Buddhist Positive Thinking-BDMS

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Information about Buddhist Positive Thinking-BDMS

Published on January 10, 2009

Author: aSGuest9996

Source: authorstream.com

Slide 1: Early Buddhist Teachings on Positive Thinking and Positive Action Dr. G.A. Somaratne Slide 2: What is to be known is known by me; What is to be developed is developed by me; What is to be eliminated is eliminated by me. -the Buddha “The one who holds up the torch for the humanity is always honored by me.” – the Buddha What is Positive Thinking? : a mental attitude admits into the mind thoughts, words and images that are conducive to growth, expansion and success expects good and favorable results anticipates happiness, joy, health and a successful outcome of every situation and action What is Positive Thinking? How should we turn the mind toward the positive? : How should we turn the mind toward the positive? Inner work and training attitude and thoughts do not change overnight Motivation drives one forward, to act and accomplish Willpower and Self-discipline Only few people possess enough Slide 5: Buddhas are only teachers They extend kindness and support to help build in the disciples the confidence Once motivated and encouraged by someone some become faster and focused Slide 6: A modern Buddhist hymn based on a verse from the Dhammapada: By ourselves evil done, By ourselves we pain endure. By ourselves we cease from wrong, By ourselves become we pure. No one saves us but ourselves; No one can and no one may. We ourselves must walk the path, Buddhas merely show the way. Slide 7: Arise! Sit up! What need have you of sleep? Train yourselves hard for attaining peace Let not opportunity pass you by; those who have missed the opportunity now grieve The Suttanipata Slide 8: Simplify Life and Re-evaluate Goals and Priorities Have fewer goals Prioritize goals Become a “less is more” person Feel better about oneself and what one does Have more energy for the things and people that add quality to one’s life Slide 9: Deal with Negative Attitudes Do not be hopeless, purposeless, aimless Do not Pursue False Goals Do you have enough Confidence Energy Mindfulness Concentration Wisdom? If not, Develop them Slide 10: Recognize the Causes of Downfall Negligence Indolence Wanting much (mahicchata) Discontent Unsystematic attention Lack of understanding Friendship with evil Devotion to things evil Non-devotion to good things AN I, 16 Slide 11: Building Confidence Give room for Confidence Energy Mindfulness Concentration Wisdom Slide 12: Recognize the Causes of Success Earnestness Energetic effort Wanting little Contentment Systematic attention Understanding Friendship with good Devotion to things good Non-devotion to things evil AN I, 16 Slide 13: The Buddha Instructs To Give up the negative: <Do not entertain negative unwholesome thoughts; do not let the negative unwholesome mind to lead your life> SN V, 417-8 To Develop the positive: <Stir up energy that you may win what is not won, that you may attain what is not attained, that you may realize what is unrealized> SN II, 29 Slide 14: Recognize Human free-will Humans are free to think and act with some limits They become freer when they break the self-imposed limitations Doing of great or low things is up to the individual Disciples should control their mind <A monk makes the mind turn according to his will and he turns not by the mind’s wish> AN IV, 34 Slide 15: The Buddha - An exemplary positive thinker Exemplary Pre-Buddha and Buddha life “Say what you do, Do what you say” His Determination to find peace and happiness in life to lead an active and energetic life throughout made him the discoverer of the path His Determination to teach the discovered Dhamma made him one of the greatest religious teachers of the world Slide 16: Buddhist Positive Thinking and Action is not merely a mental act of thinking and wishing is a morally correct motivational force that drives one to perform right actions Slide 17: recognizes human ability, capacity, and potentiality recognizes the efficacy of human effort consists of cultivating such ethical and intellectual qualities as confidence, strength, mindfulness, concentration and wisdom Slide 18: asks to decrease one’s desire, defilements, pride, and ego asks not to go after one’s mind, one’s attachment to concepts Slide 19: is founded on impermanence (not static, will change, can change) considers success in this life and also in the next life (ubho loke vijayaya) considers economic success and also spiritual progress Slide 20: What is the Pali word for positive thinking and action? A variety of words and concepts Samma-sankappa (right