Ch12 Intro

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Published on January 5, 2009

Author: duez

Source: slideshare.net

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Italian Renaissance

The Mona Lisa the prototype of the Renaissance portrait Chapter 12 “Renaissance & Reformation” 1300 - 1600

 

The Duomo, a Renaissance Church in Florence, Italy. Contains artwork by many important Renaissance Artists Brunelleschi’s Dome Giotto’s Belltower

A Rebirth

The Italian Renaissance The word renaissance means rebirth.  The Italian Renaissance, which spread to the rest of Europe, occurred between 1350 and 1550.  The rebirth was of the ancient Greek and Roman worlds.

The word renaissance means rebirth. 

The Italian Renaissance, which spread to the rest of Europe, occurred between 1350 and 1550. 

The rebirth was of the ancient Greek and Roman worlds.

The Italian Renaissance Power of the church declines.  Society recovers from plagues and instability of Middle Ages  A new view of human beings : emphasized individual ability & worth emerge.

Power of the church declines. 

Society recovers from plagues and instability of Middle Ages 

A new view of human beings : emphasized individual ability & worth emerge.

The Italian Renaissance Milan, Venice, Florence – 3 Great Renaissance cities  Flourished during the crusades and continue shipping & trading.  Italy was a target for invasion from European countries.

Milan, Venice, Florence –

3 Great Renaissance cities 

Flourished during the crusades and continue shipping & trading. 

Italy was a target for invasion from European countries.

 

Advances in Representation & Perspective

Luca Carlevaris , The Pier & the Ducal Palace P. 376 http://www.artunframed.com/images/artmis2/carlevaris99.jpg

Michelangelo Two of his best known works: Pieta David

Two of his best known works:

Pieta

David

Pieta This famous work of art depicts the body of Jesus on the lap of his mother Mary after the Crucifixion.

This famous work of art depicts the body of Jesus on the lap of his mother Mary after the Crucifixion.

Michelangelo: The Early Years

St. Peter’s Basilica Burial Site of Saint Peter, one of Jesus’ twelve apostles. It occupies a "unique position" as one of the holiest sites and as "the greatest of all churches of Christendom." Many popes buried there. As a piece of architecture – it is regarded as the greatest of it’s time.

Burial Site of Saint Peter, one of Jesus’ twelve apostles.

It occupies a "unique position" as one of the holiest sites and as "the greatest of all churches of Christendom."

Many popes buried there.

As a piece of architecture – it is regarded as the greatest of it’s time.

 

Michelangelo – St. Peter’s

David 17 foot marble statue portrays the Biblical King David in the nude, at the moment that he decides to battle with Goliath.

17 foot marble statue portrays the Biblical King David in the nude, at the moment that he decides to battle with Goliath.

Michelangelo – Sistine Chapel

The Italian Renaissance Charles I ends the Italian wars  Sacks Rome in 1527, pillaging the town.  Spanish influence becomes the dominate force in Italy.

Charles I ends the Italian wars 

Sacks Rome in 1527, pillaging the town. 

Spanish influence becomes the dominate force in Italy.

Renaissance Part II

The Italian Renaissance Secularism : not religious  2. Individuality : quest for perfection  3. Humanism : Based on the study of the classics of Greece and Rome

Secularism : not religious 

Video & Questions Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo da Vinci

Machiavelli: “ The Prince” A book about how to acquire and keep political power.

Renaissance Society Serfdom decreased with the decline of the manorial system.  Patricians- wealthy merchants Burghers – artisans/shopkeepers Workers – pitiful wages Poor = 85 to 90 % of the total European population, except in highly urban centers. 

Serfdom decreased with the decline of the manorial system. 

Patricians- wealthy merchants

Burghers – artisans/shopkeepers

Workers – pitiful wages

Poor = 85 to 90 % of the total European population, except in highly urban centers. 

The Renaissance: Emphasis on Individual “… with freedom of choice and with honor, …you may fashion yourself in whatever shape you shall prefer.” -- Pico della Mirandola, Renaissance Philosopher, in Oration on the Dignity of Man

Nobles Should Have: Talent Character & Grace The Italian Baldassare Castiglione The Book of the Courtier. 

Nobles Should Have:

Talent

Character

& Grace

The Italian Baldassare Castiglione The Book of the Courtier. 

Characteristics of a Noble 1. born, not made 2. had to develop two basic skills a. military skills b. classical education 3. Needed to follow a certain standard of conduct

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