Building Capacities for Rural Employability, Harsh Manglik, Chairman & Managing Director, Accenture India

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Published on February 29, 2008

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Building Capacities for Rural Employability, Harsh Manglik, Chairman & Managing Director, Accenture India

Building Capabilities for Rural Employability Harsh Manglik, Chairman - India Geography & Country Managing Director Accenture

India is poised to become a global economic power World’s biggest economies in 2025 by GDP Source: EIU (Real GDP at 1996 prices and at PPP) 1.1% Italy 12 5.2% Indonesia 11 4.0% South Korea 10 2.0% France 9 3.2% Russia 8 3.3% Brazil 7 2.4% UK 6 1.9% Germany 5 1.0% Japan 4 6.1% India 3 2.7% US 2 6.1% China 1 CAGR (2005-2025) Source EIU 2.8% 592 339 Australia 4.1% 914 413 South Korea 2.7% 945 560 Spain 3.4% 1,045 539 Canada 2.9% 1,139 648 Mexico 1.7% 1,168 836 Italy 2.0% 1,374 917 France 3.4% 1,465 757 Brazil 1.2% 1,512 1,180 Germany 2.4% 1,707 1,058 United Kingdom 1.3% 2,291 1,780 Japan 6.2% 2,489 749 Russia 4.1% 4,264 1,924 India 2.7% 12,512 7,335 United States 8.0% 14,527 3,088 China CAGR 2025 2005 Total private consumption at 1996 prices and at PPP*, US$ billion *Purchasing power parity, 2005 estimate Top 15 Consumer Markets in 2025

...but India is a country full of contradictions

India’s key asset is it’s young and large population. Education and Capability Building hold the key to deciding whether India will enjoy a Demographic Dividend or suffer a Demographic Deficit. Sources: Aspen Institute, IndiaStat; Press India has 17% of the world population, but only 1,7% of world GDP India has a workforce of over 500 mn, with 94% working in the unorganized sector India has 600 mn illiterate people 240 mn live below the Government of India’s poverty line There are almost 3 mn graduates each year. Population with median age of about 23. Between the ages of six and sixteen there are today 325 million young people, two thirds in rural areas. Opportunities Challenges Population Pyramid in India Female Millions Source: US Census Bureau Female Millions 2005 2025 India has 325 million youths aged between 6 and 15. In ten years these individuals will be aged 16-25 and looking for jobs. In the next 5 years alone, 75 million young people will be entering the workforce.

India has 17% of the world population, but only 1,7% of world GDP

India has a workforce of over 500 mn, with 94% working in the unorganized sector

India has 600 mn illiterate people

240 mn live below the Government of India’s poverty line

There are almost 3 mn graduates each year.

Population with median age of about 23.

Between the ages of six and sixteen there are today 325 million young people, two thirds in rural areas.

India’s Capability Attainment Pyramid The scale of India’s skills problem is such that a layered view of capabilities is required.

Information & Communication Technologies are key enablers for the inclusion of 600,000 villages into India’s growth story ICT has already proven its power through a variety of initiatives: Improved access to education Improved access to healthcare Improved access to information Improved employment and business opportunities Improved access to commercial products and services Greater accountability of government and local bodies Improved access to media and entertainment Key Characteristics of ICT-based solutions: Replicable Scalable Cost-efficient Consistency in quality Reach across difficult terrain and long distances Responsive to a diversity of cultures Catalytic impact creating a multiplier effect across industries

ICT has already proven its power through a variety of initiatives:

Improved access to education

Improved access to healthcare

Improved access to information

Improved employment and business opportunities

Improved access to commercial products and services

Greater accountability of government and local bodies

Improved access to media and entertainment

Key Characteristics of ICT-based solutions:

Replicable

Scalable

Cost-efficient

Consistency in quality

Reach across difficult terrain and long distances

Responsive to a diversity of cultures

Catalytic impact creating a multiplier effect across industries

The government has initiated important programmes Government of India Infrastructure initiatives State Wide Area Network (SWAN): SWANs are intended to extend data connectivity of two mega bits per second up to the block level in all States in the country. This will be further connected to all villages by wireless technology. Common Service Centres (CSCs): The government plans to establish over 100,000 CSCs to provide all government services to citizens in rural areas and provide “government at your doorstep.” The government is also making efforts to make digitized information available in India’s many languages E-Governance Initiative The Government of India’s National E-Governance Plan seeks to create Core Infrastructure and Policies required for growth of e-Government Services and implement a number of Mission Mode Projects to bring about a citizen-centric and business-centric environment.

