Caleb Baldwin & Nancy Kingsbury

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Information about Caleb Baldwin & Nancy Kingsbury

Published on October 28, 2013

Author: JoeAnd41



Caleb Baldwin (1791-1849) &
Nancy Kingsbury (1798-1883)
Pioneer History

Caleb Baldwin (1791-1849) & Nancy Kingsbury (1798-1883) Caleb Baldwin Birth 02 September 1791, Hillsdale, Columbia, New York, United States Baptized : 14 November 1830 Death 11 June 1849, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Nancy Kingsbury Birth 14 September 1798, Cleveland City, Cuyahoga, Ohio, United States Baptized 14 November 1839 Death 12 Sep 1883, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Married: 07 Dec 1814, Cleveland, Cuyahoga, Ohio

CHILDREN 1- Nancy Maria Baldwin 1815-1883 Stayed in Iowa 2- Caleb Clark Baldwin 1817-1905 David Wood Company (1852) 3- Eunice Mary Baldwin 1820-1908 Stayed in Iowa 4- Waldo Baldwin 1821-Deceased Probably before Leaving Nauvoo 5- Mary Ann Baldwin 1823-1877 Heber C. Kimball Company (1848) 6- Samuel Baldwin 1826-1879 Unknown Maybe misidentified as a son of these parents 7- James Kingsbury Baldwin 1826-1884 Heber C. Kimball Company (1848) 8- Abigail Sherman Baldwin 1828-1898 Heber C. Kimball Company (1848) 9- Julia Murdock Baldwin 1831-1851Brigham Young Company (1848) 10- Ellen Diana Baldwin 1834-1864 Heber C. Kimball Company (1848) 11- Elizabeth Elmina Baldwin 1837-1904 Heber C. Kimball Company (1848) Children were born at Warrensville, Cuyahoga, Ohio OR Cleveland, Cuyahoga, Ohio EXCEPT Elizabeth Elmina who was born at Far West, Caldwell, Missouri Kirkland, Ohio From 1831 to 1838 Kirtland was the headquarters for the LDS Church. Joseph Smith moved the church to Kirtland in 1831, shortly after its formal organization in April 1830 in Palmyra, New York. Latter Day Saints built their first temple there. Many attending the Kirtland Temple dedication in 1836 claimed to see multiple heavenly visions and appearances of heavenly beings, including deity. For this and other reasons, Kirtland remains a place of importance to those of all Latter Day Saint denominations. Many sections from the Doctrine and Covenants, considered modern revelations and canonical by most denominations within the Latter Day Saint movement, originated in Kirtland during the 1830s. Latter Day Saints departed Kirtland in 1837-38 Far West, Missouri Early Latter-day Saints began to settle in northwestern Missouri soon after the Church was organized in 1830. However, disputes between Mormon and Missourian settlers in Independence led to the expulsion of the Mormons from Jackson County in 1833. Most Mormons temporarily settled in Clay County, Missouri. Towards the end of 1836, Caldwell County was created specifically for Mormon settlement to recompense Mormon losses in Jackson County. Shortly after the creation of Caldwell County, Far West was made the county seat.

Far West became the headquarters of the Latter-day Saint movement in early 1838 when Prophet Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon relocated to the town from the previous church headquarters, Kirtland, Ohio. While headquartered in Far West, the official name of the church was changed from Church of Jesus Christ to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Mormon-Missourian conflict of 1838 New problems erupted between the Mormons and their neighbors when the Mormons began to settle in the counties surrounding Caldwell, including De Witt in Carroll County and Adam-ondi-Ahman in Daviess County. A series of escalating conflicts followed and the Governor of Missouri eventually called out 2,500 state militiamen to put down what he alleged to be a "Mormon rebellion." Latter Day Saints poured into Far West for protection and found themselves under siege. Joseph Smith Jr., Sidney Rigdon and others surrendered at the end of October, 1838, and were put on trial by the state for treason. The main body of the Mormons were then forced to sign over their property in Far West and Caldwell County to pay for the militia muster and then leave the state. The main body later settled in Nauvoo, Illinois. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- A Test of Faith: The Book of Mormon in the Missouri Conflict Abstract While imprisoned in Liberty Jail in Missouri in 1839, the Prophet Joseph Smith directed the church members to gather statements and affidavits about the sufferings and abuses put on them by the people of Missouri. Of the surviving affidavits, five speak directly about the Book of Mormon as a test of faith. Several were offered their lives, property, and safety if they would deny the Book of Mormon and denounce the divine calling of the Prophet Joseph Smith. Those who refused to recant were robbed of their property, whipped, beaten, slandered, and jailed. …] Of the surviving affidavits, only five speak directly about the Book of Mormon as a test of faith. But we can be assured that the opponents of the Latter-day Saints thought of Joseph Smith and the Book of Mormon as inseparably intertwined. An example from one of those five affidavits will suffice to show that the Saints' belief in Joseph Smith and his work lay at the heart of the calamities. It involves Caleb Baldwin, Alanson Ripley, and Joseph Smith when they were prisoners together.