thought) Chanda or kattu-kamyata (desire to act) Cetana (intention) Aditthana (determination, resolution) Sankhara (activities, determination) Patisañcikkhati (considers) Yoniso manasikara (proper consideration) Ussaha (lifting up, daring, venture) Appamada (carefulness) Samma-ditthi (right view) Slide 21: Kusala-/ puñña-kamma (wholesome or meritorious actions) Samma-ppadhana (right exertion) Iddhi-pada (basis of success) Viriya (strength) Vayama (effort) Padhana (striving, exertion) Pañña (wisdom) Sati (mindfulness) Saddha (Confidence) Slide 22: The Noble Eightfold Path as Positive and Progressive Path Right view is the forerunner Right thought Right speech Right action Right livelihood Right striving Right mindfulness Right concentration All factors interact in the person who wishes to achieve success Slide 23: The aim of the teachings of action (kamma) impermanence (anicca) suffering (dukkha) is to stir up positive attitudes in people to drive them to act for their spiritual and moral well-being “One attains to greatness by doing great things, not by doing low things” SN II, 29 Slide 24: Why should one develop mindfulness of death? For activating one’s life One should reflect on every evening: “I still have evils; If I were to die tonight it will be a great loss to me. Therefore, before night I must exercise intense resolution, effort, endeavor, and exertion, struggle, mindfulness, self-possession for putting away those evil and wrong states of mind.” AN IV, 320-22 Slide 25: Time flies by, the nights swiftly pass The stages of life successively desert us Seeing clearly this danger in death One should do good deeds that brings happiness Or Seeker of peace should drop the world’s bait The Samyuttanikaya Slide 26: Vision without action is just a dream one should not expect reaching one’s goals by mere prayer or wish Five desirable, pleasant and agreeable but rare things in the world long life Beauty Happiness Fame good rebirth Slide 27: “I do not teach that they are to be obtained by prayer (ayacana-hetu) or by wish (patthana-hetu). If one could obtain them by prayer or wish, who would not pray or wish for them?” The Buddha AN III, 47-48 Slide 28: How to Get Them? Buddha: <For a noble disciple who wishes to have long life, it is not befitting that he should pray for long life or take delight in so doing. He should rather follow a path of life that is conducive to longevity. By following such a path he will obtain long life, be it divine or human.> The same applies to the other four AN Nipata 5, No. 43 Slide 29: How to increase one’s fame (yaso)? Exert oneself be mindful do pure deeds act considerately be restrained live according to the law be watchful The Dhammapada v. 24 Slide 30: Resolution (adhitthana) Resolution is to make a firm decision to attain a good goal/s, and to work steadfastly and enthusiastically in a just and righteous way until one attain them, while tackling all obstacles, and no matter what come on one’s way without deviating from the resolution. a means of perfecting one’s life both spiritually and materially Slide 31: Resolution driving force of achieving all one’s goals Goals are reached due to this driving force. making of the mind strong and stable. When the mind is unstable, the decisions taken are also unstable. The instability of the decisions ruins one’s life and also badly affects other people’s life. When the decisions are not firm and clear, one may not act hard enough to reach the goals. When one’s resolution is in full strength, one can achieve all one’s wishes. Slide 32: Right Endeavors (sammappadhana) Means of striving to erase the negative cultivate the positive produce welfare and happiness bring about the state of being best cause the state of being chief Slide 33: generate purpose, strive, initiate strength, endeavor and apply the minds to prevent the arising of the evil and unprofitable states of mind not yet arisen destroy the evil and unprofitable states of mind that have already arisen generate the profitable states of mind not yet arisen maintain the continuance, ordering, betterment, increase, culture and fulfillment of those arisen profitable states of mind Slide 34: Exertion Exercise of great effort for the achievement of Enlightenment Unswerving struggle and endeavor to solve the problem of suffering Putting forth energy Applying and exercising one’s will Application of energy to all fields of one’s activity allowing one’s mental, verbal, and physical activities to promote welfare instead of obstruct or retard it Slide 35: Viriya - Strength and mental resolve <And what is the faculty of strength? Here the noble disciple dwells as one who has produced strength; for the