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Ch10_2e

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Published on December 22, 2008

Author: aSGuest7694

Source: authorstream.com

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Slide 1: 10-1 CANADIAN BUSINESS AND THE LAW Second Edition by Dorothy Duplessis Steven Enman Shannon O’Byrne Sally Gunz Presentation prepared by Allan Elliott, Southern Alberta Institute of Technology CHAPTER TEN INTRODUCTION TO TORT LAW : 10-2 CHAPTER TEN INTRODUCTION TO TORT LAW OBJECTIVES: The broad scope of tort law The difference between a civil action and a criminal action The purpose of tort remedies How business can manage its potential liability in tort TORT LAW DEFINED : 10-3 TORT LAW DEFINED TORT a harm caused by one person to another, other than through breach of contract, and for which the law provides a remedy HOW TORTS ARE CATEGORIZED intentional torts – a harmful act that is committed on purpose assault – the threat of imminent physical harm battery – nonconsensual physical contact that violates an individual’s bodily security TORT LAW DEFINED : 10-4 TORT LAW DEFINED NEGLIGENCE unreasonable conduct, including a careless act or omission, that causes harm to another tort-feasor – a person who commits a tort STATUTORY CHANGES TO TORT LAW certain legislation, such as Worker’s Compensation legislation, provides no-fault compensation for injuries, instead of a right to sue in tort TORT LAW DEFINED : 10-5 TORT LAW DEFINED TORT LAW AND CRIMINAL LAW Type of Action assault and battery as tort Commencing the Action claim based on tort of assault and battery Proving the Action must prove on the balance of probabilities Outcome pay compensation for injuries caused Type of Action aggravated assault as a crime Commencing the Action Crown Attorney prosecutes crime Proving the Action Crown must prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt Outcome fine, imprisonment, or both LIABILITY IN TORT : 10-6 LIABILITY IN TORT PRIMARY AND VICARIOUS LIABILITY Two kinds of liability in tort law: primary vicarious liability – the liability of an employer for the tortious acts of an employee committed in the normal course of employment LIABILITY IN TORT : 10-7 LIABILITY IN TORT LIABILITY AND JOINT TORT-FEASORS Joint tort-feasors – two or more persons whom a court has held to be jointly responsible for the plaintiff’s loss or injuries LIABILITY IN TORT : 10-8 LIABILITY IN TORT LIABILITY AND CONTRIBUTORY NEGLIGENCE Contributory Negligence – a defence claiming that the plaintiff is at least partially responsible for the harm that has occurred DAMAGES IN TORT : 10-9 DAMAGES IN TORT PURPOSE OF DAMAGES to compensate a victim for loss caused by the defendant Damages pecuniary damages – compensation for out-of-pocket expenses, such as loss of future income and the cost of future care nonpecuniary damages – compensation for pain and suffering, loss of enjoyment of life, and loss of life expectancy LIABILITY IN TORT : 10-10 LIABILITY IN TORT DAMAGES IN TORT punitive damages (also known as exemplary damages) – compensation awarded to the plaintiff to punish the defendant for particularly offensive behaviour aggravated damages – compensation for intangible injuries such as distress and humiliation caused by the defendant’s reprehensible conduct MANAGING TORT RISK : 10-11 MANAGING TORT RISK RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN SHOULD INCLUDE: 1. careful hiring of employees and continuing training programs for them 2. reduce risks through maintenance and safety programs 3. transfer the risk by use of insurance to cover liability

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