Building Confidence

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Published on March 5, 2014

Author: KaleidoscopeOpenLearningInitiative

Source: slideshare.net

Building Confidence to Speak Understanding Anxiety Managing Anxiety Boundless.com/communications Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak > Understanding Anxiety Understanding Anxiety • Feeling Anxiety Is Normal • Situational Anxiety • Trait Anxiety Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications

Building Confidence to Speak > Understanding Anxiety Feeling Anxiety Is Normal • As many as 75% of all people experience some form of anxiety about having to give a speech in front of others. • Anxiety may be characterized by sudden changes in mood and behavior. You may feel a sense of dread, light-headed, nauseous, or ready to run out of the room. This is normal and you can work past these symptoms. • Anxiety can trigger the human fear response even though your speech may be days or weeks away. Anxiety about public speaking is normal! View on Boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/building-confidence-to-speak/understanding-anxiety/feeling-anxiety-is-normal

Building Confidence to Speak > Understanding Anxiety Situational Anxiety • Stage fright, like trait anxiety, is perfectly normal. • Even seasoned public speakers experience stage fright. • You may feel faint, excitable, or jittery when experiencing stage fright. Your heart might race, your mouth might feel dry and you may feel out of breath or suddenly nauseous. These are all normal sensations and reactions that can be overcome. Situational Anxiety View on Boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/building-confidence-to-speak/understanding-anxiety/situational-anxiety

Building Confidence to Speak > Understanding Anxiety Trait Anxiety • Trait anxiety tends to build up over time and may be the result of neurosis. Trait anxiety may be conscious or unconscious. • Those who experience trait anxiety may already be people who are naturally shy and self-conscious. • Women are more likely to experience trait anxiety than men. Trait Anxiety View on Boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/building-confidence-to-speak/understanding-anxiety/trait-anxiety

Building Confidence to Speak > Managing Anxiety Managing Anxiety • Tools for Managing Situational Anxiety: Preparation, WarmUp, Relaxation, and Other Ideas • Tools for Managing Trait Anxiety: Positive Imagery and Other Ideas Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications

Building Confidence to Speak > Managing Anxiety Tools for Managing Situational Anxiety: Preparation, WarmUp, Relaxation, and Other Ideas • Practice your speech early and often so that you are as familiar and comfortable as you can be with your wording. • Warm up your tongue and face by repeating tongue twisters as quickly, correctly, and articulately as you can. • Activate your body's natural relaxation response by practicing some deep breathing to calm your nerves. Managing Situational Anxiety View on Boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/building-confidence-to-speak/managing-anxiety/tools-for-managing-situational-anxiety-preparation-warm-uprelaxation-and-other-ideas

Building Confidence to Speak > Managing Anxiety Tools for Managing Trait Anxiety: Positive Imagery and Other Ideas • If you're worried about your speech being successful, try to envision it being a success. • Consider trying guided meditations on positive imagery well in advance of your speech, to help you build up your confidence early. • Even the best public speakers can have a bad day. If your nerves do get the best of you, simply do the best you can and accept your performance for what it is. There's always next time. Combatting Trait Anxiety View on Boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/building-confidence-to-speak/managing-anxiety/tools-for-managing-trait-anxiety-positive-imagery-and-otherideas

Appendix Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak Key terms • anxiety An unpleasant state of mental uneasiness, nervousness, apprehension and obsession or concern about some uncertain event. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • meditation a devotional exercise of, or leading to contemplation (CC BY-SA 3.0) • neurosis A mental disorder, less severe than psychosis, marked by anxiety or fear. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • panic attack A sudden period of intense anxiety, mounting physiological arousal, fear, stomach problems and discomfort that are associated with a variety of somatic and cognitive symptoms. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • relaxation response A collective term referring to how meditation induces a host of biochemical and physical changes in the body that include changes in metabolism, heart rate, respiration, blood pressure, and brain chemistry; coined by Dr. Herbert Benson in 1975. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • stage fright A state of nervousness about performing some action in front of a group of people, on or off of a stage; nerves; uncertainty; a lack of self-assurance before an audience. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • trait anxiety anxiety can be either a short term 'state' or a long term "trait." Trait anxiety reflects a stable tendency to respond with state anxiety in the anticipation of threatening situations. (CC BY-SA 3.0) Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak Anxiety about public speaking is normal! Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Flickr. "an unwitting victim...bwahahhahahaa | Flickr - Photo Sharing!." CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/barkbud/4257136773/ View on Boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak Situational Anxiety Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Flickr. "Sign in to Yahoo." CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/sashawolff/3285121117/ View on Boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak Trait Anxiety Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Flickr. "Anxiety | Flickr - Photo Sharing!." CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/lainamarie/6616592453/ View on Boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak Managing Situational Anxiety Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Flickr. "Buddhism | Flickr - Photo Sharing!." CC BY-SA http://www.flickr.com/photos/83905817@N08/7676569880/ View on Boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak Combatting Trait Anxiety Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Flickr. "Guided Meditation | Flickr - Photo Sharing!." CC BY-SA http://www.flickr.com/photos/83905817@N08/7676549952/ View on Boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak Which of the following statements is true? A) Audiences can always see how nervous you feel. B) Memorizing your speech helps you feel less nervous. C) Telling a joke is always a good way to begin a speech. D) Some nervousness can make your speech better. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak Which of the following statements is true? A) Audiences can always see how nervous you feel. B) Memorizing your speech helps you feel less nervous. C) Telling a joke is always a good way to begin a speech. D) Some nervousness can make your speech better. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Saylor OER. "Communication « Saylor.org – Free Online Courses Built by Professors." CC BY 3.0 http://www.saylor.org/majors/Communication/

