Camera, angles & movement

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Information about Camera, angles & movement

Published on September 24, 2015

Author: paige_rowell


1. Camera ShotsExtreme Close Up Extreme Long Shot Mid Shot Close Up Also known at an establishing shot. It gives the audience an insight of the time, location and production. It is usually used at the start of a production and provides with information on the setting and storyline. Mid shot follows a long shot and provides the audience with a view of the character from the waist up. The director enables the audience to become more familiar with the character and their motivations in the narrative. Facial expressions and body language are also more detailed. Close up shot shows the characters head and possibly their shoulders, with very little background. It enables the director to focus on the characters emotions at that time. It may also frame and object of significance. Draws attention into the characters emotions as their attention is only on the character. This is very intense for the audience because they cant see anything else around them and it is an unfamiliar view point.

2. This shot consists of two characters and expresses their relationship with each other and the actions they find themselves in. Audience sees the characters point of view, an object of significance or the view of the action. This shot engages the audience with the characters motives. This shot is usually followed after an extreme long shot, including a character. It enables the audience to see the character from head to toe and understand the relationship between the character and their environment. Two Shot Point of View Long Shot

3. Angle Shots Low Angle Shot Over The Shoulder High Angle Shot Over the shoulder shot is a view from over the characters shoulder. It focusses on the view of the action or an object of significance. It is usually used during a conversation or interaction between two characters. The camera is placed at the angle which points down towards the character. It gives the audience a sense of the characters vulnerability and is often used in scenes of confrontation and when characters are defeated. The camera is placed at an angle which points up towards the character. It gives the audience a sense of the characters power and males them feel vulnerable to the character.

4. Movement Shots Panning Shot Tilt Shot Arc Crane Crab Shot A crab shot or the side ways shot, is used to follow movement of an object of significance or a character. This enables the audience to keep pace with the action. A tilt shot is an upwards or downwards movement on an axis. Upwards movement is used by director to show a sense of height and power. It also allows the audience to follow the action. An arc shot is a full or semi circle around objects, setting or characters. It enables the audience to see the reaction of characters and increases intensity. For a panning shot, a camera is mounted on a tripod and moved from left or right, vice versa. It is used to follow a moving object in the frame.

5. Crane Shot Zoom Tracking Shot During a tracking shot a camera is placed on a dolly to ensure that there is smooth movement. Tracking out signifies to the audience that the action in that scene is over. Tracking in draws the audience into the action. Zoom is used to create movement into or away from a character or object of significance. It also simulates a tracking shot. A crane shot is a camera attached to a crane for a high up view. Directors use this to follow action in a vertical direction.

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