Published on January 4, 2014
GAINING COMPETENCE IN COMPETENCY-BASED EDUCATION Jason Ellingson AEA267 October 14, 2013
OVERVIEW Definitions Examples Competency development Assessments Work in Iowa – past, present, future States leading the way Federal implications Work/Support to come Resources Questions
DEFINITIONS OF CBE What is competency-based education? Mastery learning Proficiency-based learning Blended learning Personalized learning Iowa’s definition: Learners advance through content or earn credit based on demonstration of proficiency of competencies. Some students may advance through more content or earn more credit than in a traditional school year while others might take more than a traditional school year to advance through the same content or to earn credit. Credit may also be earned for out-of-school experiences and/or accomplishments. Students at all grade levels are afforded opportunities for more explicit or intensive instruction or enrichment within the content.
IOWA’S DEFINITIONS Competency: A competency is an enduring understanding that requires the transfer of knowledge, skills, and dispositions to complex situations in and/or across content areas and/or beyond the classroom. Assessment: A variety of methods used to determine where students are in their learning before, during, and after instruction. All assessments, including examinations, performance tasks, and other evidence of learning must be instructionally sensitive and align with the standards. Assessments, not machine scored, should be scored by educators appropriately licensed and endorsed in the grade level and content area.
WHAT DOES IT LOOK LIKE IN A SCHOOL? Five principles – Students advance upon mastery Competencies include explicit, measurable, and transferable learning objectives that empower students Assessment is meaningful and a positive learning experience for students Students receive rapid, differentiated support based on their individual learning needs Learning outcomes emphasize competencies that include application and creation of knowledge along with development of important skills and dispositions
CBE IS / IS NOT Is: Focused on deep essential learning Moving after mastery Is not: Surface learning Moving as quickly as possible
EXAMPLES OF COMPETENCIES U.S. History – Students will understand that technological advancements have both positive and negative impacts on the development of American society. American Literature – Students will understand that reading nonfiction and informational texts is an essential means of acquiring, constructing, and expressing knowledge in all school subjects and in succeeding in educational, occupational, civic, social, and everyday settings.
EXAMPLES OF COMPETENCIES Algebra I – Students will understand that algebra is the language through which much of mathematics, science, and technology are communicated. Physical Science – Students will understand that energy can neither be created nor destroyed but can be stored, transferred or transformed.
COMPETENCY DEVELOPMENT New Hampshire uses Understanding by Design framework to focus on essential learnings Uses upper levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy Uses upper levels of Webb’s Depth of Knowledge N.H. developed a Competency Validation Rubric
COMPETENCY VALIDATION RUBRIC
HOW IT IS ASSESSED (MASTERY) This is a great struggle! New Hampshire is still trying to get consistent assessments. Rose Colby and Linda Darling-Hammond Many states are looking at Common Core Project-based learning used often
TIMELINE OF CBE IN IOWA December 2011 Spring 2012 CBE task force meetings June 2013 Iowa Legislative Task Force established Summer 2012-Fall 2013 CBE Forum, district waiver Iowa ASCD Conference on CBE October 2013 Brad Buck mentions customized instruction/CBE as 1 of 3 priorities in School Leader Update
IOWA LEGISLATIVE TASK FORCE 5 Areas of Focus 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Carnegie Unit to Competency Assessments/Accountability Professional Development Student Learning Plans/Templates Technology First report to Legislature in December 2012 Final report to Legislature in November 2013
NEXT STEPS IN IOWA Iowa CBE Collaborative 10 districts to pilot implementation $100,000 Additional funds Write competencies ($100,000) Develop assessments ($100,000) Create professional development ($100,000) Study a data management system ($25,000) Work with CCSSO Innovation Lab Focus on college and career readiness Iowa ASCD Conference on CBE 2014 Partnering with Iowa Dept of Education
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IOWA’S FUTURE Writing Competencies Designing Assessments Creating a data management system Coordinating with IHEs TIES already has a personal learning system Evaluation of implementation Teacher / leader preparation programs Expand pilot program
STATES LEADING THE WAY New Hampshire Oregon Race to the Top winner, focus on innovation zones Wisconsin Proficiency-based Kentucky Proficiency-based Maine Nation’s leader, eliminated Carnegie Unit Personalized learning in CESA 1 Iowa
FEDERAL SUPPORT Race to the Top-District Focus on personalized learning 2012 – 16 winners – over $300 million granted 2013 – grant program just starting ESEA reauthorization – section focused on CBE Concern with the accountability requirements Groups – KnowledgeWorks CompetencyWorks iNACOL National Center for Competency-Based Learning
IOWA ASCD WORK GOALS Working with AEA 267 Working with AEA 1 to deliver support to districts Established a Professional Interest Community within ASCD to discuss implementation Working with National Center for CBL to develop a partnership for increased support of implementation CBE Conference – June 23-24, 2014
JASON’S WORK GOALS Working with CompetencyWorks for blog posts Working with KnowledgeWorks on federal policy implications Working with ASCD on Whole Child Initiative connected with CBE Working with iNACOL on developing CBE teacher leader roles with Iowa’s ed. reform legislation Working with National Center for CBL as member of board
RESOURCES AND REFERENCES Iowa ASCD Iowa Dept of Education CompetencyWorks iNACOL KnowledgeWorks National Center for Competency-Based Learning AEA Agora site #iacomped on Twitter
THANK YOU FOR THE OPPORTUNITIES Thank you for this opportunity. I hope there are more. My contact info: Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Twitter: @jasonellingson
This is a presentation made to curriculum and professional development consultants at AEA267 in eastern Iowa.
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