Published on February 21, 2014
Campus Commitment for Equal Access Lokesh Mehra firstname.lastname@example.org
Some Disability Statistics More than 1 billion people in the World and Estimated 70 million in India • 1 in 4 have a visual difficulty or impairment • 1 in 4 have a dexterity difficulty or impairment • 1 in 5 have a hearing difficulty or impairment • 1 in 7 have a cognitive difficulty or impairment and many more…. Research Study Commissioned by Microsoft & Conducted by Forester “The Wide Range of Abilities and Its Impact on Computer Technology”
What is Accessibility? The ease with which one can reach a certain place, access information, use technology Civil right - Right to participate within a society on an equal footing with everyone else Products should be designed and developed such that it can be used by people with or without disabilities
Is Let’s Think Beyond Ramps! this only about Infrastructure? Software Websites Mobile Forms Documents Presentation Kiosk Books
Technology for Everyone Traditional Disability Temporary Condition Customer Preference • Blindness • Deafness or Hard of Hearing • Mobility • Language & Speech • Learning • Repetitive Stress Injury • Eye Fatigue • Injury or Surgery • Environmental Factors • Noise & Lighting • Simpler User Interface • Color Adjustment • Font Size • Input Device • Mouse vs. Stylus • Keyboard vs. Speech
What is accessible technology ? Accessibility features Assistive technology Compatibility
Classrooms can benefit from using accessible technology Every classroom may have a student who: • Has a hard time seeing the board and can benefit from making the PC easier to see • Has a hard time concentrating and can benefit from making the PC less cluttered. • Has difficulty hearing the teacher speak and can benefit from making the PC easier to hear Accessibility empowers all students with accessible technology that enables personalized learning.
Impact in the classroom Personalized Learning and Accessibility • Personalized learning shifts the focus from what is being taught to what is being learned—the student’s needs and style become central to the learning process. • Accessibility in the classroom enables students of all abilities, special needs, and disabilities, to have the same educational opportunities. Make it easier to Personalize& use see, hear the PC more comfortably Save teachers time and effort Support learning style differences Assist special needs students
Personalized Learning & Accessibility • Every child learns in a unique way • Technology is key • There is a need for accessible technology in campuses • The Challenge: Inclusive classrooms with equal access for all students • Providing accessible technology is an institute responsibility – Enables all students to have the same educational opportunities
Winds of Change New York State Information Technology Policy – 2010 Establishes minimum accessibility requirements for web based information and applications developed. The Illinois Information Technology Accessibility Act (IITAA) Ensures that their web sites, information systems, and information technologies are accessible to people with disabilities. The Americans with Disabilities Act & Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act Requires the States to ensure accessibility Guideline for Indian Government Websites (GIGW) (http://web.guidelines.gov.in) clearly states that websites need to be citizen centric and include Universal Accessibility as a requirement Close to 6,000 government websites Problem faced - the websites themselves; - documents that are available on these websites.
Microsoft’s commitment to accessibility Develop Integrating accessibility into product planning, R&D and testing. Innovate Facilitating industry to create next generation accessible technology. Collaborate Building strong relationships with technology partners, governments and NGOs. Support Promote broader digital inclusion through Global Policy Agendas. Our vision is to create innovative technology that is accessible to everyone and that adapts to each person's needs. Accessible technology eliminates barriers for people with disabilities and it enables individuals to take full advantage of their capabilities." —Bill Gates
Windows 8 Accessibility Features • Touch Ease of Access Center • Keyboard shortcuts Magnifier • Sticky Keys On-Screen Keyboard • Mouse Keys Narrator • Filter Keys Speech Recognition • Visual Notifications Change text size • Captions Personalization Built-in support for USB peripherals like head Mic, Joysticks, headsets, & input switches www.microsoft.com/education/enable
Accessibility Checker Allows to create more accessible content • By checking & reviewing to fix potential accessibility problems • Check list Pictures Tables Shapes Graphs Video & audio files Hyperlinks Headings More……….. Office 2013 ribbon with access key numbers and letters displayed
List of templates (http://www.microsoft.com/india/msindia/template_library.aspx) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. Application for Scholarship Application for continuation of award of National Scholarship Act Basic Act Complex ADIP Installment 1 ADIP Installment 2 Annual Report Basic Annual Report Columnar Budget Census Circular Basic Circular Complex Circular Extended Citizen Charter Basic Citizen Charter Complex Demi-Official letter Endorsement Five Year Plan Basic Five Year Plan Columnar Form 6 - Application for Inclusion of name in Electoral Roll 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. Gazette Notification Basic Gazette Notification Complex Gazette Notification with Table Inter-departmental note Law Template Letter (with endorsement) Notification Notification Basic Office Memorandum Order Order Basic Order Complex Order Extended Policy Basic Policy Complex Press Communique note Resolution Schemes Basic Schemes Complex Scheme of National Scholarship for PWD - Part A
Scenario #1:Student who has a visual impairment and is colour blind Student scenario: Jayanti has a visual impairment and is colour blind. She needs to have what she is reading on the computer enlarged or magnified, and needs to rely on text, rather than color, for information. Accessibility solutions: • Try a High Contrast color scheme in Windows to make the PC easier to see • Make text larger, change font • Try Magnifier • Run the Office 2013 Accessibility Checker on Word files sent to Jayanti • Audio descriptions, screen readers, speech recognition
#2:Student who is hard-of-hearing Student scenario: Christina is hard-ofhearing so she needs to be able to adjust the volume on her computer. She uses headphones to block out background noise and increases the volume without disrupting other learners in the classroom. She also may need to watch parts of videos more than once to make sure she doesn’t miss anything that is being said. Accessibility solutions: • Computer volume • Change computer sounds • Text and visual alternatives for sounds – such as captions • Headsets
#3: Student who has difficulty concentrating Student scenario: Raghu has been diagnosed with attention deficit disorder (ADD) which makes it difficult for him to concentrate sometimes. He would benefit from reducing visual and auditory distractions while using the computer. He needs the computer to assist him in better focusing on reading and typing tasks. Accessibility solutions: • • • • • • Clean up and simplify the desktop Choose appropriate color schemes and themes Use the whole screen to read Review spelling, grammar, and word choices Use Speech Recognition Try Microsoft OneNote SSA TN –Kinect as an enhanced learning tool for children with cognitive disabilities.
The ABC’s of Selecting Accessible Technology Selecting Accessible Technology Disability & Impairment A. Identifying the right mix of accessibility solutions • Needs assessments • Accessibility consultants globally • Online training Vision impairments B. Assistive Technology product starter guide • Purchasing assistive technology C. Assistive technology decision tree • By impairment Making the device easier to see, hear & use Hearing impairments & Deafness & Mobility & dexterity impairments Learning impairments Language impairments
GOING FORWARD PLEASE ACCOUNT FOR • Accessible Websites • Accessible Events – Sign interpreters (if required), Captions for webcasts • Conducive Infrastructure including – Reserved parking – Readers in libraries – Special placement opportunities – Building maps outlining areas, etc. • Alternate formats for Campus Publications • Notify concerned faculty – maintain confidentiality WE CAN
thank you and let’s continue our conversation Twitter @lokesh_mehra www.microsoft.com/enable/
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