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budd hind rev

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Published on December 13, 2007

Author: Estelle

Source: authorstream.com

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Slide2:  OBJECTIVES Beginning with the life and legend of the Buddha, the chapter includes sections on the teachings of the Buddha and the major forms of Buddhism—Theravada, Mahayana, Vajrayana, Zen, and Pure Land. Concluding sections describe the development of Buddhism in the West, and Buddhist involvement in social issues. After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Buddhism differs from many of the other major religions in its:  Buddhism differs from many of the other major religions in its belief in salvation through one's own efforts. belief in one major deity. belief in life after death. any of these. The Buddha's teachings on the truths of reality and right conduct are called:  The Buddha's teachings on the truths of reality and right conduct are called the dharma. the karma. the Pali Canon. the samsara. The future Buddha was born into a family belonging to the traditional Hindu caste called the:  The future Buddha was born into a family belonging to the traditional Hindu caste called the kshatriyas. Brahmins. vaishyas. shudras. The Buddha developed a systematic approach to bring people to liberation called:  The Buddha developed a systematic approach to bring people to liberation called Dhammapada. Four Noble Truths. the Eightfold Path of Liberation. Three Gems. The ultimate goal in the practice of Buddhism is:  The ultimate goal in the practice of Buddhism is forgiveness of sins. nirvana. becoming one with an ultimate reality or deity. any of these. The Pali Canon, also known as the ___________, includes the rules for sangha members and a record of the Buddha's teaching stories.:  The Pali Canon, also known as the ___________, includes the rules for sangha members and a record of the Buddha's teaching stories. Dhammapada Tipitaka Hinayana Triple Gem All Buddhists "take refuge" in the __________, consisting of the Buddha, the dharma, and the sangha.:  All Buddhists "take refuge" in the __________, consisting of the Buddha, the dharma, and the sangha. Pali Canon Triple Gem Dhammapada Eightfold Noble Path In Theravada Buddhism, mindfulness meditation techniques called ____________ are used as a method for focusing the mind.:  In Theravada Buddhism, mindfulness meditation techniques called ____________ are used as a method for focusing the mind. Yanas Deity Yoga Vipassana Zendo Bodhidharma's form of Buddhism, called Ch'an in China, became known as __________in Japan.:  Bodhidharma's form of Buddhism, called Ch'an in China, became known as __________in Japan. Theravada Pure Land Nichiren Zen In Zen Buddhism, zazen, a term that means ___________, is an important method of experiencing the Buddha-nature.:  In Zen Buddhism, zazen, a term that means ___________, is an important method of experiencing the Buddha-nature. "sitting meditation“ "higher meditation“ "mindful meditation“ "standing meditation" The ultimate purpose of Zen practice is:  The ultimate purpose of Zen practice is salvation. satori or enlightenment. becoming one with god. any of these. In the Pure Land Buddhism belief system, followers do not have to rely on their own efforts for liberation. They call on _____________ who prepares a place of bliss for any who call on his name.:  In the Pure Land Buddhism belief system, followers do not have to rely on their own efforts for liberation. They call on _____________ who prepares a place of bliss for any who call on his name. Dalai Lama Bodhisattva of Superb Action Bodhidharma Amida The thirteenth-century Japanese fisherman's son Nichiren stressed the importance of reforming _____ as well as oneself.:  The thirteenth-century Japanese fisherman's son Nichiren stressed the importance of reforming _____ as well as oneself. the family Society Government any of these. A zendo is a:  A zendo is a Zen meditation practice. Zen meditation hall. Zen follower. collection of Zen writings. This converted Buddhist activist, born an untouchable Hindu, helped return Buddhism to its native India, and as the chief architect of India's democracy, fought to end the oppression of the Hindu caste system.:  This converted Buddhist activist, born an untouchable Hindu, helped return Buddhism to its native India, and as the chief architect of India's democracy, fought to end the oppression of the Hindu caste system. B. R. Ambedkar A. T. Ariyaratne Dalai Lama Mahatma Gandhi Slide19:  Discussion Questions: 1. The Hindu scriptures, the Vedas, were written in :  1. The Hindu scriptures, the Vedas, were written in 2. The Vedas are composed of four parts: the Samhitas, Brahmanas, the _____________, and the Upanishads.:  2. The Vedas are composed of four parts: the Samhitas, Brahmanas, the _____________, and the Upanishads. 3. The Vedas are believed to have come directly from Brahman as heard by _____________, ancient wise men.:  3. The Vedas are believed to have come directly from Brahman as heard by _____________, ancient wise men. 4. A(n) ______ is a monastic retreat community developed around a teacher.:  4. A(n) ______ is a monastic retreat community developed around a teacher. 5. The Upanishads, the last of the Vedas, include teachings on:  5. The Upanishads, the last of the Vedas, include teachings on 6. The members of the Hindu caste system with the highest status were priests or:  6. The members of the Hindu caste system with the highest status were priests or 7. Members of the lowest caste group once called "untouchables" were renamed "harijans" by Mahatma Gandhi. "Harijans" means :  7. Members of the lowest caste group once called "untouchables" were renamed "harijans" by Mahatma Gandhi. "Harijans" means 8. ____________ is a poetic narrative epic depicting the struggle of Rama. :  8. ____________ is a poetic narrative epic depicting the struggle of Rama. 9. Krishna's teachings to Arjuna as recorded in the Bhagavad-Gita include lessons on:  9. Krishna's teachings to Arjuna as recorded in the Bhagavad-Gita include lessons on 10. A Hindu male's life time is traditionally divided into four stages--student, householder, semi-retired person, and a:  10. A Hindu male's life time is traditionally divided into four stages--student, householder, semi-retired person, and a 11. Within the Hindu religion there has developed a variety of paths to achieve liberation from suffering known as yoga. The four main yogic paths are jnana, karma, bhakti, and __________ , the path most familiar to Westerners.:  11. Within the Hindu religion there has developed a variety of paths to achieve liberation from suffering known as yoga. The four main yogic paths are jnana, karma, bhakti, and __________ , the path most familiar to Westerners. 12. The ultimate goal of yogic meditation is __________, a state of union with the Absolute.:  12. The ultimate goal of yogic meditation is __________, a state of union with the Absolute. 13. This yogic path emphasizes rational thought as the path to liberation.:  13. This yogic path emphasizes rational thought as the path to liberation. 14. This yogic path emphasizes helping others as the path to liberation.:  14. This yogic path emphasizes helping others as the path to liberation. 15. Most Hindus worship one of these three deities.:  15. Most Hindus worship one of these three deities. 16. The worship of the feminine form of the divine has been present in India since ancient times. This divinity has been associated closely with nature including the _________ River, which is considered especially sacred to Hindus.:  16. The worship of the feminine form of the divine has been present in India since ancient times. This divinity has been associated closely with nature including the _________ River, which is considered especially sacred to Hindus. 17. A major difference in the two major philosophical systems of Hinduism (Samkhya & Advaita Vedanta) is their understanding of reality. While Advaita Vedanta is monistic, holding that there is one reality, the Samkhya philosophy confirms that there are really _________ realities.:  17. A major difference in the two major philosophical systems of Hinduism (Samkhya & Advaita Vedanta) is their understanding of reality. While Advaita Vedanta is monistic, holding that there is one reality, the Samkhya philosophy confirms that there are really _________ realities. Slide37:  MATCHING QUESTIONS (SOME TERMS TO KNOW) Slide39:  SOME QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

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