Calvin Dude

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Published on August 7, 2007

Author: Peppar

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Slide1:  Calvin…The man and his mission:  Calvin… The man and his mission by Augie Barajas History of the Modern Church Instructor : Richard A. Zone Azusa Pacific University John Calvin:  John Calvin In The Year Of Slide4:  Born on July 10, 1509 b. In the City of Noyon, France (Penning, 8-9) c. Father - Gerard Calvin Born in Pont l’Eveque (Not far from Noyon) Of the same race of the Picardians Family were seamen Slide5:  d. Mother - Johanna Le Franc Daughter of an inn-keeper who had retired and moved to Noyon Met and married Gerard in 1947 A pious woman Influenced John Calvin’s life by taking him to visit Abbaye d’Ourscamp to worship the shrine of St. Anne. (Penning, 1954, 8-9) Slide6:  a. Obtained his first benefice at the age of 12 (Hunt, 1933, 17-18). Slide7:  a. Transferred to the College de Montaigu because the College de la Marche was too liberal. b. Introduced to scholastic philosophy under the instruction of Noel Beda. c. Met Pierre Robert Olivetan who influenced Calvin to set himself to the serious study of the Scriptures. (Parker, 1954,13-14) Slide8:  At 19 years Calvin returned to the University of Paris and obtained a Master of Arts in Paris. At 19 years Calvin’s father redirected his son’s education toward law at the University of Orleans where he studied cannon and civil law. b. Orleans was located in North Central France 80 miles South West of Paris. Studied under a Lutheran Melchior Womar who had a great influence upon him. Slide9:  He attended Bourges University About a 150 miles South of Paris It’s main teachings was the study of law Here Calvin studied and perfected the methods of his mentor Andrea Alciati in the following: Slide10:  Here Calvin studied and perfected the methods of his mentor Andrea Alciati in the following: Roman Law Wars of Religion The broadest understanding of Latin and Greek Classical Authors and institutions In 1527 Calvin had learned to be a humanist and a reformer Slide11:  Upon the death of his father, Calvin felt free to follow his own desires in regards to education He immediately entered the study of ancient language and literature under the royal lecture established by Francis I at Paris Slide12:  Calvin was whole heartedly on the side of the Reformation but did not want to be troubled with the problems that followed the heels of the Reformers Slide13:  In 1533 an event occurred which altered his life. Nicholas Cop, the rector of the University of Paris and a close friend of Calvin, preached a university sermon in which he attached the Paris theologians. The theologians became furious; they retaliated and tried to have Cop arrested for heresy. Apparently Calvin had a hand in the composition of the sermon. He was also forced to flee and escaped Paris just in time to avoid arrest. (Nixon 1950, 33-34) Slide14:  Calvin experienced a significant religious conversion. This was no mere intellectual commitment to the cause of the Reformation – he had already experienced that. It was an encounter with God which completely transformed his life. From that time forward he was fully committed to a ministry of proclaiming the Word of God and purifying the life of the church. Slide15:  Calvin traveled extensively throughout France and began to develop his own system of theological thought. In 1535 Calvin completed the writing of the Institutes, and they were published in 1536. Slide16:  In 1536, detoured by military movements, Calvin met William Farel, a zealous leader of the first stage of reform in the city, in the city of Geneva. Farel pled with Calvin to remain in Geneva and help establish the city firmly in the Reformation camp. Calvin refused to heed Farel’s plea, telling him that he had planned certain studies, and that these would not be possible in the confused situation Farel was describing. Farel then made a comment to Calvin that would forever change his life. Farel said, 'May God condemn your repose, and the calm you seek for study, if before such a great need you withdraw, and refuse your succor (relief) and help.' Calvin wrote of this, 'these words shocked and broke me, and I desisted from the journey I had begun.' Thus began his career as the reformer of Geneva. (Gonzalez,1985, 133) Slide17:  Calvin returned to his journey to Strassburg where he met Martin Bucer, the leader of the Reformation in Strassburg. b. Martin Bucer insisted that Calvin become the pastor of the Strassburg church, where he also produced a French liturgy, as well as French translations of several psalms and other hymns. Slide18:  Calvin prepared the second edition of the Institutes which included four books with a total of eighty chapters. The first book treats of God and Revelation, as well as of Creation and the Nature of the Human Creature. The second is concerned with God as Redeemer. The third shows how, through the Spirit we can share in the grace of Jesus Christ, and the fruit this produces. The fourth book deals with the 'external means' to that sharing, that is, the church and the sacraments. This work was completed 20 years later in 1560 (Gonzalez, 63-64). Slide19:  The second edition published at Strassburg in 1539 was much larger and clearly more Calvinistic (Hyma, 44). Slide20:  Published a commentarCalvin sought marriage to affirm his approval of marriage over celibacy. He asked friends to help him find a woman who was 'modest, not haughty, not extravagant, patient, and solicitous (considerate) for my health'. In 1540 he met and married Idelette de Bure who came from a village that today is a Dutch providence. She was a widow of John Stordeur, an Anabaptist from Liege in the southern Netherlands, now known as Belgium. Slide21:  