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Business Markets and Business Buyer Behavior

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Information about Business Markets and Business Buyer Behavior
Business & Mgmt

Published on November 18, 2008

Author: mehmetcihangir

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Business Markets and Business Buyer Behavior
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Business Markets and Business Buyer Behavior Chapter 6

Learning Goals Define the business market and how it differs from consumer markets Identify the major factors that influence business buyer behavior List and define the steps in the business buying decision process Compare the institutional and government markets and explain how they make their buying decisions

Define the business market and how it differs from consumer markets

Identify the major factors that influence business buyer behavior

List and define the steps in the business buying decision process

Compare the institutional and government markets and explain how they make their buying decisions

Case Study UPS Customer Needs Consumers need fast, friendly, low-cost package delivery Business needs are more complex Shipping part of complex logistics process including purchasing, inventory, order status, invoices, payments, returns Services Its 360,000 people and 88,000 vehicles offer ground, air, freight worldwide Helps customer navigate the complexities of international shipping Offers a wide range of financial services Provides consulting services to improve logistics operations

Customer Needs

Consumers need fast, friendly, low-cost package delivery

Business needs are more complex

Shipping part of complex logistics process including purchasing, inventory, order status, invoices, payments, returns

Services

Its 360,000 people and 88,000 vehicles offer ground, air, freight worldwide

Helps customer navigate the complexities of international shipping

Offers a wide range of financial services

Provides consulting services to improve logistics operations

Definition Business Buyer Behavior: The buying behavior of organizations that buy goods and services for use in the production of other products and services that are sold, rented, or supplied to others. Also included are retailing and wholesaling firms that acquire goods for the purpose of reselling or renting them to others at a profit. Goal 1: Define the business market

Business Buyer Behavior:

The buying behavior of organizations that buy goods and services for use in the production of other products and services that are sold, rented, or supplied to others.

Also included are retailing and wholesaling firms that acquire goods for the purpose of reselling or renting them to others at a profit.

Sales in the business market far exceed sales in consumer markets. Business markets differ from consumer markets in many ways. Marketing structure and demand Nature of the buying unit Types of decisions and the decision process Characteristics of Business Markets Goal 1: Define the business market

Sales in the business market far exceed sales in consumer markets.

Business markets differ from consumer markets in many ways.

Marketing structure and demand

Nature of the buying unit

Types of decisions and the decision process

Business Markets Compared to consumer markets: Business markets have fewer but larger customers Business customers are more geographically concentrated Demand is different Demand is derived Demand is price inelastic Demand fluctuates more Marketing Structure and Demand Nature of the Buying Unit Types of Decisions and the Decision Process Characteristics Goal 1: Define the business market

Compared to consumer markets:

Business markets

have fewer but larger customers

Business customers

are more geographically concentrated

Demand is different

Demand is derived

Demand is price inelastic

Demand fluctuates more

Marketing Structure and Demand

Nature of the Buying Unit

Types of Decisions and the Decision Process

Business Markets Marketing Structure and Demand Nature of the Buying Unit Types of Decisions and the Decision Process Compared to consumer purchases: Involve more buyers in the decision process More professional purchasing effort Characteristics Goal 1: Define the business market

Marketing Structure and Demand

Nature of the Buying Unit

Types of Decisions and the Decision Process

Compared to consumer purchases:

Involve more buyers in the decision process

More professional purchasing effort

Business Markets Marketing Structure and Demand Nature of the Buying Unit Types of Decisions and the Decision Process Compared to consumer purchases More complex buying decisions The buying process is more formalized Buyers and sellers work more closely together and build long-term relationships Goal 1: Define the business market Characteristics

Marketing Structure and Demand

Nature of the Buying Unit

Types of Decisions and the Decision Process

Compared to consumer purchases

More complex buying decisions

The buying process is more formalized

Buyers and sellers work more closely together and build long-term relationships

Major Types of Buying Situations Straight rebuy Reordering without modification Modified rebuy Requires modification to prior purchase New task First-time purchase Business Buyer Behavior Goal 1: Define the business market

Major Types of Buying Situations

Straight rebuy

Reordering without modification

Modified rebuy

Requires modification to prior purchase

New task

First-time purchase

Business Buyer Behavior Systems Selling Buying a packaged solution to a problem from a single seller. Often a key marketing strategy for businesses seeking to win and hold accounts. Goal 1: Define the business market

Systems Selling

Buying a packaged solution to a problem from a single seller.