Government of India Infrastructure initiatives

State Wide Area Network (SWAN): SWANs are intended to extend data connectivity of two mega bits per second up to the block level in all States in the country. This will be further connected to all villages by wireless technology.

Common Service Centres (CSCs): The government plans to establish over 100,000 CSCs to provide all government services to citizens in rural areas and provide “government at your doorstep.”

The government is also making efforts to make digitized information available in India’s many languages

E-Governance Initiative

The Government of India’s National E-Governance Plan seeks to create Core Infrastructure and Policies required for growth of e-Government Services and implement a number of Mission Mode Projects to bring about a citizen-centric and business-centric environment.

ICT-based programmes targeting Employability are emerging The NKN is a network of knowledge centres across 10 states of India. The Centres provide public access to (value-added) ICT for educational, personal, social and economic development. The centres would provide multi-purpose services to communities such as education, health, e-governance and other services by facilitating access to information and essential services, providing opportunities through capacity building and training tools using ICT as outreach platform. NASSCOM Knowledge Network (NKN) BiG Tech assists non-governmental organisations and charities by offering access to the software donation programs of our donor partners. The broader BiG programme is aimed at building capacities of partner organizations by extensive training of personnel managing knowledge centres NASSCOM’s BiG Tech and BiG Focused on education. They also have a skills training program, providing skill sets to unemployed youth. For example, their Computer Assisted Learning program has 55,000 children in computer labs in 7 states. Other programmes include Skills Education (2,000 youth trained in skills/ vocational education), Teacher Training (350,000+ government teachers trained), Read India (National program aimed at reading, writing and maths for 60 million children) PRATHAM The Quest Alliance aims to develop and expand quality education and job training programs that bridge the gap between education and employment and strengthen employment opportunities for marginalized youth. Specific programs include Promoting IT Skills Training for Vulnerable Youth, Using Cell Phones for Teacher Training, Using ICTs to Promote Education and Employment, Scaling a Life Skills Program with ICTs. QUEST ALLIANCE (Quality Education and Skills Training) LABS is a B school exclusively for marginalized youth. It promotes tailor made programs targeted at youth and women in the age group of 18 -35 years from economically weak sections and enables them to gain access to opportunities for sustainable livelihoods. LABS livelihood programs are designed and executed in such a way that they can be easily replicated through a viable and sustainable model. Dr. Reddys Foundation - Livelihood Advancement Business Schools

Accenture‘s experience in Africa shows how ICT can make a difference With Kenya’s current shortage of nursing instructors, training 22,000 nurses would take 100 years; by leveraging Accenture’s innovative e-learning solutions, they are targeting to train 22,000 in 5 years at 5% of the cost. A feasible e-Learning solution designed and tested to upgrade Kenyan nurses’ skills Increased number of trained and qualified nurses able to deliver essential health services throughout Kenya Overall time to up skill nurses reduced An enriched learning experience using the computer Model developed for replication in other African countries, who are also experiencing a chronic shortage of qualified health workers AMREF capacity built to develop, implement and monitor effective e-Learning on a sustained basis

A feasible e-Learning solution designed and tested to upgrade Kenyan nurses’ skills

Increased number of trained and qualified nurses able to deliver essential health services throughout Kenya

Overall time to up skill nurses reduced

An enriched learning experience using the computer

Model developed for replication in other African countries, who are also experiencing a chronic shortage of qualified health workers

AMREF capacity built to develop, implement and monitor effective e-Learning on a sustained basis

We have the opportunity to set minds and hearts on fire! … … the desire of reward is one of the strongest incentives of human conduct; or that the best security for the fidelity of mankind is to make their interests coincide with their duty. Alexander Hamilton, The Federalist Papers 1788

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