Calvary SS - The Life of Paul - Background: Paul in Rome

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Information about Calvary SS - The Life of Paul - Background: Paul in Rome
Spiritual

Published on March 22, 2009

Author: cbcslides

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Background of the Kingdom of Rome for the Life of Paul: Introduction Sunday School Class.

 

Background Presentation Outline Introduction to Acts 27:1 – 28:31 The 2 kingdoms Rome: Overview and City P – Paul A – Apartment C – City Rome: Historical and Political E – Empire The Republic: the Early Republic The Republic: the Late Republic The Empire Conclusion

Introduction to Acts 27:1 – 28:31

The 2 kingdoms

Rome: Overview and City

P – Paul

A – Apartment

C – City

Rome: Historical and Political

E – Empire

The Republic: the Early Republic

The Republic: the Late Republic

The Empire

Conclusion

Introduction The 2 kingdoms The Kingdom of Rome Britannia to Mesopotamia Peace and prosperity achieved by force The Kingdom of God Inauspicious

The 2 kingdoms

The Kingdom of Rome

Britannia to Mesopotamia

Peace and prosperity achieved by force

The Kingdom of God

Inauspicious

Rome: Overview and City Paul - Led and forewarned by Spirit to Rome - Outworking of conviction amidst Roman system of politics and law - Remains in Rome for 2 years under guard

Paul

- Led and forewarned by Spirit to Rome

- Outworking of conviction amidst Roman system of politics and law

- Remains in Rome for 2 years under guard

The City The Legend - The remnant of Troy - The twins: Romulus and Remus - Romulus founds settlement on the 7 hills

The Legend

- The remnant of Troy

- The twins: Romulus and Remus

- Romulus founds settlement on the 7 hills

The City Time of Paul- a city of a million people Unparalleled wealth with hundreds of private mansions, beautiful buildings with marble facades and numerous temples Fresh water supply and sewers

Time of Paul- a city of a million people

Unparalleled wealth with hundreds of private mansions, beautiful buildings with marble facades and numerous temples

Fresh water supply and sewers

The City The mansions served by slaves Tenement housing - objects of speculation - poor quality - fire hazards - water?

The mansions served by slaves

Tenement housing

- objects of speculation

- poor quality

- fire hazards

- water?

Apartment Did Paul stay in private housing? Consider rents Did he stay in an inn or boarding house? presence of guard, lack of privacy and immorality Quite likely he rented apartment Q: Money? Hint: Acts 21:24

Did Paul stay in private housing?

Consider rents

Did he stay in an inn or boarding house?

presence of guard, lack of privacy and immorality

Quite likely he rented apartment

Q: Money? Hint: Acts 21:24

Rome: Historical and Political The Early Republic (6 th to 2nd C, BCE) Expelled last Etruscan king Power vested in senate, became republic 2 magistrates, later called consuls preside Senate drawn from Patricians and Plebeians Single language - Latin

The Early Republic (6 th to 2nd C, BCE)

Expelled last Etruscan king

Power vested in senate, became republic

2 magistrates, later called consuls preside

Senate drawn from Patricians and Plebeians

Single language - Latin

The Early Republic (cont’d) Beginnings of colonial power in uniting peninsula. Full unity 270 BC Expands by alliances or conquest – compulsory supply of men for army Network of roads Expands beyond peninsula and defeats Carthage (2 nd and 3 rd Cent BC) Defeats Antiochus III of Syria, conquers Macedon and Greece by 146 BC Dominates En Med, NW Africa, Spain and Gaul Governs by proconsuls

Beginnings of colonial power in uniting peninsula. Full unity 270 BC

Expands by alliances or conquest – compulsory supply of men for army

Network of roads

Expands beyond peninsula and defeats Carthage (2 nd and 3 rd Cent BC)