Often a key marketing strategy for businesses seeking to win and hold accounts.

Business Buyer Behavior Buying Center The decision-making unit of a buying organization Includes all individuals and units that participate in the decision making Goal 1: Define the business market

Buying Center

The decision-making unit of a buying organization

Includes all individuals and units that participate in the decision making

Business Buyer Behavior Users Buyers Influencers Deciders Members of the Buying Center Gatekeepers Goal 1: Define the business market

Users

Buyers

Influencers

Deciders

Major Influences on Business Buyers Environmental Organizational Interpersonal Individual Economic trends Supply conditions Technological, political and competitive changes Culture and customs Key Factors Goal 2: Identify the major factors that influence business buyer behavior

Environmental

Organizational

Interpersonal

Individual

Economic trends

Supply conditions

Technological, political and competitive changes

Culture and customs

Major Influences on Business Buyers Environmental Organizational Interpersonal Individual Objectives Policies Procedures Organizational structure Systems Key Factors Goal 2: Identify the major factors that influence business buyer behavior

Environmental

Organizational

Interpersonal

Individual

Objectives

Policies

Procedures

Organizational structure

Systems

Major Influences on Business Buyers Influence of members in the buying center Authority Status Empathy Persuasiveness Environmental Organizational Interpersonal Individual Key Factors Goal 2: Identify the major factors that influence business buyer behavior

Influence of members in the buying center

Authority

Status

Empathy

Persuasiveness

Environmental

Organizational

Interpersonal

Individual

Major Influences on Business Buyers Personal characteristics of members in the buying center Age and income Education Job position Personality Risk attitudes Buying styles Environmental Organizational Interpersonal Individual Key Factors Goal 2: Identify the major factors that influence business buyer behavior

Personal characteristics of members in the buying center

Age and income

Education

Job position

Personality

Risk attitudes

Buying styles

Environmental

Organizational

Interpersonal

Individual

Stages in the Business Buying Process Stage 1: Problem Recognition Stage 2: General Need Description Stage 3: Product Specification Value analysis helps to reduce costs Stage 4: Supplier Search Supplier development Goal 3: List and define the steps in the business buying decision process

Stage 1: Problem Recognition

Stage 2: General Need Description

Stage 3: Product Specification

Value analysis helps to reduce costs

Stage 4: Supplier Search

Supplier development

Stage 5: Proposal Solicitation Stage 6: Supplier Selection Stage 7: Order-Routine Specification Blanket contracts are often used for maintenance, repair and operating items. Stage 8: Performance Review Stages in the Business Buying Process Goal 3: List and define the steps in the business buying decision process

Stage 5: Proposal Solicitation

Stage 6: Supplier Selection

Stage 7: Order-Routine Specification

Blanket contracts are often used for maintenance, repair and operating items.

Stage 8: Performance Review

E-procurement is growing rapidly Online auctions and online trading exchanges (e-marketplaces) account for much of the online purchasing activity E-procurement offers many benefits: Access to new suppliers Lower purchasing costs Quicker order processing and delivery Business Buying on the Internet Goal 3: List and define the steps in the business buying decision process

E-procurement is growing rapidly

Online auctions and online trading exchanges (e-marketplaces) account for much of the online purchasing activity

E-procurement offers many benefits:

Access to new suppliers

Lower purchasing costs

Quicker order processing and delivery

Institutional Markets Consist of churches, schools, prisons, hospitals, nursing homes and other institutions that provide goods and services to people in their care. Institutional and Government Markets Goal 4: Compare the institutional and government markets

Institutional Markets

Consist of churches, schools, prisons, hospitals, nursing homes and other institutions that provide goods and services to people in their care.

Institutional Markets Often characterized by low budgets and captive patrons. Marketers may develop separate divisions and marketing mixes to service institutional markets. Institutional and Government Markets Goal 4: Compare the institutional and government markets

Institutional Markets

Often characterized by low budgets and captive patrons.

Marketers may develop separate divisions and marketing mixes to service institutional markets.

Government Markets More than 82,000 buying units in the U.S. Require suppliers to submit bids and often give job to lowest bidder Favor domestic suppliers Much “red tape” can exist Goal 4: Compare the institutional and government markets

More than 82,000 buying units in the U.S.

Require suppliers to submit bids and often give job to lowest bidder

Favor domestic suppliers

Much “red tape” can exist

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