In his 1843 affidavit, Caleb Baldwin reported that because of the abuses that he and his family had suffered, he sought and obtained an interview in November 1838 with Judge Austin A. King at Richmond, Missouri, prior to the court of inquiry presided over by Judge King himself. Baldwin petitioned Judge King for a "fair trial," whereupon the judge, Baldwin testified, replied that "there was no law for the Mormons" and that "they must be exterminated." Baldwin explained to Judge King "that his family composed of helpless females had been plundered and driven out into the prairie and asked Judge King what he should do." Judge King answered that "if he [Baldwin] would renounce his religion and forsake [Joseph] Smith he would be released and protected." Baldwin further wrote that "the same offer was made to the other prisoners all of whom however [also] refused to do so and were in reply told that they would be put to death." Alanson Ripley, who was with Baldwin and Joseph Smith during the interview, also said that "the same offer was made to him [Ripley] by Mr. Birch the prosecuting attorney, that if he would forsake the mormons he should be released and Restored to his home and suffer to remain [in Missouri]; to which he returned." Joseph Smith recorded that "he and Mr. Baldwin were chained togeather at the time of the conversation . . . recited by Mr. Baldwin, which conversation he heard and which is correctly stated." Joseph also testified "that no such offer was made to him it being understood as certain that he was to be shot." These two men who chose to continue their belief in the teachings of Joseph Smith as exemplified in the Book of Mormon were confined in Liberty Jail, Liberty, Missouri, from December 1838 through April 1839 by Judge King's court of inquiry to await trial. In late 1839, arriving Mormons bought the small town of Commerce and in April 1840 it was renamed Nauvoo by Joseph Smith, who led the Latter Day Saints to Nauvoo to escape religious persecution in Missouri. The name Nauvoo is derived from the traditional Hebrew language with an anglicized spelling. The word comes from Isaiah 52:7, “How beautiful upon the mountains...” It is notable that “by 1844 Nauvoo's population had swollen to 12,000, rivaling the size of Chicago” at the time.[ Engraving of Nauvoo, ca. 1855

In 1844 Joseph Smith, and his brother Hyrum Smith were murdered by a mob while in custody in the city of Carthage, Illinois. In 1846, religious tensions reached their peak, and in 1848 mobs burned the Latter-day Saint temple in Nauvoo. Carthage Jail, Hancock Co., Ill., June 27, 1844 C. C. A. Christensen (1831–1912) Oil on canvas, between 1882–1884 The body of Joseph Smith, dressed in white, lies in the center of the picture. From a second floor window Willard Richards looks down at the martyred prophet. After the murder, the mob fled, fearing the arrival of a Mormon posse that never came. During 1846, Brigham Young abandoned Nauvoo and began leading 1,600 Mormons west across the frozen Mississippi in subzero temperatures to a temporary refuge at Sugar Grove, Iowa. East of Des Moines, Iowa) Young planned to make the westward trek in stages, and he determined the first major stopping point would be along the Missouri River opposite Council Bluffs. He sent out a reconnaissance team to plan the route across Iowa, dig wells at camping spots, and in some cases, plant corn to provide food for the hungry emigrants. The mass of Mormons made the journey to the Missouri River, and by the fall of 1846, the Winter Quarters were home to 12,000 Mormons 1846 Winter Quarters- Kanesville Heber C. Kimball Company - CAPTAIN Heber C. Kimball DEPARTURE Winter Quarters 7 June 1848 ARRIVAL Salt Lake City, Utah 24 September 1848 NUMBER IN COMPANY 703 Name Age Birth Date Baldwin, Caleb 56 2 September 1791 Baldwin, Nancy Kingsbury 49 14 September 1798 Baldwin, Mary Ann 25 9 March 1823 Baldwin, James Kingsbury 22 23 January 1826 Baldwin, Abigail Sherman 20 12 January 1828 Baldwin, Ellen Diana 13 29 August 1834 Baldwin, Elizabeth Elmina 10 20 September 1837 Baldwin, Jake Unknown Unknown Death Date 11 June 1849 12 September 1883 20 April 1877 1 March 1884 10 February 1898 12 June 1864 12 February 1904 Unknown NOT SURE IF OR HOW RELATED Also traveling with the Heber C. Kimball Company was Name Age Birth Date Death Date Boyd, George Washington 22 30 October 1825 22 March 1903 After arriving at Salt Lake City, Utah George Washington Boyd MARRIED Julia Murdock Baldwin (1851) and Ellen Diana Baldwin (1852) Abigail Sherman Baldwin (1854) Brigham Young Company – Captain Brigham Young Departure Winter Quarters, 5 June 1848 Arrival Salt Lake City, Utah 20-24 September 1848 Number In Company 1051 Name Age Birth Date Death Date Baldwin, Julia 17 30 April 1831 26 October 1851 Heber C. Kimball Company Trail Exerts – Daily Journal of the Heber C. Kimball Company 1848 Following link is the journal of William Thompson, Clerk the Heber C. Kimball, Captain of the Second Division, (Heber C. Kimball, Captain) which arrived in Great Salt Lake Valley, Sept. 24, 1848: Brigham Young Company Trail Exerts – Daily Journal of the Brigham Young Company 1848 Salt Lake City 1850 Fort at Salt Lake City Kirkland Oh., Liberty Mo., Mo., Far West, Mo, Nauvoo, Ill, to SLC, Ut. You Tube - Legacy_ The Story of the Mormon Pioneer Norma Baldwin Ricketts Her paternal great-great grandfather, Caleb Baldwin, was a jail mate of Joseph Smith in Liberty, Mo., years prior to the church founder's assassination in Carthage, Ill., "After the state militia conquered Far West in the fall of 1838, fifty-six of the leaders of the Church were imprisoned at Richmond, Missouri for about a month. Then Judge Austin King released all of them except ten; [around November 30, 1838] he sent six to Liberty to be kept in the Clay County Jail and four others to Boonville to be imprisoned there. Those who were sent to Liberty Jail [in Liberty, Missouri] included Presidents Joseph and Hyrum Smith, President Sidney Rigdon, Apostle Lyman Wight, and Caleb Baldwin and Alexander McRae. The small jail located in Liberty, Missouri where Joseph Smith, Caleb Baldwin and four other brethren were held prisoner within its fourfoot thick walls from 1 December 1838 until 6 April 1839. (Sidney Rigdon was released at the end of February.) Photo is c. 1840. In Liberty Jail the prisoners were kept in the lower cell or basementdungeon all of the winter of 1838–39 in the most squalid and miserable conditions. They were left chained together on the stone floor, with only straw for a mattress and insufficient blankets to keep warm. They were without adequate heat, and their food was sparse and "coarse." The room had only a small barred window on the north and south sides to allow some ventilation. There in the dungeon the six men lay during the long winter waiting to be brought to trial—though there was nothing to try them for, except for supposedly causing the war by defending themselves at Gallatin, De Witt, Crooked River, and Far West. They were taken to Liberty on December 1, 1838, ... On December 20 the wives of Joseph Smith and Caleb Baldwin, accompanied by Mrs. Reynolds Cahoon, came in and remained until the 22d.... Thus in their gloomy prison house, cheered only by occasional visits from friends and the comfort of the Holy Spirit, they beheld the eventful year 1838 pass away. Its closing hours found them deprived of liberty, their families robbed and destitute, their brethren scattered and driven from their once pleasant, happy homes by a ruthless mob,—and all this for the testimony they bore, that Jesus was the Christ, his gospel true, and his promised blessings sure (Church History 2:309)". []

