CH02_4_The_present_tense_of_regular_ar_verbs

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Published on March 9, 2014

Author: daniellerichards

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PowerPoint Presentation: Verbs in the present tense (Los verbos en el tiempo presente) First conjugation: -ar The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb: The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb The infinitiv e : The basic, unconjugated form, the one that corresponds to the English “to do” (something). For example, to speak, to work, to sing, etc. The Spanish infinitive always ends in r 1 The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb: The Spanish infinitive always ends in r habla r come r escribi r canta r aprende r lee r sali r conoce r costa r corre r finaliza r freí r The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb: 2 The ending : The last two letters of the infinitive . The ending always consists of two letters . The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb: habl ar com er escrib ir cant ar aprend er le er hablar comer escribir cantar aprender leer The ending always consists of two letters salir conocer costar correr finalizar freír sal ir conoc er cost ar corr er finaliz ar fre ír ar ar ar ar er er er er er ir ir ir There are three types or categories of verbs in Spanish: those that end in ar , those that end in er , and those that end in ir The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb: 3 The stem or root : Whatever is left after removing the ending from the infinitive . The stem can consist of a variable number of letters, depending on the length of the verb in question. The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb: The infinitive – the ending = the stem sal ir conoc er cost ar corr er finaliz ar fre ír habl ar com er escrib ir cant ar aprend er le er The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb The fundamental parts of the verb : The infinitive : The basic, unconjugated form of the verb . estudiar The fundamental parts of the verb 1 2 The ending : The last two letters of the infinitive . 3 The stem : What is left after taking the ending from the infinitive . ar estudi ¡No te olvides! Don't forget! PowerPoint Presentation: When we conjugate any verb we always begin with its stem . To conjugate : To put a verb in its correct person and number so that we know who is doing the action. Verb conjugation PowerPoint Presentation: The following verbs are regular - ar verbs and are conjugated according to the pattern in the following slides. hablar to speak ayudar to help bailar to dance buscar to look for caminar to walk comprar to buy Verbs of the 1 st conjugation (- ar ) conversar to converse enseñar to teach escuchar to listen estudiar to study llegar to arrive mirar to look at nadar to swim necesitar to need preparar to prepare regresar to return tomar to take or to drink trabajar to work viajar to travel PowerPoint Presentation: hablar habl o as a habl amos habl áis habl an Verbs of the 1 st conjugation (- ar ) All persons and numbers are based on the stem. yo tú Ud. él ella nosotros/as vosotros/as ellos ellas habl a habl an Uds. habl habl PowerPoint Presentation: trabajar trabaj o as a trabaj amos trabaj áis trabaj an Verbs of the 1 st conjugation (- ar ) yo tú Ud. él ella nosotros/as vosotros/as ellos ellas trabaj a trabaj an Uds. trabaj trabaj PowerPoint Presentation: buscar busc o as a busc amos busc áis busc an Verbs of the 1 st conjugation (- ar ) yo tú Ud. él ella nosotros/as vosotros/as ellos ellas busc a busc an Uds. busc busc PowerPoint Presentation: estudiar estudi o as a estudi amos estudi áis estudi an Verbs of the 1 st conjugation (- ar ) yo tú Ud. él ella nosotros/as vosotros/as ellos ellas estudi a estudi an Uds. estudi estudi PowerPoint Presentation: Verb usage The Spanish present indicative tense has several equivalents in English. As in English, it can express present habitual actions: Estudiamos español en la universidad. We study Spanish at the university. But, unlike English, it can also express ongoing actions: En este momento estudiamos en la biblioteca. Right now we’re studying in the library. It can even express future actions: Esta noche estudiamos para el examen. Tonight we will study for the exam. PowerPoint Presentation:  estudio estudiamos estudias estudiáis estudia estudian estudia estudian La biblioteca es un buen lugar para estudiar . Verb forms that refer to people that are within the conversation flip to their “opposite” form. ¿Qué estudias? Estudio matemáticas. ¿Qué estudias tú? PowerPoint Presentation:  estudio estudiamos estudias estudiáis estudia estudian estudia estudian La biblioteca es un buen lugar para estudiar . Verb forms that refer to people that are outside the conversation do not change. ¿Qué estudia Juan? Estudia filosofía. FIN: FIN

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