Published on July 2, 2009
Sharing transboundary waters in the context of asymmetrical power relations: lessons from the MENA region ANA ELISA CASCÃO UNESCO-IHP HELP PROGRAM SEMINAR KCL /London Water Research Group Évora, 24-26 June 2009
MENA region: 3 major transboundary river basins NILE BASIN 10 riparian states JORDAN BASIN Nile 5 riparian states Jordan Tigris-Euphrates TIGRIS-EUPHRATES BASIN 3 riparian states COMPLEX COMPLEX [HYDRO] HYDROLOGY POLITICS
MENA river basins: Power Asymmetries 4 PILLARS OF POWER Material Bargaining Ideational Geography power power power Zeitoun and Warner, 2006 London Water Research Group
MENA river basins: Asymmetric power relations Nile Basin ETHIOPIA SUDAN EGYPT Material Ideational Ideational Geography power power power Bargaining Material Bargaining Geography power power power Material Bargaining Ideational Geography power power power Tigris-Euphrates Basin TURKEY SYRIA IRAQ Material Ideational Material Bargaining Ideational Geography power power power power power Bargaining Geography power Material Bargaining Ideational Geography power power power
MENA Basins: Hydropolitics vs. IWRMA Strong power asymmetries Asymmetric water control, distribution and allocation Political conflicts/volatility Militarisation/Securitisation of water resources “Resource capture” strategies Basin-wide water negotiations and agreements Inter-riparian confidence and dialogue Comprehensive transboundary water cooperation Integrated Water Resources Management and Allocation (IWRMA)
MENA Basins: Hydropolitics and Knowledge Knowledge, information and institutional [wide] gap Integration and harmonisation of knowledge and information Information sharing and exchange across borders Sanctioning of knowledge, discourse and agenda Multiple stakeholders involvement Scientific collaboration across borders Politicisation of science, models and decision support tools Decision-making controlled by politicians, not scientists or technicians Basin-wide, integrated knowledge and decision-making systems
MENA Basins: Science, Policy and Management Science OVER-POLITICISATION Policy POWER OF TRANSBOUNDARY ASYMMETRIES WATER MANAGEMENT Management AND ALLOCATION
Some conclusions... POWER OVER- ASYMMETRIES POLITICISATION Strong obstacles to: Meaningful and effective cooperation Sound science, policies, and management Information and data sharing systems Development of dialogue and linkages between epistemic and decision-making groups Comprehensive stakeholders involvement Fair negotiations of legal agreements based on international water law principles
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