In June 1844 a mob got up a great excitement and on October 1844 Governor Boggs called out the Missouri Militia, to treat the Mormons as "enemies" who "must be exterminated or driven from the state, if necessary for the public good." Three days later, two hundred militiamen attacked the tiny Mormon settlement of Haun's Mill and massacred seventeen men, women, and children. The next day, the militia advanced on Far West and demanded the Saints surrender. On the pretext of negotiating a peaceful settlement, Colonel George Hinckle lured Joseph Smith, Sidney Rigdon, Lyman Wight, Parley P. Pratt, and George W. Robinson into the militia's camp and promptly arrested them. The following day Hyrum Smith and Amasa Lyman were taken prisoner. When one of the militia's generals tried to induce Lyman to testify against Joseph, he reportedly replied, "You are entirely mistaken.... Joseph Smith... is as good a friend as you have got.... Informed that he would be shot at 8 A.M., Lyman declared, "Shoot and be damned." Fortunately, General Alexander Doniphan indignantly refused to carry out the execution order, calling it "cold-blooded murder." Instead, the prisoners were taken to Richmond where they were tried on charges of high treason, murder, burglary, arson, robbery, and larceny. At the end of November Joseph and Hyrum Smith, Sidney Rigdon, Lyman Wight, Alexander McRae, and Caleb Baldwin were remanded to the jail at Liberty.... On April 15, 1839 while being transported by wagon from Gallatin to Boone Co., Joseph Smith, Hyrum Smith, Alexander McRae, and Caleb Baldwin bribe a guard (and probably the sheriff) and escape on horses. They immediately start out for the Mississippi river. Around 21 Apr 1839 Caleb Baldwin, who had escaped with Joseph and Hyrum Smith, enters Quincy and meets with their mother, Lucy and tells of their imminent arrival. Bishop Alexander McRae, who was imprisoned in this same jail, related that the five prisoners were Joseph Smith, Hyrum, his brother, Caleb Baldwin, Lyman Wight, Sidney Rigdon and Bishop McRae. As they were taking supper together, all but Brother McRae partook of tea, as they were glad to get anything to sustain life. Soon afterwards five of the inmates were taken sick and some of them were blind for three days, after which they were afflicted with sore eyes for a long time. Bishop Mc Rae escaped this affliction as he did not partake of the tea. All of the six prisoners agreed that poison had been put in the tea, but how and by whom was unknown to them.

Find A Grave Caleb Baldwin Salt Lake City Cemetery , Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, Plot: C_6_6_ Nancy Kingsbury Baldwin Salt Lake City Cemetery Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, Plot: C_6_6_

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