Cascao Addis Ababa Knowledge For Water Equity Nile Basin 2006

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Information about Cascao Addis Ababa Knowledge For Water Equity Nile Basin 2006
Education

Published on July 24, 2009

Author: ana.cascao

Source: slideshare.net

KNOWLEDGE FOR WATER EQUITY IN THE NILE RIVER BASIN? Ana Elisa Cascão King’s College of London NBDF 2006

“ Knowledge is power” Francis Bacon

Knowlege Gap Upstream and Downstream riparians: ≠ Levels of expertise ≠ Water learning curve Knowledge gap and decision-making process: Initial positionalities Preparatory discussions Negotiations and bargaining procedures Final decision-making process Implementation and monitoring of projects

Upstream and Downstream riparians:

≠ Levels of expertise

≠ Water learning curve

Knowledge gap and decision-making process:

Initial positionalities

Preparatory discussions

Negotiations and bargaining procedures

Final decision-making process

Implementation and monitoring of projects

Water Learning Curve What to include in the learning curve? Production of expertise and scientific knowledge Higher education institutions Institutionalisation and centralisation of knowledge Ministries et al. Waterworks Libraries “ Numbers” World Egypt Sudan Ethiopia Pharaonic times Nowadays Colonial period 1970s-1980s

What to include in the learning curve?

Production of expertise and scientific knowledge

Higher education institutions

Institutionalisation and centralisation of knowledge

Ministries et al.

Waterworks

Libraries

“ Numbers”

Water History – Timeline Source: http://www.waterhistory.org

Measuring water - Nilometers 5,000 years measuring the water levels Goal: to measure and predict the annual flows of the Nile River Useful until dams/reservoirs were built Relevant for water control  “ Knowledge Accumulation”

5,000 years measuring the water levels

Goal: to measure and predict the annual flows of the Nile River

Useful until dams/reservoirs were built

Relevant for water control



“ Knowledge Accumulation”

Expertise - for the sake of comparison EGYPT 1st Water-related Ministry 1836 1st University 1908 1st Comprehensive survey British Admin.? Before? 1st Infrastructure 1812 14 National Agencies +Regional Center for Training and Water Studies Internationalisation of expertise Cairo -> US Univers. -> IOs Intern. Agencies based in Cairo: CEDARE Nile Basin Capacity Building Network for River Engineering (NBCBN-RE) UNESCO Friend-Nile Project NBI Applied Training Project ETHIOPIA 1st Water-related Ministry 1977/1990s 1st University 1986 1st Comprehensive survey 1964 USBR 1st Infrastructure 20th century No water-related postgraduate studies until recently (now Arba Minch and AAU) Intern. Agencies based in Addis: ENTRO Regional Office International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) International Water Management Institutee (IWMI) (all are very recent in Addis) Discontinuity Continuity

EGYPT

1st Water-related Ministry 1836

1st University 1908

1st Comprehensive survey British Admin.? Before?

1st Infrastructure 1812

14 National Agencies

+Regional Center for Training and Water Studies

Internationalisation of expertise

Cairo -> US Univers. -> IOs

Intern. Agencies based in Cairo:

CEDARE

Nile Basin Capacity Building Network for River Engineering (NBCBN-RE)

UNESCO Friend-Nile Project

NBI Applied Training Project

ETHIOPIA

1st Water-related Ministry 1977/1990s

1st University 1986

1st Comprehensive survey 1964 USBR

1st Infrastructure 20th century

No water-related postgraduate studies until recently (now Arba Minch and AAU)

Intern. Agencies based in Addis:

ENTRO Regional Office

International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)

International Water Management Institutee (IWMI)

(all are very recent in Addis)

The war of numbers Allocation = Quantification? Numbers = Negotiation and Bargaining Power? How much water do ‘we’ have, use, control, need? Compatible knowledge(s)? New Treaty with words but without numbers?

Allocation = Quantification?

Numbers = Negotiation and Bargaining Power?

How much water do ‘we’ have, use, control, need?

Compatible knowledge(s)?

New Treaty

with words

but without numbers?

Knowledge from who? Too much technical /engineering Too much technocrat (national-based) Too much economics (profit-based) Integrated Water Management = Integrated Water Knowledge ? Should include socio-economic knowledge Should include several epistemic communities – e.g. sociologists, anthropologists, environmentalists, non-governmental parties, etc

Too much technical /engineering

Too much technocrat (national-based)

Too much economics (profit-based)

Integrated Water Management

=

Integrated Water Knowledge ?

Should include socio-economic knowledge

Should include several epistemic communities – e.g. sociologists, anthropologists, environmentalists, non-governmental parties, etc

Knowledge for Water Equity? Pessimist scenario Knowledge is power in favour of Inequity Optimistic scenario Knowledge for Equity

Pessimist scenario

Knowledge is power in favour of Inequity

Optimistic scenario

Knowledge for Equity

Thank you! Good Afternoon!

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