Building Confidence to Speak Feeling light-headed, nauseated, forgetful, or inarticulate are all signs of what communication challenge? A) Speaking apprehension B) Lack of preparedness C) Defensive reacting D) All of the answers Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak Feeling light-headed, nauseated, forgetful, or inarticulate are all signs of what communication challenge? A) Speaking apprehension B) Lack of preparedness C) Defensive reacting D) All of the answers Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Saylor OER. "Communication « Saylor.org – Free Online Courses Built by Professors." CC BY 3.0 http://www.saylor.org/majors/Communication/

Building Confidence to Speak Which of the following is an example of an effect of anxiety? A) Feeling tired. B) Feeling faint. C) Feeling thirsty. D) Feeling angry. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak Which of the following is an example of an effect of anxiety? A) Feeling tired. B) Feeling faint. C) Feeling thirsty. D) Feeling angry. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless - LO. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com/

Building Confidence to Speak Which of the following is an organization that helps glossophobia sufferers? A) TEDtalks. B) The Friar's Club. C) Toastmasters International. D) Amnesty International. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak Which of the following is an organization that helps glossophobia sufferers? A) TEDtalks. B) The Friar's Club. C) Toastmasters International. D) Amnesty International. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless - LO. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com/

Building Confidence to Speak A sudden period of intense anxiety, mounting physiological arousal, fear, stomach problems and discomfort that are associated with a variety of somatic and cognitive symptoms. A) neurosis B) stage fright C) panic attack D) relaxation response Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak A sudden period of intense anxiety, mounting physiological arousal, fear, stomach problems and discomfort that are associated with a variety of somatic and cognitive symptoms. A) neurosis B) stage fright C) panic attack D) relaxation response Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "panic attack." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/panic+attack

Building Confidence to Speak An unpleasant state of mental uneasiness, nervousness, apprehension and obsession or concern about some uncertain event. A) neurosis B) stage fright C) anxiety D) relaxation response Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak An unpleasant state of mental uneasiness, nervousness, apprehension and obsession or concern about some uncertain event. A) neurosis B) stage fright C) anxiety D) relaxation response Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "anxiety." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/anxiety

Building Confidence to Speak A state of nervousness about performing some action in front of a group of people, on or off of a stage; nerves; uncertainty; a lack of self-assurance before an audience. A) anxiety B) panic attack C) neurosis D) stage fright Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak A state of nervousness about performing some action in front of a group of people, on or off of a stage; nerves; uncertainty; a lack of self-assurance before an audience. A) anxiety B) panic attack C) neurosis D) stage fright Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "stage fright." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/stage+fright

Building Confidence to Speak Which of the following is an effect of situational anxiety? A) Warmth in the fingers and toes. B) The ability to see things at close range very clearly. C) Dry hands. D) Increase in blood pressure. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak Which of the following is an effect of situational anxiety? A) Warmth in the fingers and toes. B) The ability to see things at close range very clearly. C) Dry hands. D) Increase in blood pressure. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless - LO. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com/

Building Confidence to Speak Which type of communication apprehension is NOT related to speaking in front of an audience? A) Trait anxiety B) Context anxiety C) Audience anxiety D) Situational anxiety Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak Which type of communication apprehension is NOT related to speaking in front of an audience? A) Trait anxiety B) Context anxiety C) Audience anxiety D) Situational anxiety Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Saylor OER. "Communication « Saylor.org – Free Online Courses Built by Professors." CC BY 3.0 http://www.saylor.org/majors/Communication/

Building Confidence to Speak A mental disorder, less severe than psychosis, marked by anxiety or fear. A) anxiety B) panic attack C) neurosis D) stage fright Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak A mental disorder, less severe than psychosis, marked by anxiety or fear. A) anxiety B) panic attack C) neurosis D) stage fright Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "neurosis." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/neurosis

Building Confidence to Speak How is trait anxiety different from situational anxiety? A) Trait anxiety is a long-term form of anxiety that may be the result of neurosis. B) Trait anxiety is triggered by specific and immediate events. C) People suffering from trait anxiety have an abundance of selfconfidence. D) People suffering from trait anxiety are unlikely to experience anger, envy, or guilt. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak How is trait anxiety different from situational anxiety? A) Trait anxiety is a long-term form of anxiety that may be the result of neurosis. B) Trait anxiety is triggered by specific and immediate events. C) People suffering from trait anxiety have an abundance of selfconfidence. D) People suffering from trait anxiety are unlikely to experience anger, envy, or guilt. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless - LO. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com/

