cartilage students

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Information about cartilage students
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Published on December 30, 2007

Author: aksu

Source: authorstream.com

Slide1:  Hyaline Cartilage articular cartilage larynx rib and costal cartilage nasal septum Elastic Cartilage epiglottis Fibrocartilage Intervertebral disk meniscus Meniscus Articular Cartilage Trabecular Bone Cortical Bone Tissues are classified by their biochemical composition, molecular microstructure, biomechanical properties and function. Slide3:  Support large loads gymnastics Walking Lubrication AC/Meniscus Functions: Interested in these structures because when they “breakdown” we get osteoarthritis Articular Cartilage:  Articular Cartilage Important to understand Mechanical properties of normal cartilage Manner by which biochemical and structural factors contribute to the material properties of cartilage Manner by which changes in tissue composition affect the mechanical properties of cartilage Diarthrodial joint:  Diarthrodial joint Fibrous capsule Inside lined with synovium which secretes synovial fluid Microstructure (Solid and Fluid Phase):  Microstructure (Solid and Fluid Phase) Interstitial water Articular cartilage 68-85%, meniscus 60-70% Interstitial Water:  Interstitial Water Constant with age Increases with OA or degeneration Amount of water is dependent on Interstitial water:  Interstitial water Ions- As tissue is compressed-Frictional drag force on walls of the pores of the solid matrix due to interstitial fluid flow through the pores of collagen-PG matrix Microstructure (Solid and Fluid Phase):  Microstructure (Solid and Fluid Phase) Collagen Proteoglycans Cells No blood or nerves in cartilage Collagen: made up of molecules (tropocollagen--1.4 nm) that polymerize to form fibrils :  Collagen: made up of molecules (tropocollagen--1.4 nm) that polymerize to form fibrils Type II (AC), forms bundles, with diam.=2 to 10 microns Type I (meniscus), forms fibrils, with diam. = 20-200 nm Collagen Orientation:  Collagen Orientation Collagen Orientation:  Collagen Orientation Proteoglycan: protein with bound side chains (glycosaminoglycans):  Proteoglycan: protein with bound side chains (glycosaminoglycans) Proteoglycans:  Proteoglycans Negative charge attracts +ions (K and Na) Swelling pressure PG want to be 5-10 times larger, but not enough room in cartilage Cells: Chondrocytes:  Cells: Chondrocytes Material Properties:  Material Properties Steel is linear elastic (E,) Soft tissues ARE NOT!! Water movement (forces depend on rate-damping) STEEL Material Properties:  Material Properties Viscoelastic behavior are dominated by frictional drag of interstitial fluid flow through the porous collagen-proteoglycan solid matrix, thus causing viscous dissipation Material Properties-Anisotropy/Inhomogeneous:  Material Properties-Anisotropy/Inhomogeneous Transversely Isotropic Inhomogeneous Constitutive Equation: :  Constitutive Equation: Linear Elastic Materials (Steel) Hookes’ Law:  = E Viscoelastic materials (AC/meniscus) Biphasic Theory (2 phase) Triphasic Theory (3 phase) Tension:  Tension Equilibrium Tensile Modulus (1-30 MPa) Type of tissue Age of animal Type of joint Sample location Depth of sample (surface = 10MPa, Middle =4.5MPa) Relative orientation Biochemical comp/ molecular structure State of degeneration (Normal =10MPa, OA=1.4MPa) Tension:  Tension Compression:  Compression Compressive Aggregate Modulus (HA)(0.4-1.5 MPa) Force time Deform time Confined Compression Creep Test Compression:  Compression HA varies inversely with water content *OA patients have increased water HA varies directly with PG content Not dependent on collagen content Shear:  Shear Shear:  Shear Methods of Failure-Cartilage:  Methods of Failure-Cartilage Fracture – Fracture with Bone Wear Degeneration Blunt Trauma (intense compression and shear forces) Bone Bone Methods of Failure - Meniscus:  Methods of Failure - Meniscus Degeneration Tearing

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