Published on February 6, 2014
Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) for DOL TAACCCT Grantees Dr. Cable Green Director of Global Learning Creative Commons
A special thanks to our real lead! Paul Stacey Associate Director of Global Learning Creative Commons
Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0 Attribution: Slides are a remix from CC staff: Jane Park, Paul Stacey, Tim Vollmer & Cable Green
• DOL's TAACCCT SGA CC BY requirement. • What is CC BY? • What is Creative Commons? What does it do? How does it work? • What are Open Educational Resources (OER)? • How does the CC BY requirement and OER affect TAACCCT development? • Where to find existing OER to use in your courses. • Factors to consider when authoring and developing your own OER.
Global Economy •Foreign trade •Offshore outsourcing •Imports Positives •lower prices •higher efficiency •more jobs •quality Economic Adjustments Required Negatives •displaced workers •unemployment •lower wages •low & obsolescent skills •personal & family hardship
TAACCCT Economic Adjustments Negatives Positives •lower prices •higher efficiency •more jobs •quality Positives •employed workers •higher skills •higher wages •thriving growth industries Global Economy Global OER
Economic Adjustment – Grant Program • $2 billion grant funding over 4 years starting 2011 • Grants provided to community colleges • Expand education and career training programs that can be completed in two years or less • Help TAA-eligible workers and other adults acquire skills, degrees, and credentials needed for high-wage, high-skill employment while also meeting the needs of employers • Grant requires all newly developed materials be CC BY Largest OER initiative in the world.
High Growth Industry Sectors Bridging Basic Education % GRANTEES DEVELOPING CURRICULA IN SHARED FIELDS OF STUDY Health Manufacturing Energy Transportation Information Technology DOL TAACCCT Round 1 Data Analysis by Paul Stacey 20-Feb-2013 TAACCCT program is uniquely creating OER in vocational industry sectors like manufacturing, health, energy, transportation and IT.
What is the CC BY requirement in the TAACCCT grant?
SGA Requirements • In order to further the goal of career training and education and encourage innovation in the development of new learning materials, as a condition of the receipt of a Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College and Career Training Grant (“Grant”), the Grantee will be required to license to the public (not including the Federal Government) all work created with the support of the grant (“Work”) under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (“License”). • This license allows subsequent users to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt the copyrighted work and requires such users to attribute the work in the manner specified by the Grantee. Notice of the License shall be affixed to the Work.
SGA Requirements • Work that must be licensed under the CC BY includes both new content created with the grant funds and modifications made to pre-existing, grantee-owned content using grant funds. • Only work that is developed by the grantee with the grant funds is required to be licensed under the CC BY license. Pre-existing copyrighted materials licensed to, or purchased by the grantee from third parties, including modifications of such materials, remain subject to the intellectual property rights the grantee receives under the terms of the particular license or purchase. In addition, works created by the grantee without grant funds do not fall under the CC BY license requirement. • The Department will ensure that deliverables developed with these funds are publicly available.
Purpose “to ensure that materials developed with funds provided by these grants result in work that can be freely reused and improved by others.” How does CC BY and OER affect TAACCCT work? 1. Share development costs of learning resources among institutions 2. Quality improvements through collaboration, visibility, creativity, and critical thinking 3. Save time and effort through the reusing and remixing of resources 4. Pedagogical innovations 5. Lower costs to students 6. Open accessibility of resources to previously excluded groups 7. New partnerships and market opportunities
FAQ: What if we have a mix of our own content plus proprietary licensed materials?
What is Creative Commons? What is CC BY?
Nonprofit organization Free copyright licenses Founded in 2001 Operates worldwide
What do we do? We make sharing content easy, legal, and scalable.
How do we do free Most it? Free copyright licenses that creators can attach to their works. least free Least free
CC licenses are unique because they are expressed in three ways.
With the CC BY license, you retain your copyright, while granting some uses of your work… and others must give you credit / attribution.
CC BY grants the public permission to copy, distribute, perform, display, and build upon your work, as long as they give you credit for your work.
Here is an example of an educational textbook that is publicly available under the CC BY license. If you click on the CC BY icon or the linked text, it will take you to..
http://creativecommons. org/ choose
<a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"><img alt="Creative Commons License" style="border-width:0" src="http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/3.0/88x31.png" /></a><br />This work is licensed under a <a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/">Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License</a>.v _______________________________________________________________ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
FAQ: What is OER?
OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others. OER are learning materials freely available under a license that allows you to: •Reuse •Revise •Remix •Redistribute
Open Educational Resources (OER)
✓ Customization ✓ Accessible versions ✓ Translations ✓ Evolution of resource over time ✓ Affordable versions ✓ Innovation ✓ Discoverability
Wikipedia: Over 77,000 contributors working on over 22 million articles in 285 languages
CERN releases photos under a Creative Commons License CC-BY-SA 34
FAQ: How do we find OER?
Sourcing OER http://open4us.org/find-oer
How should I properly mark my work with CC BY?
1. 2. 3. Publish on an existing platform that enables CC licensing Publish on your own site Publish on a site that doesn’t enable CC licensing
e.g., Video platforms • • • • Vimeo YouTube Internet Archive Wikimedia Commons http://wiki.creativecommons.org/ Publish/Video
OER-specific platform http://cnx.org
1. 2. Publish on an existing platform that allows CC licensing Publish on your own site
Best practices for marking content with CC licensing: Creators • License • machine readable • use CC License Chooser • Title • Author • URL / link http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Marking
Example of poor Marking
o o o o o o o Which license? Link to license? License icon? Not machine-readable Author? Title? URL / Link?
Example of better Marking
Example of better Marking
FAQ: Who do we put as the author of our materials (eg. consortium, college, faculty)?
1. 2. 3. Publish on an existing platform that allows CC licensing Publish on your own site Publish on a site that doesn’t allow CC licensing
http://creativecommons.org/ choos e
FAQ: What if we incorporate other OER into our materials? How do we give them credit?
Marking Best Practices: Users • License • machine readable • Title • Author • URL / link http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Marking
FAQ: Is there a deadline by which we must apply the CC BY license? Do the materials have to be in final version before it is made available under CC BY?
FAQ: Can we change the license on the materials after the project has ended?
FAQ: We are meeting resistance from faculty and others around opening materials. What steps can I take?
FAQ: Where can I go if I have additional questions?
http://open4us.org ✓ Understand CC licenses ✓ Apply CC BY to your materials ✓ Find existing OER to use ✓ Attribute other CC-licensed works ✓ Open policy ✓ Universal Design for Learning and accessibility ✓ Data-driven learning designs ✓ Best practice in creating and managing OER http://open4us.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/Handout_OpenKickoff_Boyoung.doc
Free support and technical assistance to all DOL TAACCCT grantees to help meet SGA requirements including support for: • licensing TAACCCT grant work with a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License • incorporating principles of universal design • ensuring deliverables are readily accessible to qualified individuals with disabilities • developing and implementing online and technology-enabled courses • supporting accelerated learning in a flexible manner that allows students to master concepts or course content more successfully in a shorter period of time • evaluation to ensure continuous improvement & data-based decision making
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