Published on March 10, 2014
THE ROLE OF ICT IN EDUCATION PRESENTATION @ Victory Grammar School BUSSA DAY 2013 By Doyin Talabi
AGENDA Importance of Computers What is ICT? Why ICT in Education ? Examples of ICTs Examples of Classroom Activities Benefits of ICTs in Education Challenges How does use of ICT affect ME? Conclusion Recommendations Questions & Comments 2
IMPORTANCE OF COMPUTERS Used in everyday life for official, personal, social, educational and recreational use Computer now a commodity ; sold in supermarkets, used by ALL Computer studies now a subject in the UBE/SSCE curriculum Thus, the ability to use computers/ICTs effectively has become an essential part of everyone's education and has re-defined literacy to include the ability to use computers and NOT just ability to read and write. 3
WHY ICT IN EDUCATION? The purpose of education is to teach a person things they need to know in life & everyday life skills required to be relevant in the society. In a rapidly changing world, basic education is essential for an individual be able to access and use information. Today, such education must include the use of ICTs as the world has become a global village where technology is part of everyday life and the global economy is powered by ICT and driven by knowledge 4
WHAT IS ICT? ICTs stand for Information and Communication Technology ICTs are basically information-handling tools - a varied set of equipment, applications and services that are used to produce, store, process, distribute and exchange information ‘Old’ ICTs include radio, television and telephone, tapes and cassettes, video cassettes etc ‘New’ ICTs include computers, Satellite and Wireless technology and the Internet. 5
NETWORKED WORLD These different tools work together, and combine to form our ‘Networked world’ – interconnected telephone services, hardware, software, the internet, radio and television The older technologies are referred to as “analogue media” while the newer computer and Internet based technologies are called the “digital media”. 6
COMMON ICTS Laptop Computers Projectors White Boards Mobile devices mp3 players e-book reader Tablets (Opon Imo) 7
OTHER ICTS Video Conferencing Audio and Video CDs and DVDs Podcasts(Internet audio broadcast)) Animation Software Cloud Computing Educational Software 8
EDUCATIONAL SOFTWARE On the local network, TV or on the Internet For Teaching For Learning For creating content Interactive content For School Administration School Fees Management Attendance Management Examination Results Management Stores Management Payroll Management 9
INTERNET-BASED ICTS & CHANNELS Email Chat Instant Messaging Social Networking Skype Tweeting Text messaging Blogs 11
21ST CENTURY CLASSROOM 12
EXAMPLES OF CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES SUITED TO USE OF ICT Finding out - Students can use ICT to find out information and to gain new knowledge in several ways. They may find information on the Internet or by using an ICT-based encyclopedia such as Microsoft Encarta. They may find information by extracting it from a document prepared by the teacher and made available to them via ICT, such as Microsoft Word or a Microsoft PowerPoint slideshow. They may find out information by communicating with people elsewhere by sending email to students in a different school or even in a different country. Processing knowledge - Students can use ICT as part of a creative process to consider more carefully the information which they have about a given subject. They may need to carry out calculations (e.g. by using Microsoft Excel), or to check grammar and spelling in a piece of writing (perhaps using Microsoft Word), or they may need to re-sequence a series of events (for example by re-ordering a series of Microsoft PowerPoint slides). Sharing knowledge - Students can use ICT to present their work in a highly professional format share this with other students, with their teacher, and even via email with people all around the world. Facilitating the acquisition of basic skills through drill and practice. Television programs such as Sesame Street use repetition and reinforcement to teach the alphabet, numbers, colors, shapes and other basic concepts 13
BENEFITS OF ICTS IN EDUCATION Extends learning opportunities beyond the classroom Anywhere , Anytime learning Access to global learning resources & information Makes learning interesting & enjoyable; Improves presentation Standards Opportunity to create local content Can serve multiple audiences Uniform quality of content Collaboration with other students globally 14
BENEFITS TO TEACHERS ICT facilitates sharing of resources, expertise and advice Gains in ICT literacy skills, confidence and enthusiasm. Easier planning and preparation of lessons and designing materials Access to up-to-date pupil and school data, any time and anywhere. Enhancement of professional image projected to colleagues. Access to quality training resources , keeping skills updated 15
BENEFITS TO STUDENTS Students can learn as individuals not as a group Prepare students for the Real World Workplace Higher quality lessons through greater collaboration between teachers in planning and preparing resources . Improved pastoral care and behaviour management through better tracking of students Development of writing skills (including spelling, grammar, punctuation, editing and re-drafting). Encouragement of independent and active learning, and self-responsibility for learning with increased self esteem & self confidence Technology-enhanced setting more stimulating and student-centred than in a traditional classroom Computer use during lessons motivates students to continue using learning outside school hours 16
BENEFITS TO PARENTS Easier communication with teachers Higher quality student reports – more legible, more detailed, better presented Greater access to more accurate attendance and attainment information Increased involvement in education for parents and, in some cases, improved selfesteem Increased knowledge of children’s learning and capabilities, owing to increase in learning activity being situated in the home Parents are more likely to be engaged in the school community 17
GENERAL CHALLENGES Lack of facilities & Inadequate funding of projects Irregular Power supply Cost of Implementation & maintenance Reluctance to use ICT – Some teachers fond of chalk and talk Lack of computer literate teachers Lack of Internet access & connection Outdated learning methods/curriculum Security of System &Data Hackers, System Crash, Virus Lost/Stolen Information, Identity theft, Password 18
CONCERNS ABOUT STUDENTS USING ICTS IN EDUCATION Dropping grammar and replacing sentences with abbreviations (from sending SMS &Tweets) making improving literacy skills harder. Addiction to computer games Time wasting on tweets, pinging Lack of Sleep/Headaches Distraction/Loneliness Loss of Concentration in Class Neck/Lower Back Pain Carpal Tunnel Syndrome(CTS) Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) Reduced Personal Interaction Cybercrime and Gambling 19
HOW DOES ICT USE IN EDUCATION AFFECT ME? Modern way of teaching & learning Individual can learn at his/her own pace Internet provides access to global information Many books have been converted into e-books Use Internet for positive things only Focus on learning activities/NOT GAMES Control the TIME spent on it 20
CONCLUSION ICTs can be used for teaching, learning and administration of schools Adoption and use of ICTs have a positive impact on education Nigerian Schools should adopt the use of ICTs to improve the educational system Students equipped with digital skills will grow up into a knowledge literate society equipped with skills to manage 21st Century economy locally and be relevant even in other parts of the world 21
RECOMMENDATIONS Proper funding of ICT projects Public –Private Partnerships to build Infrastructure Curriculum to be IT enabled Run an ICT Club IT Teachers to become Mentor, Coach, Guide, Motivator Focus on the learning process ; not on acquiring the computer skills alone Think of Applications of ICT before the Technology Encourage other teachers to use ICT to teach some of their topics. Start with PowerPoint Software & Projector Continuous Training of Teachers Computer/ICT education should be made compulsory for all secondary school students 22
EXAMPLES OF WEB RESOURCES www.tutorialclick.com,..../mobile www.IXL.COM www.topmarks.co.uk www.bbc.co.uk www.ilabcentral.org (Virtual labs) 23
QUESTIONS & COMMENTS ? firstname.lastname@example.org 08033601054 24
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