Published on March 13, 2009
Foundations & Affects of Globalization Chapter 5
Vocabulary Imperialism Historical Globalization Mercantilism Grand Exchange Industrial Revolution
The Beginning of Globalization
The Silk Road
One Theory… First Round: Goods and ideas were exchanged along ancient trade routes. Second Round: Growing out of the first round, the second began in the 1400’s. New ideas and technologies enabled European travel to new places. Much of the second round was related to Imperialism. Third Round: Where we are now; this round began following WWII. Page 117
IMPERIALISM: One country’s domination over another country’s economic, political and cultural institutions.
EUROCENTRISM A form of ethnocentrism (being centered on one’s own culture as the only valid one) that uses European ethnic, national, religious and linguistic criteria to judge other peoples and their cultures. European imperial rule was dominated by eurocentrism.
Historical Globalization “The Second Round” Begins around 1492 with what event? Associated with imperialism and eurocentrism.
Roots of Historical Globalization The Rise of a European Middle Class
Roots Continued… New Ideas & Technologies i. Johannes Gutenberg ii. The lateen iii. The magnetic compass iv. Gunpowder
Roots Continued… Global Competition for Trade Mercantilism: a policy followed by European imperial powers from the 16th to 19th century. In colonies, trade was strictly restricted to benefit the economy of the imperial power. It worked because of powerful armed forces, strong navies and merchant marine fleets.
From Mercantilism to Capitalism 1776: The American Revolution (A.K.A. The American War of Independence) & Adam Smith Wealth Of Nations
So... Columbus, Imperialism & Eurocentrism + Rise of a European Middle Class + New Ideas and Technologies + Global Competition for Trade = Historical Globalization
Affects of Historical Globalization Migration Slavery Trade Death
Dividing up the World: Imperialism, Migration & Displacement
The Slave Routes Page 128-129
The Grand Exchange Sunflowers, Corn, Tomatoes, Vanilla, Spices, Pineapple, Potatoes, Chilli Peppers, Beans, Coffee
Industrialization & Social Change 1750: Mechanization of Manufacturing 1750-1850: Industrial Revolution
Points of View John Stuart Mill Tunde Obadina Jimmie Durham Page 133
“When viewed as a single process, the European consumption of tribal society could be said to represent the greatest, most persistent act of human destructiveness ever recorded.” (M. Cocker, 1998, as cited in Gardner & Lavold, 2007, p. 125)
To what extent did early globalization affect peoples of the world? Page 135 “[The] process of colonization did not end with the arrival of European people but persisted as European goods...technology...and...beliefs perpetuated the process of invasion. Globalization threatens to accelerate this process of colonization.” (Smith & Ward, as cited in Gardner & Lavold, 2007, p. 135)
Think about it… Is cultural imperialism just another form of colonization? Page 123
Understanding Chapter 5: Music Analysis What messages do these songs contain about the ways historical globalization affected peoples of the world? Public Enemy “Timebomb” The Clash “White Riot” Bob Marley “Buffalo Soldier” Paul Revere and the Raiders “Indian Reservation”
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