Published a commentary on Paul’s letter to the Romans. (Hyma 56,57). Slide22:  Calvin returned to Geneva upon the invitation of a new city government. As soon as he arrived he set about revolutionizing Geneva society by incorporating the church into the city government. He began a series of statue reforms to impose a strict and uncompromising moral code on the city. Following the history of the earliest church recounted the New Testament book, The Acts of the Apostles, Calvin divided church organization into four levels: Slide23:  Pastors: These were five men who exercised authority over religious matters in Geneva. Teachers: This was a larger group whose job it was to teach doctrine to the population. Elders: The Elders were twelve men (after the twelve Apostles) who were chosen by the municipal council; their job was to oversee everything that everybody did in the city. Deacons: Modeled after the Seven in Acts 6-8, the deacons were appointed to care for the sick, the elderly, the widowed and the poor. Slide24:  There followed the French translation of the Institutes that where published in Strassburg. (Battles, 1996, 47-57). Slide25:  On April 7, 1549, Calvin’s wife Idelette died. Calvin wrote to Virete, the pastor at Lausanne: 'I have lost the excellent companion of my life, who never would have left me in exile or in pain, or in death. So long as she lived, she was a precious help to me. Never occupied with herself, and never being to her husband a trouble nor a hindrance…I suppress my grief as much as I can; my friends make it their duty to console me; but they and I myself effect little.' (Flant, 1971) Slide26:  Calvin prepared a list of thirty eight accusations against Michael Servetus who was a heretic condemned by both catholic and protestants was arrested and burned to death. (Hooker,1996,60) Slide27:  At 50 years old Calvin saw the fulfillment of his dream in the opening of the Geneva Academy under the direction of Theodore Beza who succeeded him as theological leader of the city. The youth of Geneva were educated according to Calvinist principles. These students of various parts of Europe took Calvinism with them. (The final publishing of the Institutes were published. Gonzalez , 1985). Slide28:  At 55 years old Calvin saw his end approaching and said farewell to his closest associates. Calvin’s health began to fail when he suffered migraines, lung hemorrhages, gout and kidney stones. At times he was carried to the pulpit. Calvin would spend his private moments on Lake Geneva and read scripture while drinking red wine. Towards the end Calvin said to his friends who were worried about his daily regimen of work, 'What! Would you have the Lord find me idle when He comes?' (Barry, Vol. 3). Slide29:  Farel, who had taken the responsibility of leading the reformation in near by Neuchatel paid his friend one last visit (Gonzalez, 68). John Calvin died in Geneva on May 27, 1564. He was buried in the Cimetiere des Rois under a tombstone marked simply with the initials 'J.C.', partially honoring his request that he be buried in an unknown place, without witnesses or ceremony (Barry, Vol. 3). 1 5 6 4 Slide30:  The Influence of Calvinism in the World As much as Calvin’s practice in Geneva, his publications spread his ideas of a correctly reformed church to many parts of Europe. Calvinism became the theological system of the majority in Scotland, the Netherlands, and parts of Germany and was influential in France, Hungary (especially in Transylvania) and Poland. Most settlers in the American Mid-Atlantic and New England were Calvinists, including the Puritans and Dutch settlers of New Amsterdam (New York). Dutch Calvinist settlers were also the first successful European colonizers of South Africa, beginning in the 17th century, who became known as Boers or Afrikaners. Sierra Leone was largely colonized by Calvinist settlers from Nova Scotia, who were largely Black Loyalists, blacks who had fought for the British during the American War of Independence. John Marrant had organized a congregation there under the auspices of the Huntingdon Connection. Some of the largest Calvinist communions were started by 19th and 20th century missionaries; especially large are those in Korea and Nigeria. Slide31:  In conclusion, the five points of Calvinism, which can be remembered by the English acronym T.U.L.I.P. with supporting passages from the Bible, are: Total Depravity Unconditional Election Limited Atonement Irresistible Grace Perseverance of the Saints Slide32:        Total Depravity Sin has affected all parts of man. The heart, emotions, will, mind, and body are all affected by sin. We are completely sinful. We are not as sinful as we could be, but we are completely affected by sin.       The doctrine of Total Depravity is derived from scriptures that reveal human character: Man’s heart is evil (Mark 7:21-23) and sick (Jer. 17:9). Man is a slave of sin (Rom. 6:20). He does not seek for God (Rom. 3:10-12). He cannot understand spiritual things (1 Cor. 2:14). He is at enmity with God (Eph. 2:15). And, is by nature a child of wrath (Eph. 2:3). The Calvinist asks the question, 'In light of the scriptures that declare man’s true nature as being utterly lost and incapable, how is it possible for anyone to choose or desire God?' The answer is, 'He cannot. Therefore God must predestine.'      