Ch 13 European Explorers

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Information about Ch 13 European Explorers
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Published on December 8, 2008

Author: duez

Source: slideshare.net

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European Explorers - Triangular Trade

Chapter 13 – European Explorers

 

Key Events Europeans risked dangerous ocean voyages to discover new sea routes.  Spain and Portugal control the “New World” Early European explorers sought gold in Africa, then began to trade slaves. 

Europeans risked dangerous ocean voyages to discover new sea routes. 

Spain and Portugal control the “New World”

Early European explorers sought gold in Africa, then began to trade slaves. 

Motives and Means 1500-1800 Dynamic Energy in Europe leads to European Expansion  Why would they risk so much to explore?  The 3 G’s: God Gold Glory

1500-1800 Dynamic Energy in Europe leads to European Expansion 

Why would they risk so much to explore? 

The 3 G’s:

God

Gold

Glory

The Portuguese Southern coast of Africa along the Atlantic = “The Gold Coast”

Southern coast of Africa along the Atlantic = “The Gold Coast”

The Portuguese = look to round Africa to return from India with Spices In 1488, Bartholomeu Dias rounded the tip of Africa looking for a route to India.  Vasco da Gama rounded the tip of Africa and sailed on to the port of Calcutta in India in 1498.  He took on a cargo of spices and returned to make a profit of several thousand percent. 

In 1488, Bartholomeu Dias rounded the tip of Africa looking for a route to India. 

Vasco da Gama rounded the tip of Africa and sailed on to the port of Calcutta in India in 1498. 

He took on a cargo of spices and returned to make a profit of several thousand percent. 

Da Gama’s Ship

 

Spanish Voyage to Americas As the Portuguese sailed east to reach the source of the spice trade, the Spanish sailed west to find it.  Italian Christopher Columbus sails for Spain. 4 voyages – believes he reaches the Indies Opposing viewpoints – page 410

As the Portuguese sailed east to reach the source of the spice trade, the Spanish sailed west to find it. 

Italian Christopher Columbus sails for Spain.

4 voyages – believes he reaches the Indies

Opposing viewpoints – page 410

Video: Age of Exploration- Race for Riches

The Voyage

Voyages to the Americas (cont.) Both Spain and Portugal feared the other would claim some of its newly “discovered” territories.  In the 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas , they decided on a north-to-south line through the Atlantic Ocean and the easternmost part of South America.  Portugal claimed the unexplored territories east of the line, Spain to the west.

Both Spain and Portugal feared the other would claim some of its newly “discovered” territories. 

In the 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas , they decided on a north-to-south line through the Atlantic Ocean and the easternmost part of South America. 

Portugal claimed the unexplored territories east of the line, Spain to the west.

Spanish Win the Treaty: They get the best Of the deal

Voyages to the Americas (cont.) Amerigo Vespucci - Florence  Wrote letters of the New World.  Led to the use of his first name Amerigo for “Americas”

Amerigo Vespucci - Florence 

Wrote letters of the New World. 

Led to the use of his first name Amerigo for “Americas”

Amerigo Vespucci

Voyages to the Americas (cont.) Spanish Explorers - Conquistadors  Cortes, Pizarro - examples  Forced labor of Native Americans led to the cruel treatment

Spanish Explorers - Conquistadors 

Cortes, Pizarro - examples 

Forced labor of Native Americans led to the cruel treatment

Video: Francisco Pizzaro

Voyages to the Americas (cont.) Disease Ravages Americans  Smallpox, measles, typhus  Hispaniola – pop. 250,000 in 1492 pop. 500 in 1538 Mexico – pop. 25 Million in 1519 pop. 1 Million in 1630

Disease Ravages Americans 

Smallpox, measles, typhus 

Hispaniola – pop. 250,000 in 1492

pop. 500 in 1538

Mexico – pop. 25 Million in 1519

pop. 1 Million in 1630

Commerce & Trade Mercantilism – set of principles that dominated economic thought in the 17 th century.  Prosperity depends on supply of bullion – gold & silver  Balance of Trade – diff between what a nation imports and exports

Mercantilism – set of principles that dominated economic thought in the 17 th century. 

Prosperity depends on supply of bullion – gold & silver 

Balance of Trade – diff between what a nation imports and exports

Slave Trade The Middle Passage – name for the transport of slaves from Africa to America.  Africans originally brought to the new world to supply labor for sugar plantations

The Middle Passage – name for the transport of slaves from Africa to America. 

Video: The Triangular Trade: Slave Trade

 

Triangular Trade

Triangular Trade

 

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