Published on March 3, 2014
Renato B. Catindig Jr. III – 26 BS Psychology Professor Marivilla Lydia B. Aggarao
I. • General Purpose of Evaluation • Appraisal Techniques • Client Welfare II. • Informed Consent • Explanation to Clients • Recipients of Results III. • Use of Psychological Reports • Common Areas in a Psychological Report
Appraisal Techniques - to provide measures that are objective and interpretable in either comparative or absolute terms Client Welfare - promote the welfare and best interests of the client in the development, publication, and utilization of educational and psychological assessment techniques
- Ensures that patient, clients, and research participants are aware of the risks involved in a particular treatment or procedure (Kendra Cherry, psychology.about.com) - Involves three key features: (U.S Department of Health & Human Services) (1) disclosing to potential research subjects information needed to make an informed decision; (2) facilitating the understanding of what has been disclosed; (3) promoting the voluntariness of the decision about whether or not to participate in the research
Explanation to Clients Counselors explain the nature and purposes of assessment and the specific use of results in language the client can understand, unless an explicit exception to this right has been agreed upon in advance. Taking reasonable steps to ensure that appropriate explanations are given to the client.
Recipients of Results The examinee’s welfare, explicit understanding, and prior agreement determine the recipients of test results. Counselors include accurate and appropriate interpretations with any release of individual or group test results.
comprehensive overview of the client and an interpretation of the assessment results in a contextual manner to provide assessment information that can be helpful in making clinical decisions and in selecting treatment and educational services for disseminating assessment information to other professionals incorporate a wide array of relevant information
Psychological Report: For Professional Use Only 1. Identifying information 2. Reasoning for referral 3. Background information 4. Behavioral observation 5. Assessment results and interpretation 6. Recommendations 7. Summary 8. Signature
provides some demographic information on the client important information and is necessary introductory information to the reader of the report done in outline format and includes the following information Client's name Date of examination Date of birth Chronological age Date of report Grade (if applicable) Examiner's name Test administered
Reason for Referral addresses the reason for the referral for testing included in this section is the name and position of the referral source (e.g. teacher); the reason for the referral; and a brief summary of symptoms, behaviors, or circimstances that led to the referral NOTE: In evaluating a report, a practitioner should find a direct connection between the instruments or procedures used and the reasons for the referral.
provides a context in which to interpret the assessment results an overview of the relevant information regarding the client information about the client's past in order for the reader to understand current issues and concerns may come from interviews with the client, interviews with other family members (e.g., parents if client is a minor), or past educational, counseling, or health records focus of the background will vary depending on the reasons for the assessment, but it should include significant past events related to the assessment purpose
describe what is observed during the assessment process it addresses the issues such as motivation, anxiety, concentration and self-efficacy usually includes a brief description of physical appearance, client comments and reactions to the process, responses to different assessment of activities, unusual mannerisms or behaviors, variations in activities, and changes in voice tone and facial expressions
the heart of the psychological report and will be the longest section includes the assessment findings, the meaning of the results, and the clinical and diagnostic impressions the focus should be on the pertinent findings and interpreting rather than just reporting these findings
extends the material presented in the report into future actions that will be beneficial to the client should be realistic, with the consideration of the client’s resources and situation sufficient detail in this section is needed so that they can be easily implemented
succinct summarization of the entire report, with a focus on the results and interpretation usually only one or two paragraphs, but it contains the major aspects of the report provides the opportunity to reiterate and emphasize important results NOTE: Sometimes the summary and recommendations will be combined into one ending section.
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