Cancer Prevention

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Information about Cancer Prevention

Published on March 13, 2014

Author: pord_33



All you wanted to know about Cancer Care and Prevention

American Cancer Society Cancer Resource Network Connecting Cancer Patients to Information and Resources Amy Peters, M.S. February 28, 2014

American Cancer Society Mission The American Cancer Society is the nationwide community-based voluntary health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer as a major health problem by preventing cancer, saving lives and diminishing suffering from cancer, through research, education, advocacy and service.

What We Do – Save Lives Helping people stay well By educating them on steps they can take to prevent cancer and find it early Helping people get well By providing accurate and timely informational, emotional, and practical support services Funding cancer research To further understand its causes, determine how best to prevent it, and discover new ways to cure it. Encouraging federal and state lawmakers to fight cancer By continuing government funding of cancer research, creating smoke-free communities, and

What is cancer?  Cancer is a group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells.  Cancer can be caused by both external factors and internal factors

Cancers that can be prevented or detected early by screening account for at least half of all new cancer cases. Cancer Facts & Figures 2009 Prevention & Early Detection

All cancers caused by cigarette smoking and heavy use of alcohol could be prevented completely. Prevention & Early Detection

Scientific evidence suggests that about one-third of the cancer deaths expected to occur in 2010 will be related to overweight or obesity, physical inactivity and nutrition. Cancer Facts & Figures 2010 Prevention & Detection

While you can’t change your genetics, there are many things you can do to lower your risk for cancer. Cancer Risk Factors

Five lifesaving things you can do: 1. Don’t use tobacco 2. Maintain a healthy weight and adopt a physically active lifestyle 3. Consume a healthy diet with an emphasis on fruits and vegetables 4. Protect yourself from the sun 5. Get recommended screening tests Reduce Your Risk

Cancer Early Detection  Develop a good relationship with your physician. Be open and honest in your discussions.  He/she can educate you on early detection tests and screening tests.  Bring a list of things you would like to discuss with your physician.  Be empowered to ask for what screenings you need. Don’t always wait for your provider to bring it up.  Example: “What early detection tests should I consider? How often should I have them done?”

 Women at average risk should begin annual mammograms at age 40.  Clinical breast exams should be part of a periodic health exam – every 3 years for women in their 20s and 30s and every year for women 40 and older.  Women should know how their breasts normally feel so they can promptly report any changes to their physician.  Women at increased risk (family history, genetic tendency or past breast cancer) should talk with their physician about their options. Breast Cancer

Cervical Cancer  Screening should begin approximately 3 years after a woman begins to have vaginal intercourse, but no later than 21 years of age.  Cervical screening should be done every year with regular Pap tests or every two years using liquid-based Pap tests. At or after age 30, women who have had three normal test results in a row may get screened every two to three years. But a physician may suggest getting the test more often if a woman has certain risk factors such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or a weakened immune system.  Women 70 years of age and older who have had three or more normal Pap test results and no abnormal results in the last 10 years may choose to stop cervical cancer screening.

Colorectal Cancer Beginning at age 50, men and women of average risk should follow one of these screening options: Tests that detect polyps and cancer:  Flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5 years  Colonoscopy every 10 years  Double contrast barium enema every 5 years  Computed Tomographic (CT) colonography every 5 years Tests that primarily detect cancer:  A guaiac-based fecal occult blood test (gFOBT) or fecal immunochemical test (FIT) every year  Stool DNA test (interval uncertain)

Prostate Cancer The American Cancer Society recommends that men discuss the potential benefits and limitations of prostate cancer early detection testing with their health care provider beginning at age 50 Men at high risk should have this conversation at age 45. Men at high risk include African-Americans and men who have a close relative (father, brother, or son)who had prostate cancer before age 65.

Fighting Back Relay for Life Making Strides Against Breast Cancer

Saving Lives through Research

Cancer Resource Network The American Cancer Society is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, to help guide you through every step of a cancer experience. Referral for day-to-day questions such as financial, insurance, transportation, and lodging. Connection to others who have been there for emotional support. Easy to understand information to help you make decisions about your care. 1.800.227.2345

Information How can ACS help?  Phone help: 1-800-227-2345  On the internet:  Clinical Trials Matching Service  Tools to help with treatment decisions

Cancer Survivors Network

Cancer Education Classes I Can Cope

Day-to-Day Help How can ACS help?  Finding lodging and transportation  Financial and insurance questions  Prescription drug assistance

Patient Navigation Program •On-Site in Healthcare Facilities to Provide • Community Resources • Information • Programs • Services •Resource Help • Finances • Housing • Transportation

Road to Recovery Road to Recovery is an American Cancer Society service program with a mission to improve the quality of life for patients undergoing cancer care by providing transportation to their treatments and medical appointments and home again. Transportation is provided according to the needs and available resources in the community.

Hope Lodge Rochester Twin Cities Marshfield Iowa City

Emotional Support How can ACS help?  Finding local support groups  Online community for cancer patients and their families

Peer and Emotional Support Programs Reach to Recovery

Look Good… Feel Better Self Esteem, Bonding, Laughter, Networking, Hope

American Cancer Society Cancer Resource Network Questions?

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