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Call to Action on Child Labour –ILO

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Information about Call to Action on Child Labour –ILO

Published on December 9, 2008

Author: EPetrilli

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Martin Hahn, International Labor Organization
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The ILO and small-scale mining Martin Georg Hahn International Labour Office

The ILO and small-scale mining

Introduction International Labour Organization (ILO) UN specialised agency Seeks the promotion of social justice and internationally recognized human and labour rights Unique tripartite structure Workers Employers Governments

International Labour Organization (ILO)

UN specialised agency

Seeks the promotion of social justice and internationally recognized human and labour rights

Unique tripartite structure

Workers

Employers

Governments

ILO – main areas of work International Labour Standards Employment Social protection eg. occupational safety and health, social security Social dialogue Employers’ organizations, trade unions Sectoral social dialogue

International Labour Standards

Employment

Social protection

eg. occupational safety and health, social security

Social dialogue

Employers’ organizations, trade unions

Sectoral social dialogue

ILO and mining International Labour Conferences Minimum Age (Industry) Convention, 1919 (No.5) Hours of Work (Coal Mines) Convention, 1931 (No.31) Industrial committees 1944 decision to establish seven industrial committees Textiles; Coalmining; Inland transport; Iron and steel production; Metal trades; Petroleum production and refining; Building, civil engineering and public works Tripartite sectoral meetings Tripartite Meeting on Social and Labour Issues in Small-scale Mines, 1999 Tripartite Meeting on the Evolution of Employment, Working Time and Training in the Mining Industry, 2002 Meeting of Experts on Safety and Health in Coalmines, 2006

International Labour Conferences

Minimum Age (Industry) Convention, 1919 (No.5)

Hours of Work (Coal Mines) Convention, 1931 (No.31)

Industrial committees

1944 decision to establish seven industrial committees

Textiles; Coalmining; Inland transport; Iron and steel production; Metal trades; Petroleum production and refining; Building, civil engineering and public works

Tripartite sectoral meetings

Tripartite Meeting on Social and Labour Issues in Small-scale Mines, 1999

Tripartite Meeting on the Evolution of Employment, Working Time and Training in the Mining Industry, 2002

Meeting of Experts on Safety and Health in Coalmines, 2006

Means of action In order to improve working conditions, the ILO typically provides/carries out Technical assistance Including development of guidance/reference materials Technical cooperation

In order to improve working conditions, the ILO typically provides/carries out

Technical assistance

Including development of guidance/reference materials

Technical cooperation

The basis of ILO’s work: ILS International Labour Standards are expressions of international tripartite agreement on a matter Conventions International treaties, subject to ratification Create binding obligations under International Law Might require Member States to amend their national legislation Recommendations Set out guidelines which can orient national policy and action Often complement Conventions

International Labour Standards are expressions of international tripartite agreement on a matter

Conventions

International treaties, subject to ratification

Create binding obligations under International Law

Might require Member States to amend their national legislation

Recommendations

Set out guidelines which can orient national policy and action

Often complement Conventions

ILS relevant to ASM Child labour Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No.138) Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No.182) Occupational safety and health Among many others: Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 1981 (No.155) Safety and Health in Mines Convention, 1995 (No.176) Indigenous people The Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 (No.169)

Child labour

Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No.138)

Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No.182)

Occupational safety and health

Among many others:

Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 1981 (No.155)

Safety and Health in Mines Convention, 1995 (No.176)

Indigenous people

The Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 (No.169)

Examples of ILO’s work Safety and Health in Mines Convention, 1995 (No.176) Small-scale mining Handbook safety & health in small-scale surface mines LSM Tripartite workshops Codes of practice (such as: COP on safety and health in underground coalmines, or COP on open-pit mining); and Guidelines (including Guidelines on HIV/AIDS for the mining sector). Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 (No.169) Compendium of examples of good practice

Safety and Health in Mines Convention, 1995 (No.176)

Small-scale mining

Handbook safety & health in small-scale surface mines

LSM

Tripartite workshops

Codes of practice (such as: COP on safety and health in underground coalmines, or COP on open-pit mining); and

Guidelines (including Guidelines on HIV/AIDS for the mining sector).

Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 (No.169)

Compendium of examples of good practice

Child labour Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No.138); and Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No.182) World Day against Child Labour 2005 Call for Action: Minors out of Mining! Elimination of child labour in ASM by 2015 Target countries: Brazil, Burkina Faso, Colombia, Côte d’Ivoire, Ecuador, Ghana, Mali, Mongolia, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Senegal, Tanzania, and Togo

Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No.138); and

Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No.182)

World Day against Child Labour 2005

Call for Action: Minors out of Mining!

Elimination of child labour in ASM by 2015

Target countries: Brazil, Burkina Faso, Colombia, Côte d’Ivoire, Ecuador, Ghana, Mali, Mongolia, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Senegal, Tanzania, and Togo

IPEC Strategy Creation of an enabling environment for the elimination of child labour Knowledge generation Awareness-raising Education Capacity building Main elements Removal and rehabilitation Provision of educational alternatives Income generation for families

Creation of an enabling environment for the elimination of child labour

Knowledge generation

Awareness-raising

Education

Capacity building

Main elements

Removal and rehabilitation

Provision of educational alternatives

Income generation for families

Time-bound programmes Comprehensive framework Set of integrated and coordinated policies and interventions with clear goals, specific targets and a defined time frame, aimed at preventing and eliminating a country’s worst forms of child labour. TBPs emphasize the need to address the root causes of child labour TBPs are linked to national development policies, macro-economic trends and strategies Particular emphasis on economic and social policies to combat poverty and to promote universal basic education and social mobilization.

Comprehensive framework

Set of integrated and coordinated policies and interventions with clear goals, specific targets and a defined time frame, aimed at preventing and eliminating a country’s worst forms of child labour.

TBPs emphasize the need to address the root causes of child labour

TBPs are linked to national development policies, macro-economic trends and strategies

Particular emphasis on economic and social policies to combat poverty and to promote universal basic education and social mobilization.

Work in Brazil related to ASM Child labour Time bound programme for the elimination of child labour Decent Work Programme for Bahia State Continued work on the list of hazardous occupations (required by C.182) Silicosis National plan for the elimination of silicosis (PNES)

Child labour

Time bound programme for the elimination of child labour

Decent Work Programme for Bahia State

Continued work on the list of hazardous occupations (required by C.182)

Silicosis

National plan for the elimination of silicosis (PNES)

Thank you For further information www. oitbrasil .org. br www. ilo .org/ ipec www. ilo .org/sector

For further information

www. oitbrasil .org. br

www. ilo .org/ ipec

www. ilo .org/sector

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