Building Confidence to Speak Why is jogging in place or bouncing on your feet a good way to warm up before a speech? A) It can be used to calm the body down as the fear response ratchets the body up. B) If you have an increased heart rate, you can fight fire with fire and channel the nervous energy. C) It can make you tired, which will make you speak less rapidly during your speech. D) It can help you practice the delivery of your speech. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak Why is jogging in place or bouncing on your feet a good way to warm up before a speech? A) It can be used to calm the body down as the fear response ratchets the body up. B) If you have an increased heart rate, you can fight fire with fire and channel the nervous energy. C) It can make you tired, which will make you speak less rapidly during your speech. D) It can help you practice the delivery of your speech. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless - LO. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com/

Building Confidence to Speak A collective term referring to how meditation induces a host of biochemical and physical changes in the body that include changes in metabolism, heart rate, respiration, blood pressure, and brain chemistry; coined by Dr. Herbert Benson in 1975. A) anxiety B) stage fright C) relaxation response D) meditation Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak A collective term referring to how meditation induces a host of biochemical and physical changes in the body that include changes in metabolism, heart rate, respiration, blood pressure, and brain chemistry; coined by Dr. Herbert Benson in 1975. A) anxiety B) stage fright C) relaxation response D) meditation Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia. "relaxation response." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/relaxation+response

Building Confidence to Speak anxiety can be either a short term 'state' or a long term "trait." _______ reflects a stable tendency to respond with state anxiety in the anticipation of threatening situations. A) relaxation response B) stage fright C) anxiety D) trait anxiety Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak anxiety can be either a short term 'state' or a long term "trait." _______ reflects a stable tendency to respond with state anxiety in the anticipation of threatening situations. A) relaxation response B) stage fright C) anxiety D) trait anxiety Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia. "trait anxiety." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/trait+anxiety

Building Confidence to Speak Envisioning success is A) imagining a positive outcome. B) a coping technique to manage fear. C) understanding that your worst fears are unlikely to come true. D) All of these answers. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak Envisioning success is A) imagining a positive outcome. B) a coping technique to manage fear. C) understanding that your worst fears are unlikely to come true. D) All of these answers. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless - LO. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com/

Building Confidence to Speak What is guided meditation? A) The guiding of an individual into a beneficial state of consciousness by another's voice. B) A form of yoga involving deep breathing. C) A type of hypnosis. D) All of these answers. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak What is guided meditation? A) The guiding of an individual into a beneficial state of consciousness by another's voice. B) A form of yoga involving deep breathing. C) A type of hypnosis. D) All of these answers. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless - LO. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com/

Building Confidence to Speak a devotional exercise of, or leading to contemplation A) anxiety B) meditation C) stage fright D) relaxation response Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

Building Confidence to Speak a devotional exercise of, or leading to contemplation A) anxiety B) meditation C) stage fright D) relaxation response Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "meditation." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/meditation

Building Confidence to Speak Attribution • Wikibooks. "Managing Groups and Teams/How Do You Manage Global Virtual Teams?." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Managing_Groups_and_Teams/How_Do_You_Manage_Global_Virtual_Teams%253F • Wikipedia. "Public speaking anxiety." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_speaking_anxiety • Wikipedia. "Fear." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fear • Wikipedia. "Anxiety." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anxiety • Wikibooks. "Professional and Technical Writing/Presentations." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Professional_and_Technical_Writing/Presentations • Wikibooks. "Rhetoric and Composition/Oral Presentations." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Rhetoric_and_Composition/Oral_Presentations • Wikibooks. "Rhetoric and Composition/Teacher's Handbook/Teaching Oral Presentations." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Rhetoric_and_Composition/Teacher%2527s_Handbook/Teaching_Oral_Presentations • Wikipedia. "Performance anxiety." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Performance_anxiety • Wikipedia. "Anxiety." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anxiety • Wikipedia. "Neuroticism." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuroticism • Wikibooks. "Announcing/Voice Improvement." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Announcing/Voice_Improvement • Wikibooks. "Theatre and Acting/Facial Warmups/Using All the Face." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Theatre_and_Acting/Facial_Warmups/Using_All_the_Face • Wikibooks. "Stress-related Disorders/Relaxation Response." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Stressrelated_Disorders/Relaxation_Response • Wikibooks. "Theatre and Acting/Facial Warmups/Using the Mouth." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Theatre_and_Acting/Facial_Warmups/Using_the_Mouth • Wikibooks. "Yoga/Meditation." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Yoga/Meditation#Progressive_Muscle_Relaxation Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com • Wikibooks. "Dialectical Behavioral Therapy/Core Mindfulness Skills/Wise Mind/Experiencing Integration and Intuition." CC BY-

Building Confidence to Speak • Wikibooks. "Speech-Language Pathology/Stuttering/Response Selection Under Stress/Speech-Related Fears and Anxieties." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/SpeechLanguage_Pathology/Stuttering/Response_Selection_Under_Stress/Speech-Related_Fears_and_Anxieties Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

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