Calvinism also maintains that because of our s fallen nature we are born again not by our own will but God’s will (John 1:12-13); God grants that we believe (Phil. 1:29); faith is the work of God (John 6:28-29); God appoints people to believe (Acts 13:48); and God predestines (Eph. 1:1-11; Rom. 8:29; 9:9-23). Slide33:  Unconditional Election:      God does not base His election on anything He sees in the individual. He chooses the elect according to the kind intention of His will (Eph. 1:4-8; Rom. 9:11) without any consideration of merit within the individual. Nor does God look into the future to see who would pick Him. Also, as some are elected into salvation, others are not (Rom. 9:15, 21). Slide34:  Limited Atonement:      Jesus died only for the elect. Though Jesus’ sacrifice was sufficient for all, it was not efficacious for all. Jesus only bore the sins of the elect. Support for this position is drawn from such scriptures as Matt. 26:28 where Jesus died for ‘many'; John 10:11, 15 which say that Jesus died for the sheep (not the goats, per Matt. 25:32-33); John 17:9 where Jesus in prayer interceded for the ones given Him, not those of the entire world; Acts 20:28 and Eph. 5:25-27 which state that the Church was purchased by Christ, not all people; and Isaiah 53:12 which is a prophecy of Jesus’ crucifixion where he would bore the sins of many (not all). Slide35:  Irresistible Grace:      When God calls his elect into salvation, they cannot resist. God offers to all people the gospel message. This is called the external call. But to the elect, God extends an internal call and it cannot be resisted. This call is by the Holy Spirit who works in the hearts and minds of the elect to bring them to repentance and regeneration whereby they willingly and freely come to God. Some of the verses used in support of this teaching are Romans 9:16 where it says that 'it is not of him who wills nor of him who runs, but of God who has mercy'; Philippians 2:12-13 where God is said to be the one working salvation in the individual; John 6:28-29 where faith is declared to be the work of God; Acts 13:48 where God appoints people to believe; and John 1:12-13 where being born again is not by man’s will, but by God’s. Slide36:  Perseverance of the Saints:      You cannot lose your salvation. Because the Father has elected, the Son has redeemed, and the Holy Spirit has applied salvation, those thus saved are eternally secure. They are eternally secure in Christ. Some of the verses for this position are John 10:27-28 where Jesus said His sheep will never perish; John 6:47 where salvation is described as everlasting life; Romans 8:1 where it is said we have passed out of judgment; 1 Corinthians 10:13 where God promises to never let us be tempted beyond what we can handle; and Phil. 1:6 where God is the one being faithful to perfect us until the day of Jesus’ return. (Barry, Vol 3). Slide37:  A dog barks when his master is attacked. I would be a coward if I saw that God's truth is attacked and yet would remain silent. All the blessings we enjoy are Divine deposits, committed to our trust on this condition, that they should be dispensed for the benefit of our neighbors. Augustine does not disagree with this when he teaches that it is a faculty of the reason and the will to choose good with the assistance of grace; evil, when grace is absent. Every one of us is, even from his mother's womb, a master craftsman of idols. For there is no one so great or mighty that he can avoid the misery that will rise up against him when he resists and strives against God. God preordained, for his own glory and the display of His attributes of mercy and justice, a part of the human race, without any merit of their own, to eternal salvation, and another part, in just punishment of their sin, to eternal damnation. God tolerates even our stammering, and pardons our ignorance whenever something inadvertently escapes us - as, indeed, without this mercy there would be no freedom to pray. Slide38:  However many blessings we expect from God, His infinite liberality will always exceed all our wishes and our thoughts. I consider looseness with words no less of a defect than looseness of the bowels. Is it faith to understand nothing, and merely submit your convictions implicitly to the Church? Knowledge of the sciences is so much smoke apart from the heavenly science of Christ. Man's mind is like a store of idolatry and superstition; so much so that if a man believes his own mind it is certain that he will forsake God and forge some idol in his own brain. Slide39:  I consider looseness with words no less of a defect than looseness of the bowels. Is it faith to understand nothing, and merely submit your convictions implicitly to the Church? Knowledge of the sciences is so much smoke apart from the heavenly science of Christ. Man's mind is like a store of idolatry and superstition; so much so that if a man believes his own mind it is certain that he will forsake God and forge some idol in his own brain. No man is excluded from calling upon God, the gate of salvation is set open unto all men: neither is there any other thing which keepeth us back from entering in, save only our own unbelief. Slide40:  Seeing that a Pilot steers the ship in which we sail, who will never allow us to perish even in the midst of shipwrecks, there is no reason why our minds should be overwhelmed with fear and overcome with weariness. The torture of a bad conscience is the hell of a living soul. There is no worse screen to block out the Spirit than confidence in our own intelligence. There is not one blade of grass; there is no color in this world that is not intended to make us rejoice. We must remember that Satan has his miracles, too. Yet consider now, whether women are not quite past sense and reason, when they want to rule over men. You must submit to supreme suffering in order to discover the completion of joy. (www.brainyquotes.com/johncalvin/) B.`:  B.` Slide42:  Slide43:  Slide44:  b.`1`:  b.`1` Slide46:  Slide47:  Slide48:  Slide49:  Slide50:  Slide51:  Slide52:  Slide53:  Slide54:  Slide55:  Slide56:  Slide57:  Slide58:  Slide59:  Slide60:  Slide61:  Slide62:  The End

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