Central America and Mexico

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Information about Central America and Mexico
Education

Published on December 23, 2008

Author: donjohn8

Source: slideshare.net

Central America And Mexico By: Donald Johnson, Joe Strycharz and John Panaccio

Geographic Features of Central America

Borders - Belize, Guatemala, US; A little smaller than Texas. Climate - Varies from tropical to desert. Terrain - High mountains, low coastal plains, and deserts Imports - Agriculture machinery, and industrial machinery. Exports - Silver, cotton, oil, coffee Arable Land -12.66%

Borders - Belize, Guatemala, US; A little smaller than Texas.

Climate - Varies from tropical to desert.

Terrain - High mountains, low coastal plains, and deserts

Imports - Agriculture machinery, and industrial machinery.

Exports - Silver, cotton, oil, coffee

Arable Land -12.66%

Mexico Capital: Mexico City The United Mexican States of Mexico is a federal republic made up of 31 states and one Federal District, which contains the capital, Mexico City. Article 49 of the constitution provides that the federal government is divided in three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial.

Mexican Connections to Geography Tourism - 3rd largest factor in the economy Agriculture - 20% of jobs farm related, while only 1/5 of the land is arable Most farmers are subsistence farmers Montezuma’s castle Church of Guadalupe

Tourism -

3rd largest factor in the economy

Agriculture -

20% of jobs farm related, while only 1/5 of the land is arable

Most farmers are

subsistence farmers

Surrounded by mountains and volcanoes, it was a center for several pre-Columbian civilizations, including Teotihuacan, the Toltec, and the Aztec.

Chichen Itza A large pre-Columbian archaeological site built by the Maya civilization located in the northern center of the Yucatán Peninsula, in the Yucatán state, present-day Mexico.

 

Guatemala During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments as well as a 36-year guerrilla war. In 1996, the government signed a peace agreement formally ending the conflict, which had led to the death of more than 100,000 people and had created some 1 million refugees. Capital: Guatemala City

Borders - Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico; a little smaller than Tennessee Climate - tropical; hot, humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands Terrain - most of the country mountainous with narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateaus Imports - fuels, machinery, construction materials, grain, fertilizers, electricity Exports - coffee, sugar, petroleum, apparel, bananas, fruits and vegetables, Arable Land - 12.54%

Borders - Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico; a little smaller than Tennessee

Climate - tropical; hot, humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands

Terrain - most of the country mountainous with narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateaus

Imports - fuels, machinery, construction materials, grain, fertilizers, electricity

Exports - coffee, sugar, petroleum, apparel, bananas, fruits and vegetables,

Arable Land - 12.54%

Gua t ema l a Miguel Ángel Asturias, named Nobel Laureate in 1967, wrote "Only Guatemala is comparable to itself," describing it as "a land of natural dreamscapes ... mysterious presences and absences." Tikal, the largest known Mayan city, is incomparable in the same way; its size imposing and intimidating, its setting lush and teeming with wildlife.

Guatemala-Mexico art

Belize Territorial disputes between the UK and Guatemala delayed the independence of Belize (formerly British Honduras) until 1981. Guatemala refused to recognize the new nation until 1992. Tourism has become the mainstay of the economy. Capital: Belmopan

Borders - Guatemala, Mexico; a little smaller than Massachusetts Climate - tropical; very hot and humid Terrain - flat, swampy; coastal plains; low mountains in the south Imports - machinery, manufactured goods; fuels, chemicals, pharmaceuticals; tobacco Exports - sugar, bananas, citrus, clothing, fish products, molasses, wood Arable Land - 2.85%

Borders - Guatemala, Mexico;

a little smaller than

Massachusetts

Climate - tropical; very hot and humid

Terrain - flat, swampy; coastal plains; low mountains in the south

Imports - machinery, manufactured goods; fuels, chemicals, pharmaceuticals; tobacco

Exports - sugar, bananas,

citrus, clothing, fish

products, molasses, wood

Arable Land - 2.85%

Belizean Connections to Geography Tourism - The extensive tourist industry benefits from: Warm Climate The Belize Barrier Reef Numerous islands Excellent fishing Jungle wildlife Forestry Belize's climate and terrain produces important varieties of timber included logwood, and mahogany

