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Information about ch15_sec3

Published on January 5, 2009

Author: aSGuest9132


Slide 1: Preview Main Idea / Reading Focus Catholicism in the 1400s Martin Luther The Spread of Protestantism Faces of History: John Calvin Protestantism Spreads to England Map: Spread of Protestantism The Protestant Reformation Slide 2: Reading Focus What was the state of Catholicism in the 1400s? How did Martin Luther challenge the Catholic Church? How did Protestantism spread to other areas? What were the effects of the Reformation in England? Main Idea Criticism of the Roman Catholic Church led to a religious movement called the Protestant Reformation and brought changes in religion and politics across Europe. The Protestant Reformation Slide 3: Roman Catholic Church—influential, extravagant, and worldly Some people felt church straying from spiritual roots Concerns crystallized into the Protestant Reformation Catholicism in the 1400s Slide 4: Early Reformers Slide 5: Summarize What conditions led to the Protestant Reformation? Answer(s): Church's financial corruption; immorality; abuse of power Slide 6: Martin Luther’s public criticism of the church in 1517 marks the symbolical beginning of the Protestant Reformation. Martin Luther Slide 7: Empowered the People Insisted that individual Christians should be own interpreters of scripture, Christian practices should come only from Bible To aid this process, Luther translated Bible into German Translation allowed more people to read Bible without aid of clergy Luther’s Message Following publication of theses, Luther continued to study, debate Contradicted basic Catholic beliefs, insisted God’s grace cannot be won by good works; faith alone needed 1519, declared only head of Christian Church was Jesus, not pope Slide 8: Church’s Response 1520, Pope Leo X expelled Luther from the Church 1521, Luther summoned to appear before Holy Roman emperor Charles V Edict of Worms Emperor handed down Edict of Worms Declared Luther to be outlaw, condemned his writings Luther’s ideas spread German Diet Luther appeared before emperor, German Diet, or assembly, at city of Worms Refused to change opinions Protestant 1529, Charles V tried to suppress Lutherans in Germany German princes issued protestatio, protest, against this Term Protestant came from this Reactions to Luther Slide 9: Identify Supporting Details Describe the ideas of Martin Luther and how they contradicted the church’s teachings of his day. Answer(s): God's grace cannot be won by good works but by faith; leader of church is Jesus, not pope; people can interpret scripture; practices come from Bible; challenged Catholic practices and the authority of the pope Slide 10: When the disagreement between Swiss Protestants and Catholics erupted into war, Zwingli was a casualty. He died in battle in 1531. Luther’s stand against the church opened the door for others Differing ideas on religious matters put forth. As Lutheranism arose in Germany, new religious movements began in Switzerland and other places in Europe. The Spread of Protestantism Slide 11: Background John Calvin most important Protestant reformer next to Martin Luther Educated in France, influenced by Erasmus, Renaissance humanists Supported reforms of Luther in Germany People Sinful by Nature Geneva became theocracy under Calvin; strict laws regulated behavior Strictness at heart of Calvinism’s appeal, gave sense of mission, discipline Calvinists making world fit for “elect” who had been chosen for salvation Influenced by Augustine Preached doctrine of predestination God knows who will be saved, guides lives of those destined for salvation Nothing humans can do, good or bad, will change predestined end John Calvin Slide 13: John Knox Spokesman for the Reformation in Scotland Knox’s Reformed Church replaced Roman Catholic Church Laid groundwork for later Presbyterian denomination Anabaptists Different beliefs about baptism; insisted on rebaptizing adults Crime punishable by death at that time Anabaptist Church evolved into Hutterites, the Mennonites, and the Amish Mennonites Other Reformers Slide 14: Make Generalizations How did the ideas of reformers who came after Luther differ from those of Luther? Answer(s): some were more radical; included ideas of theocracy, predestination Slide 15: Protestant Reformation began with criticisms of the Catholic Church by priests and other religious thinkers. Reformation began with the king in England Protestantism Spreads to England Slide 16: Henry Takes Over Reformation Parliament declared that England no longer considered itself under authority of pope Henry became head of Church of England Act of Supremacy Anne Boleyn and Henry secretly married; marriage to Catherine annulled Later that year Anne gave birth to daughter, Elizabeth Act of Supremacy passed; Henry VIII “Supreme Head of Church of England” Church of England Henry changed rituals of church very little Closed Catholic monasteries, convents, distributed much of land to nobles This built more public support for split from Catholic Church The Reformation Parliament Slide 17: Third wife, Jane Seymour gave England male heir, Edward VI 1547, Edward VI took throne, age 9 Protestantism gained more ground under guidance of his guardians Edward died young; sister, Mary became queen of England Henry’s Heirs Slide 19: Summarize What caused the Reformation to spread to England? Answer(s): the desire of Henry VIII to annul his marriage

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