von Carl Hansen sind Designklassiker deren zeitloses Design von Hans J. Wegner, Mitte des 20.
Read more