Defeats Antiochus III of Syria, conquers Macedon and Greece by 146 BC

Dominates En Med, NW Africa, Spain and Gaul

Governs by proconsuls

The Late Republic 1st C BCE, strife between classes, political rivalries and civil wars Tensions at border Governance via senate not working well Tensions between senate and Julius Caesar Caesar, Pompey and Crassius form triumvirate. Caesar leads expeditions in provinces Pompey conspires against Caesar in senate Caesar marches on Rome becomes dictator in 48 BC

1st C BCE, strife between classes, political rivalries and civil wars

Tensions at border

Governance via senate not working well

Tensions between senate and Julius Caesar

Caesar, Pompey and Crassius form triumvirate. Caesar leads expeditions in provinces

Pompey conspires against Caesar in senate

Caesar marches on Rome becomes dictator in 48 BC

Late Republic (Cont’d) Caesar dismantles republic and rules as autocrat, wants to be king Rule marked by clemency to conspirators Assassinated in 44 BC Army becomes all-volunteer. Allegiance to commander. Few years of uncertainty until new triumvirate emerges: Octavian, Antony and Lepidiman. Bloody reprisals destroy ruling elite. Given power by Plebeian Assembly

Caesar dismantles republic and rules as autocrat, wants to be king

Rule marked by clemency to conspirators

Assassinated in 44 BC

Army becomes all-volunteer. Allegiance to commander.

Few years of uncertainty until new triumvirate emerges: Octavian, Antony and Lepidiman. Bloody reprisals destroy ruling elite. Given power by Plebeian Assembly

Late Republic (cont’d) Lepidiman ousted, Antony refuses to distribute Caesar’s estate to Octavian (grandnephew and heir) Antony loses support of senate, which Octavian has cultivated. Antony forms partnership with Cleopatra and proclaims Caesarion (her son by Caesar) Caesar’s heir in Egypt and divorces Octavia in 41 BC. He declares Caesarion Caesar’s heir, effectively challenging Octavian who is supported by Senate. Battle of Actium in 31 BC

Lepidiman ousted, Antony refuses to distribute Caesar’s estate to Octavian (grandnephew and heir)

Antony loses support of senate, which Octavian has cultivated. Antony forms partnership with Cleopatra and proclaims Caesarion (her son by Caesar) Caesar’s heir in Egypt and divorces Octavia in 41 BC. He declares Caesarion Caesar’s heir, effectively challenging Octavian who is supported by Senate.

Battle of Actium in 31 BC

The Empire Octavian returns to Rome in 29 BC. He recognizes weakness of rule by kings as well as senatorial weakness He and Agrippa share power though real power lies with him. First, purges senate, 800 senators 29 BC – Imperator ; 27 BC – title of Augustus as well as Pontifex Maximus , 23 BC – resigns as consul but retains tribune power Consolidates power, controls army, foreign policy, supervision of government, appoints proconsuls and governors, commanders. Senate: legislative, judicial, admin and consultative. Avoids war – seeing it as negative and bad for commerce. Made peace with enemies

Octavian returns to Rome in 29 BC. He recognizes weakness of rule by kings as well as senatorial weakness

He and Agrippa share power though real power lies with him. First, purges senate, 800 senators

29 BC – Imperator ; 27 BC – title of Augustus as well as Pontifex Maximus , 23 BC – resigns as consul but retains tribune power

Consolidates power, controls army, foreign policy, supervision of government, appoints proconsuls and governors, commanders. Senate: legislative, judicial, admin and consultative. Avoids war – seeing it as negative and bad for commerce. Made peace with enemies

Empire (Cont’d) Augustus retains loyalty of army and finances dole for poor of Rome Revenue from taxes based on census Thus begins the Peace of Rome ( Pax Romana). Long-term peace and stability. Popn: 50-60 million

Augustus retains loyalty of army and finances dole for poor of Rome

Revenue from taxes based on census

Thus begins the Peace of Rome ( Pax Romana). Long-term peace and stability.

Popn: 50-60 million

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