sake of abandoning unskillful dhammas and arousing skilful dhammas; he is firm, of steady valour, unrelinquishing in purpose with regard to skilful dhammas> Slide 36: The man of strength is a vira (hero), “state of a strong man.” One who is stirred endevours properly Rightly instigated strength is the root of all attainments Slide 37: Instructions to exercise energy SN II, 28-9 The dhamma has thus been well expounded by me, elucidated, disclosed, brought to light, stripped of patchwork, it is enough for a clansman who has gone forth out of faith to stir up his energy thus: Willingly let skin, sinews and bones remain and let the flesh and blood dry up in my body, but I will not relax my energy so long as I have not attained what can be attained by manly strength, by manly energy, by manly exertion! Slide 38: Sadly lives the man of sloth, involved in bad, wicked things. He makes loose the great purpose of life. But he of stirred up energy lives happily, aloof from bad, wicked things. He makes perfect the great purpose of life. Slide 39: Not by that which is low, may the highest be won; by that which is highest may the highest be won. Worthy of praise is this holy life. The teacher has come to you face to face. Wherefore stir up energy that you may win what is not won, that you may attain what is not attained, that you may realize what is unrealized. Slide 40: Thus will this our going forth not be barren, but a fruitful and a growing thing. Verily the necessaries that we enjoy: the equipment of robes, alms, lodging and medicine, though they be humble, shall be to of great profit and advantage. Slide 41: Balanced Application of Viriya avoids the two extremes too much exertion (accaraddha-viriya) too little exertion (atilina-viriya) One with too much exertion is compared to a man who takes such a tight grip of a quail that it dies then and there One with too feeble an energy is compared to a man who takes such a loose grip of a quail that it flies up out of his hand Slide 42: Threefold energy for three stages of an action: Commencement – initiating energy (arambha) – joyful (assada) Continuity – passing over energy (nikkama) – difficulties and obstacles (adinava) Conclusion – getting beyond energy (parakkama) – reaching a successful ending (nissarana) Slide 43: Human Actions Present actions are central to present life more than to a life in distant future With every moral action performed, the doer grows Slide 44: The intensity of the act depends on the extent to which it is performed deliberately. Action is really mental; a good action performed purifies the state of mind; a bad action defiles the mind Slide 45: Whatever one does, by it he arises Action is the heritage of the beings. As the man sows, so he reaps. Beings are inheritors of their actions. MN I, 390 Slide 46: Appamàda carefulness, alertness, earnestness, vigilance, diligence, thoughtfulness, watchfulness and zeal in opposition to carelessness, negligence, indolence, and remissness <“If a man discerns his own good, this is enough to call up diligence. If he discerns another’s good, this is enough to call up diligence. If he discerns both his own and another’s good, this is enough to call up diligence.”> Slide 47: The wise man by exertion, diligence, restraint and self-control makes a safer island where floods do not enter. It is by being diligent and meditating that one could obtain great happiness. The one who is diligent and wide awake could easily go leaving behind those who are negligent and sleeping. The Dhammapada Slide 48: Negligence is defilement; defilements arise from negligence. He should overcome lethargy, sloth and torpor. He should not live negligently. A man whose mind is set on quenching should not be arrogant. The wisdom and learning of the man who is hasty and negligent do not increase The Suttanipata Slide 49: Buddhist Positive Thinking and Positive Action Thinking and action are applied together always Right thinking and Right action something to do with Strength, Exertion, Diligence takes into account this life and next life intends Personal and Social enhancement intend Spiritual and Material betterment Slide 50: A verse by Shantideva: Relying upon the boat of a human (body), Free yourself from the great river of pain (cycle of existence); As it is hard to find this boat again, This is not time for sleep, you fool! Thank you! : Thank you! Topic is my current research interest. Your questions, comments & criticisms will help me do my research well? G.A. Somaratne Department of Pali & Buddhist Studies University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka Email: gsomarat@yahoo.com

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