Tourism - The extensive tourist industry benefits from:

Warm Climate

The Belize Barrier Reef

Numerous islands

Excellent fishing

Jungle wildlife

Forestry

Belize's climate and terrain produces important varieties of timber included logwood, and mahogany

Blue Hole The Great Blue Hole

Belize - Tourist haven

Principal Sites of Pre-Conquest in Mesoamerica

Situated on the Pacific coast of Central America, El Salvador is the smallest of the Central American countries, with an area equal to that of Massachusetts. Most of the country is on a fertile volcanic plateau about 2,000 ft. high.

With approximately 6.7 million peopl e, it is the most densely populated nation on the American mainland It is also the most industrialized country in the region. El Salvador

Borders - Guatemala, Honduras; Pacific coast. Climate - tropical rainy season and tropical on coast; temperate in uplands Terrain - mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau Imports - raw materials, consumer goods, capital goods, fuels, petroleum, electricity Exports - coffee, sugar, shrimp, textiles, chemicals, electricity Arable Land - 31.85%

Borders - Guatemala, Honduras; Pacific coast.

Climate - tropical rainy season and tropical on coast; temperate in uplands

Terrain - mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau

Imports - raw materials, consumer goods, capital goods, fuels, petroleum, electricity

Exports - coffee, sugar, shrimp, textiles, chemicals, electricity

Arable Land - 31.85%

Capital City: San Salvador

 

El Salvador A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms. GDP per capita is roughly only half that of Brazil, Argentina, and Chile, and the distribution of income is highly unequal. Sacred capilla de El Salvador

MS-13 This gang, aka Mara Salvatrucha 13, is one of the most violently dangerous gangs in the United States - and one of the most organized.  One of many 15-year-olds currently incarcerated in El S alvador

Top ten constraints to firm investment in El Salvador

 

In 1992, El Salvador began a nationwide highway development program. As a result, the nation boasts one of the finest highway systems in Central America with over 20 percent of the 10,000 kilometer road network paved and in good condition. Infrastru cture

Economy The trade deficit has been offset by annual remittances of almost $2 billion from Salvadorans living abroad and external aid. The government is striving to open new export markets, encourage foreign investment, modernize the tax and healthcare systems, and stimulate the sluggish economy.

Agriculture Agriculture defined the economic life of El Salvador well before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors in the early 1500s, and, despite some modest advances in industrial capacity, agriculture has continued to dominate the nation's wealth, social structure, and political dynamics. Minister of Foreign Affairs Eugene Chien, center, holds a starfruit as he talks with El Salvador's Agriculture Minister Salvador Urrutia

 

Honduras

Borders - Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua; a little bit bigger than Tennessee Climate - lowlands subtropical, mountains temperate Terrain - mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains Imports - machinery, industrial raw materials, chemical products, fuels, Exports - coffee, bananas, shrimp, lobster, meat; zinc, lumber Arable Land - 15.15%

Borders - Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua; a little bit bigger than Tennessee

Climate - lowlands subtropical, mountains temperate

Terrain - mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains

Imports - machinery, industrial raw materials, chemical

products, fuels,

Exports - coffee, bananas,

shrimp, lobster, meat; zinc, lumber

Arable Land - 15.15%

Honduras Part of Spain's empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and one-half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982.

Tegucigalpa

Borders - Honduras, Costa Rica; a little smaller than the state of New York Climate - tropical in lowlands, cooler in highlands Terrain - coastal plains rising to mountains; often interrupted by volcanoes Imports - machinery, raw materials, petroleum Exports - beef, coffee, shrimp, lobster, tobacco, sugar, gold, peanuts Arable Land - 14.81%

Borders - Honduras, Costa Rica; a little smaller than the state of New York

Climate - tropical in lowlands,

cooler in highlands

Terrain - coastal plains rising to mountains; often interrupted by volcanoes

Imports - machinery,

raw materials, petroleum

Exports - beef, coffee, shrimp, lobster, tobacco, sugar, gold, peanuts

Arable Land - 14.81%

Managua, Nicaragua

Nicaragua Nicaragua is located in Central America, bordered by Honduras and Costa Rica. Daniel Ortega Saavedra was president of Nicaragua from 1985-1990. As one of the leading commanders of the Sandinista forces that ousted Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza in July 1979, he became head of the ruling junta in the subsequent leftist regime.

