Business Models in the Internet of Services

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Information about Business Models in the Internet of Services
Business & Mgmt

Published on August 6, 2009

Author: tiganic

Source: slideshare.net

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A presentation by Nico Weiner, Fraunhofer IAO, at the THESEUS Symposium on June 30th, 2009 in Berlin.

Business Models In The Internet Of Services State Of The Art Nico Weiner Fraunhofer IAO International Symposium of the THESEUS Research Program Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology Berlin June 29-30, 2009

Agenda Introduction into the science of business models Business Models in the »Internet of Services« Internet-based Business Models – A Venture Capitalist View | »

Introduction into the science of business models

Business Models in the »Internet of Services«

Internet-based Business Models – A Venture Capitalist View

| Business Model – A term between science- and business-trends 2000: »Business models are perhaps the most discussed and least under- stood aspect of the web. There is so much talk about how the web changes traditional business models. But there is little clear-cut evidence of exactly what this means.« (Rappa, 2000) 2009: Web 2.0 BM? Open Source BM? Mashup BM? BM in the cloud? …

| Business Models – What it’s about Early Definition: »An architecture of product-, service- and informationflows including a description of the various business actors and their roles« (Timmers 1998) Model (slightly adapted definition, wikipedia(en) 2009): Simplified pattern, plan, representation or description to show core-aspects and relations of a real object, system or concept. Business Model: Model of the business logic (main aspects) of a company. => Ontologies are particularly suitable to describe a business model

Early Definition: »An architecture of product-, service- and informationflows including a description of the various business actors and their roles« (Timmers 1998)

Model (slightly adapted definition, wikipedia(en) 2009):

Simplified pattern, plan, representation or description

to show core-aspects and relations

of a real object, system or concept.

Business Model:

Model of the business logic (main aspects) of a company.

=> Ontologies are particularly suitable to describe a business model

| Business Model Ontologies And Typical Elements Elements depend on author’s focus: Value Proposition, product and service Value creation Market, customer-relations, supplier-relations Model of distribution Revenue model and costs Partnership Competitive Environment Processes and organization Infrastructure Resources … sources: models by osterwalder, gordijn, akkermanns, wirtz

Elements depend on author’s focus:

Value Proposition, product and service

Value creation

Market, customer-relations, supplier-relations

Model of distribution

Revenue model and costs

Partnership

Competitive Environment

Processes and organization

Infrastructure

Resources



| Related Concepts source: Osterwalder, Pigneur, Tucci in comm. of AIS (2005) with slight adaption Business Plan General types like »auction-based model«

| Business Model Types – An Example Classification of Webservice-Providers using revenue and value offering dimensions by Nüttgens, Dirik 2008 Amazon APIs Google APIs strikeiron FedEx-Office

Agenda Introduction into the science of business models Business Models in the »Internet of Services« Internet-based Business Models – A Venture Capitalist View | »

Introduction into the science of business models

Business Models in the »Internet of Services«

Internet-based Business Models – A Venture Capitalist View

| The »Internet of Services« (IoS) Vision Hypothesis: The Web of the future offers the infrastructural and organizational facilities to trade business-services as we can trade products today over the internet. What does that mean for business models? Certainly some current models will change and the focus of the key-components will switch (e.g. software-vendors are going to focus partnerships in business value networks). »Software as a Service« is a type of business model which already takes the step forward to the IoS-idea!

| Everything as a Service?! Infrastructure as a Service, Platform as a Service, Software as a Service, Communication as a Service, Storage as a Service, eMail as a Service … and so on Many terms – the idea from viewpoint of customer stays the same: Concentration on core-competencies Discharge of the IT Cutting costs, restructure costs Higher quality via SLAs, high-end-hardware and -software Shorter time to use the service XaaS

Infrastructure as a Service, Platform as a Service, Software as a Service, Communication as a Service, Storage as a Service, eMail as a Service … and so on

Many terms – the idea from viewpoint of customer stays the same:

Concentration on core-competencies

Discharge of the IT

Cutting costs, restructure costs

Higher quality via SLAs, high-end-hardware and -software

Shorter time to use the service

| Software as a Service – First Step To The IoS Hosted Software which can be accessed over the web Microsoft MSDN Architecture – SaaS Enterprise Perspective

Hosted Software which can be accessed over the web

| SaaS – Business Model Details Revenue-model: Subscription fees; support; costs for running a datacenter and server-infrastructure (inhouse or via partner); typically high-quality support with appropriate costs + marketing etc. Partnership and Relations: CRM; partially free support; Reseller-support; (datacenter-partner); (ISV – independent software vendors which offer via a platform); integration-partners; resellers; value adding resellers; other 3rd parties Value-configuration and proposition: Software-Offering itself + migration-service; integration-service; customization-services; service and support; infrastructure Distribution: API & Webservices; hosted; ASP; Appliance (pre-conf. hardware inhouse); FastStack (inhouse, ready-to-install/use-softwarepackage; inhouse (raw-software-package) Target Customer: Business; Freelancing Developers; Service-Providers; Enduser; etc.

| Software as a Service – What Is Provided By Today Analysis of value offering of 146 SaaS-Providers via their websites, Fraunhofer IAO, 2009 (available soon)

Agenda Introduction into the science of business models Business Models in the »Internet of Services« Internet-based Business Models A Venture Capitalist View | »

Introduction into the science of business models

Business Models in the »Internet of Services«

Internet-based Business Models A Venture Capitalist View

| Venture Capital Survey 2009 Survey on 88 German venture capitalist companies, investing in IT, Software and Internet 16 valid responses during December 2008 and February 2009 Goals: Identification of attractive topics for current and future investments Estimation of success factors in order to achieve investments

Survey on 88 German venture capitalist companies, investing in IT, Software and Internet

16 valid responses during December 2008 and February 2009

Goals:

Identification of attractive topics for current and future investments

Estimation of success factors in order to achieve investments

| Green IT, Cloud Computing and SaaS are attractive for future investments

| Most Promising Type Of Business Model 63% of VCs rate the SaaS-model as one of the most promising for startups * no other model was rated that high Closely followed by »Interactive Entertainment« - Portals

63% of VCs rate the SaaS-model as one of the most promising for startups * no other model was rated that high

Closely followed by »Interactive Entertainment« - Portals

| Promising Price-Models For Future Investments

| Success Factors Of Startups With Venture Capital

| Conclusion Business Model research is crucial to understand the concept of running a business in the internet of services Business Model Ontologies help to understand possible future business-instances in the »Internet of Services« SaaS and Platform-Providers took the first step and distilled the real business-potential from the “buzz” Future business models in the »Internet of Services« will focus on partnership-component to provide a service through a business-network (value adding by 3rd party)

Business Model research is crucial to understand the concept of running a business in the internet of services

Business Model Ontologies help to understand possible future business-instances in the »Internet of Services«

SaaS and Platform-Providers took the first step and distilled the real business-potential from the “buzz”

Future business models in the »Internet of Services« will focus on partnership-component to provide a service through a business-network (value adding by 3rd party)

Thank you! Nico Weiner [email_address] Fraunhofer IAO Competence Center Electronic Business www.iao.fraunhofer.de www.itbusinessmodels.org (available soon)

Thank you!

Nico Weiner

[email_address]

Fraunhofer IAO

Competence Center Electronic Business

www.iao.fraunhofer.de

www.itbusinessmodels.org (available soon)

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