Cascao London Resistance Counter-hegemony Transboundary Basins

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Information about Cascao London Resistance Counter-hegemony Transboundary Basins
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Published on December 2, 2008

Author: ana.cascao

Source: slideshare.net

RESISTANCE AND COUNTER-HEGEMONY IN TRANSBOUNDARY RIVER BASINS III Workshop on Hydro-Hegemony 12-13 May 2007 Ana Elisa Cascão King’s College of London

STRUCTURE OF THE PRESENTATION 1 – Initial assumptions on Hegemony and Counter-Hegemony 2 – Theorisation on Resistance and Counter-Hegemony 3 – Mechanisms of Resistance and Counter-Hegemony

1 – Initial assumptions on Hegemony and Counter-Hegemony

2 – Theorisation on Resistance and Counter-Hegemony

3 – Mechanisms of Resistance and Counter-Hegemony

1 – INITIAL ASSUMPTIONS Hegemony = Coercion + Consent Consent vs. Contest  HEGEMONY Attainment, maintenance and consolidation of the status quo  COUNTER-HEGEMONY/RESISTANCE Confrontation and/or opposition to existing status quo and its legitimacy

Hegemony = Coercion + Consent

Consent vs. Contest

 HEGEMONY

Attainment, maintenance and consolidation of the status quo

 COUNTER-HEGEMONY/RESISTANCE

Confrontation and/or opposition to existing status quo and its legitimacy

ABSTRACT MODEL OF HEGEMONY AND COUNTER-HEGEMONY

CONSTRUCTED COMMON SENSE Clockwise – Hegemons Common-sense making and reinforcement, through dominant hegemonic beliefs, ideas, discourse and knowledge [ CONSENT ] Counter-clockwise – Non-hegemons Deconstruction of constructed common sense (undermining legitimacy) and/or construction of alternative senses [ BREAK THE CONSENT ] PLAYING WITH AMBIGUITY!?

Clockwise – Hegemons

Common-sense making and reinforcement, through dominant hegemonic beliefs, ideas, discourse and knowledge [ CONSENT ]

Counter-clockwise – Non-hegemons

Deconstruction of constructed common sense (undermining legitimacy) and/or construction of alternative senses [ BREAK THE CONSENT ]

“ the most potent weapon in the hands of the oppressors is the mind of the oppressed” Stephen Bantu Biko Founder of the Black Consciousness Movement (South Africa)

“ the most potent weapon in the hands of the oppressors is the mind of the oppressed”

Stephen Bantu Biko

Founder of the Black Consciousness Movement (South Africa)

2 – RESISTANCE AND COUNTER-HEGEMONY Resistance – Reactive in motivation and refractory in consequence [ RE-ACTIVE] Counter-Hegemony – more deliberate as action, and comprehensive in terms of its transformative potential [ PRO-ACTIVE ] BREAKING THE CONSENT!

Resistance – Reactive in motivation and refractory in consequence [ RE-ACTIVE]

Counter-Hegemony – more deliberate as action, and comprehensive in terms of its transformative potential [ PRO-ACTIVE ]

BIPOLARITY? “ Hegemony always implies resistance (…) they are a dialectic pair” (Cox) Binary relationship? No! ...Interrelated and Dynamic Continuum...  “ Strategic resistance mixes with strategic compliance” (Scott)

“ Hegemony always implies resistance (…) they are a dialectic pair” (Cox)

Binary relationship? No!

...Interrelated and Dynamic Continuum...



“ Strategic resistance mixes with strategic compliance” (Scott)

INTENSITY ACTIVITY IS FLUID Reasons: organisational, opportunism, timing, pressures, threats, manipulation, ‘trans-formismo’

ACTIVITY IS FLUID

Reasons: organisational, opportunism, timing, pressures, threats, manipulation, ‘trans-formismo’

A POLITICAL SPECTRUM Up in the scale More confrontational (anti-status quo) More organised More articulated More active/activism More challenging More strategic/programmatic More sustained/legitimated More audible More long-term targets More transformative potential Down the scale Legitimacy Common sense Sanctioned discourse Quiescence Compliance Conformism Passivity ‘ Catch-all’ arguments

Up in the scale

More confrontational (anti-status quo)

More organised

More articulated

More active/activism

More challenging

More strategic/programmatic

More sustained/legitimated

More audible

More long-term targets

More transformative potential

Down the scale

Legitimacy

Common sense

Sanctioned discourse

Quiescence

Compliance

Conformism

Passivity

‘ Catch-all’ arguments

BEYOND POLARITIES

MOMENT OF COUNTER-HEGEMONY What can be defined as the Moment of Counter Hydro-Hegemony ? Redistribution of water resources based on a truly egalitarian, rational and fair allocation? Assertion and extension of explicit water rights (for diverse users and uses)? Water classified as a public and collective asset? OR Erosion of the current power configuration and replacement of the current hydro-hegemon by another one, but still based on asymmetrical allocation of water resources? IDEAL ! SHIFT 

What can be defined as the Moment of Counter Hydro-Hegemony ?

Redistribution of water resources based on a truly egalitarian, rational and fair allocation? Assertion and extension of explicit water rights (for diverse users and uses)? Water classified as a public and collective asset?

OR

Erosion of the current power configuration and replacement of the current hydro-hegemon by another one, but still based on asymmetrical allocation of water resources?

3 – MECHANISMS OF RESISTANCE AND COUNTER-HEGEMONY 1 – Violent 2 – Functional 3 – Cooperative 4 – Liberating  See Nile case

1 – Violent

2 – Functional

3 – Cooperative

4 – Liberating

 See Nile case

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