Ch 19

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Information about Ch 19
Entertainment

Published on October 1, 2007

Author: Simo

Source: authorstream.com

Slide2:  Chapter 19 Financing Your Business Financing the Small Business Start-Up Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital 19.1 19.2 Slide3:  Describe the resources available to entrepreneurs to start their businesses. Compare and contrast sources of financing for start-up ventures. Describe the importance of financial planning. Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up 19.1 Slide4:  Entrepreneurs use their creative talents to secure necessary resources to start their businesses. Most start-up funds come from an entrepreneur’s personal resources; however, there are other common sources of funding. Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up 19.1 Slide5:  bootstrapping factor equity capital equity risk capital angel Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up 19.1 venture capital venture capitalists debt capital operating capital line of credit trade credit Entrepreneurial Resources :  Entrepreneurial Resources One of the unique talents of entrepreneurs is finding the resources to launch a business requires the understanding of: Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up Short-term needs, those associated with activities not part of normal operations Long-term capital needs, relating to preparation for future growth. Bootstrapping :  Bootstrapping Most entrepreneurs get their businesses started by bootstrapping. bootstrapping operating a business as frugally as possible and cutting all unnecessary expenses, such as borrowing, leasing, and partnering to acquire resources Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up Bootstrapping:  Bootstrapping Bootstrapping involves: Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up hiring as few employees as possible leasing anything you can being creative Bootstrapping :  Bootstrapping Bootstrapping entrepreneurs can also ask suppliers to allow for longer payments terms, ask customers to pay in advance, or sell their accounts receivable to a factor. factor an agent who handles an entrepreneur’s accounts receivable for a fee Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up Start-Up Money :  Start-Up Money The main sources for start-up money for entrepreneurs include: Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up friends family other resources, such as savings, credit cards, loans, and investments Financing the Start-Up :  Financing the Start-Up Some sources of financing include: Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up banks finance companies investment companies government grants Sources of Equity Financing :  Sources of Equity Financing To obtain equity capital as a source of funding for a business, the owner must give equity to obtain the financing. equity capital cash raised for a business in exchange for an ownership stake in the business Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up equity capital an ownership in a business Sources of Equity Financing :  Sources of Equity Financing Equity funding is sometimes called risk capital. risk capital money invested in companies where there is financial risk Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up Slide14:  Sources of Equity Financing 14 Forms of Equity Financing Personal savings Friends and family Private investors Partners Venture capitalists State- sponsored venture capital funds Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up Sources of Equity Financing :  Sources of Equity Financing An angel often invests because of his or her belief in a business concept and the founding team. angel a private, nonprofessional investor, such as a friend, a relative, or a business associate, who funds start-up companies Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up Sources of Equity Financing :  Sources of Equity Financing An existing business can use venture capital financing to raise large amounts of money to achieve its goals. venture capital a source of equity financing for small businesses with exceptional growth potential and experienced senior management Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up Sources of Equity Financing :  Sources of Equity Financing Venture capitalists often provide managerial and technical expertise to small businesses. venture capitalists individual investors or investment firms that invest venture capital professionally Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up Sources of Debt Financing :  Sources of Debt Financing Sources of debt capital are far more numerous than sources of equity capital, but the entrepreneur must be certain the business can generate enough cash flow to repay the loan. debt capital money raised by taking out loans, which must be repaid with interest Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up Slide19:  Sources of Debt Financing 19 Sources of Debt Financing Banks Trade credit Minority enterprise development programs Commercial finance companies SBA loans Small business investment companies Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up Sources of Debt Financing :  Sources of Debt Financing Banks were once the primary source of operating capital, but today they are much more conservative in their lending practices. operating capital money a business uses to support its operations in the short term Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up Sources of Debt Financing :  Sources of Debt Financing An established business can usually get a line of credit from a bank, which it can borrow against. line of credit an arrangement whereby a lender agrees to lend up to a specific amount of money at a certain interest rate for a specific period of time Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up Sources of Debt Financing :  Sources of Debt Financing Some businesses may seek trade credit from other companies in their industry as a form of debt financing. trade credit credit one business grants to another business for the purchase of goods or services; a source of short-term financing provided by one business within another business’s industry or trade Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up Financial Planning for Your Business :  Financial Planning for Your Business Financial planning involves finding the right kind of financial resources at the right time in the right amount. Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up Financial Planning for Your Business :  Financial Planning for Your Business Financial planning involves: Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up Identifying the stages of growth in your business Identifying milestones that require resources Identifying business advisers Hiring an excellent management team Slide25:  Describe the resources available to entrepreneurs to start their business. Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up Most entrepreneurs start their businesses by bootstrapping or using personal resources such as friends, family, savings, credit cards, loans, and investments. 19.1 Slide26:  Compare and contrast sources of financing for start-up ventures. Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up Entrepreneurs have two options: equity or debt financing. Equity sources trade cash for some portion of ownership, or equity, in a business. With debt financing, an entrepreneur borrows money and repays it with interest, and retains full ownership of the business. However, the loan must be carried as a liability on the business’s balance sheet. For this approach to be successful, your business must generate enough cash flow to repay the loan. 19.1 Slide27:  Describe the importance of financial planning. Section 19.1 Financing the Small Business Start-Up Financial planning provides you with a better chance of securing the money you need when you need it in the right amount. 19.1 Slide28:  Describe the information needed to obtain financing. Explain the types of growth financing available to entrepreneurs. Describe how to calculate start-up capital requirements. Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital 19.2 Slide29:  Additional sources of funding become available when entrepreneurs are ready to grow their businesses. Entrepreneurs must calculate their start-up needs so they can communicate this information to potential funders. Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital 19.2 Slide30:  pro forma character capacity capital collateral conditions Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital 19.2 due diligence private placement initial public offering (IPO) stock working capital contingency fund How to Obtain Financing :  How to Obtain Financing To obtain financing, you must create pro forma financial statements to include in your business plan. pro forma proposed or estimated financial statements based on predictions of how the actual operations of the business will turn out Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital What Venture Capitalists Expect :  What Venture Capitalists Expect Venture capitalists rarely invest in start-up companies, but when they do, they expect: Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital A 30 to 70 percent return on their investment for start-ups A 50 percent or more return for an early stage venture A business with good management What Private Investors Expect :  What Private Investors Expect Private investors, or angels, expect: Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital businesses they understand investing with like-minded investors ten times their investment at the end of five years a strong management team What Bankers Expect :  What Bankers Expect Commercial lenders like banks rely on the five Cs to determine the acceptability of a business loan applicant: Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital C C C C C Character Capacity Capitol Collateral Conditions What Bankers Expect:  What Bankers Expect A bank must believe in the character of the entrepreneur. character a borrower’s reputation for fair and ethical practices, including business experience, dealings with other businesses, and reputation in the community Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital What Bankers Expect:  What Bankers Expect Banks consider the capacity of a business to pay its debts. capacity the ability of a business to pay a loan in view of its income and obligations Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital What Bankers Expect:  What Bankers Expect Banks place a strong emphasis on whether a business has a financially stable capital structure. capital the net worth of a business, the amount by which its assets exceed its liabilities Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital What Bankers Expect:  What Bankers Expect Banks are more likely to lend to businesses with valuable collateral. collateral security in the form of assets that a company pledges to a lender Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital What Bankers Expect:  What Bankers Expect Banks consider all the conditions in which the business operates. conditions the circumstances at the time of the loan request, including potential for growth, amount of competition, location, form of ownership, and insurance Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital Types of Growth Financing :  Types of Growth Financing If your company has established a successful track record, there are other types of financing available, including: Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital venture capital (VC) companies private placements initial public offerings (IPOs) Venture Capital (VC) Companies :  Venture Capital (VC) Companies If a VC firm is interested in funding your business and decides you have a sound business plan, it will begin due diligence. due diligence the investigation and analysis a prudent investor does before making business decisions Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital Private Placements :  Private Placements Private placement is a way to raise capital by selling ownership interests in your private corporation or partnership. private placement a private offering or sale of securities directly to a limited number of institutional investors who meet certain suitability standards; ownership interests are called securities Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) :  Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) An initial public offering (IPO) is a popular way to raise a lot of money for growth since all proceeds go to the company. initial public offering (IPO) the sale of stock in a company on a public stock exchange Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) :  Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) The CEO of a company that has made an IPO is primarily responsible to the people who own the company stock. stock a type of security that signifies ownership in a corporation and represents a claim on part of the corporation’s assets and earnings Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) :  Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) There are five steps to become a public company with stock for sale on a public exchange. Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital Choose an underwriter or investment banker. Draw up a letter of intent. File a registration statement with the SEC. Announce the offering in the financial press. Do a road show. Calculating Your Start-Up Capital Needs :  Calculating Your Start-Up Capital Needs You will need to calculate exactly how much money you will need to start or grow your business.   This requires estimating start-up costs, capital expenditures, working capital (operating costs), and contingency funds. Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital Start-Up Costs :  Start-Up Costs Start-up costs are those costs you incur before you start a business. Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital Start-Up Costs :  Start-Up Costs Start-up costs may include: Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital furniture, fixtures, and equipment promotion expenses and office supplies fees and licenses Operating Costs :  Operating Costs Operating costs, often referred to as working capital, cover the time between selling your product or service and receiving payment from the customer. working capital the amount of cash needed to carry out the daily operations of a business that ensures a positive cash flow after covering all operating expenses Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital Contingency Funds :  Contingency Funds Since no one can predict the future, you should include a contingency fund in your start-up calculations. contingency fund an extra amount of money that is saved and used only when absolutely necessary, such as for unforeseen business expenses Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital Slide51:  Describe the information needed to obtain financing. Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital After identifying potential sources of investors, you need to prepare estimated financial statements based on predictions of how the actual operations of a business will turn out. Your financial plan must include income statements, cash flow statements, and balance sheets. 19.2 Slide52:  Explain the types of growth financing available to entrepreneurs. Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital Venture capital (VC) companies are unlikely sources but may be an option to companies with a proven concept and a huge growth potential. Private placement is a way to raise capital by selling ownership interests in a private corporation or partnership. Initial public offerings (IPOs) are sales of stock in a company on a public stock exchange. 19.2 Slide53:  Describe how to calculate start-up capital requirements. Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital Entrepreneurs can figure start-up costs by talking to suppliers, vendors, manufacturers, distributors, and others in their industry. Entrepreneurs need to figure capital expenditures, which are costs to purchase equipment and facilities. Next, entrepreneurs need to calculate working capital, how much cash is needed to carry out daily operations. Finally, they must figure contingency funds, extra money used for unforeseen business expenses. 19.2 Technology Enabled Marketing:  Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital 54 Technology enabled marketing (TEM) ties all of a business’s departments, such as sales, production, and marketing, together so they can all work from the same pool of data.   Sales force automation and online customer service are forms of TEM. Technology Enabled Marketing Tech Terms:  Section 19.2 Obtaining Financing and Growth Capital 55 Tech Terms online customer service the service businesses provide to customers via the Internet   sales force automation tools that automate the business tasks of sales, such as order processing, contact management, lead tracking, and inventory control Slide56:  End of

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