Costa Rica One of Central America's smallest countries, Costa Rica is its most economically and socially advanced with a long tradition of democracy. It is also one of the safest and friendliest countries to visit in Latin America, with an incredible degree of biodiversity.

San Jose, Costa Rica

Borders- Nicaragua, Panama; A little smaller than West Virginia Climate- Tropical and subtropical; cooler in highlands Terrain- Coastal plains separated by rugged mountains and many volcanoes Imports- raw materials, consumer goods, petroleum Exports- coffee, bananas, sugar; pineapples; textiles, medical equipment, electronics Arable Land - 4.41%

Borders- Nicaragua, Panama;

A little smaller than West Virginia

Climate- Tropical and subtropical; cooler in highlands

Terrain- Coastal plains separated by rugged mountains and many volcanoes

Imports- raw materials, consumer goods, petroleum

Exports- coffee, bananas,

sugar; pineapples; textiles,

medical equipment, electronics

Arable Land - 4.41%

Because of its location on the globe Costa Rica has two distinct seasons each with its own agricultural advantage, as different crops can be grown at different times One-fourth of Costa Rican land has been set aside as national forests, often with adjoining beaches, which has made the country a popular tourist spot for retirees and ecotourists .

Because of its location on the globe Costa Rica has two distinct seasons each with its own agricultural advantage, as different crops can be grown at different times

One-fourth of Costa Rican land has been set aside as national forests, often with adjoining beaches, which has made the country a popular tourist spot for retirees and ecotourists .

Costa Rica From the spectacular volcanoes that surround the Meseta Central , fast flowing rivers fall steeply away through lush tropical rainforest towards the Caribbean or Pacific coasts.

Borders - Columbia, Costa Rica; a little smaller than South Carolina Climate - Tropical, hot and humid. Long rainy season, short dry season. Terrain - mountainous, coastal areas, many plains and rolling hills Imports - food, consumer goods, chemicals Exports - bananas, shrimp, sugar, coffee Arable Land -7.26%

Borders - Columbia, Costa Rica;

a little smaller than

South Carolina

Climate - Tropical, hot and humid. Long rainy season, short dry season.

Terrain - mountainous, coastal areas, many plains and rolling hills

Imports - food, consumer goods, chemicals

Exports - bananas, shrimp, sugar, coffee

Arable Land -7.26%

Panama City Casco Viejo, seen from Cerro Ancón

Isthmus of Panama Created by tectonic plates Affected the earths geography by changing the oceans flow which also changed the climate The location of the Panama Canal More than 14,000 ships pass through each year, resulting in many people visiting Panama A large factor in the country’s economy

Created by tectonic plates

Affected the earths geography by changing the oceans flow which also changed the climate

The location of the Panama Canal

More than 14,000 ships pass through each year, resulting in many people visiting Panama

A large factor in the country’s economy

Central American rain forest The tropical rain forest is a forest of tall trees in a region of year-round warmth. An average of 50 to 260 inches of rain falls yearly. Rain forests belong to the tropical wet climate group. The temperature in a rain forest rarely gets higher than 93 °F or drops below 68 °F ; average humidity is between 77 and 88%.

 

Links http://www.projectcure.org/event_details/firstlady.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valley_of_Mexico http://www.larc1.com/belize/lh_blue_hole.html Archives.gov/publications/prologue/2007/fall/panama Learnaboutpanama.com/PanamaFlag.html

http://www.projectcure.org/event_details/firstlady.aspx

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valley_of_Mexico

http://www.larc1.com/belize/lh_blue_hole.html

Archives.gov/publications/prologue/2007/fall/panama

Learnaboutpanama.com/PanamaFlag.html

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