BRT-Rapid Bus Impacts On Transit Corridor Businesses, RogerBazeley

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Information about BRT-Rapid Bus Impacts On Transit Corridor Businesses, RogerBazeley
Business & Mgmt

Published on December 2, 2008

Author: Roger_Bazeley

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Abstract
The assessment of BRT/Rapid Bus service and infrastructure improvements’ impact upon corridor businesses has been inadequate. Many public workshops and community outreach efforts fall short of gaining a balanced perspective of analyzing the positive or negative impact of implemented BRT/Rapid Bus improvements upon transit corridor businesses, their customers, working employees or ultimately the corridor businesses’ sales and vitality. This research study compares by survey, interviews, and the photo design audits of four different levels of BRT/Rapid Bus and basic bus systems’ service and infrastructure improvements along four metropolitan transit corridor business communities with similar and diverse land-use characteristics, business types, and social-economic characteristics.

The selected BRT/Rapid Bus corridor segments have implemented different types and levels of bus transit improvement “system packages” with different service and infrastructure attributes including Rapid Bus with Signal Priority Technologies (Smart Corridors), and proposed advanced BRT with exclusive bus lanes, while trying to balance transit corridor business and community multi-modal transportation needs with BRT/Rapid Bus improvements. To successfully meet the transportation needs and travel demand of all local community transportation improvement stakeholders, there is a need to analyze and measure BRT/Rapid Bus impacts prior to and after BRT/Rapid Bus corridor improvements have been implemented. The research results and conclusions reached can also aid transportation planners and managers in accessing the need for service and infrastructure changes in the existing studied transit corridors and future BRT/Rapid Bus system installations

BRT/Rapid Bus Impacts on Transit Corridor Businesses A Business Impact Survey & Comparison of Bus Transit Improvement Impacts on: AC Transit's Alameda Route 61 Corridor (Webster Street) AC Transit’s San Pablo Rapid Bus R72, Route 123 Corridor LA Metro’s Wilshire Metro Rapid 720 Corridor SF MUNI/MTA Geary BRT Corridor (Pre-BRT Impact Study) Roger McKean Bazeley – Mineta Transportation Institute – Capstone

A Business Impact Survey & Comparison of Bus Transit Improvement Impacts on:

AC Transit's Alameda Route 61 Corridor (Webster Street)

AC Transit’s San Pablo Rapid Bus R72, Route 123 Corridor

LA Metro’s Wilshire Metro Rapid 720 Corridor

SF MUNI/MTA Geary BRT Corridor (Pre-BRT Impact Study)

Project Scope: Study will compare three different levels of BRT/Rapid Bus infrastructure and service improvements with the Geary Corridor as a PRE-BRT impact baseline Analyze the comparative Impact of BRT Improvements Survey BRT/Rapid Bus corridor business owners, managers, and employees about BRT/Rapid Bus impacts Determine the positive, neutral, and negative impacts on different types of transit corridor businesses Report the BRT improvements effective in implementing successful business and community multi-modal BRT/Rapid Bus Examine the outcome of Response Data for determining impact types, level, and trends

Study will compare three different levels of BRT/Rapid Bus infrastructure and service improvements with the Geary Corridor as a PRE-BRT impact baseline

Analyze the comparative Impact of BRT Improvements

Survey BRT/Rapid Bus corridor business owners, managers, and employees about BRT/Rapid Bus impacts

Determine the positive, neutral, and negative impacts on different types of transit corridor businesses

Report the BRT improvements effective in implementing successful business and community multi-modal BRT/Rapid Bus

Examine the outcome of Response Data for determining impact types, level, and trends

Management Need for Study Interest in implementing BRT/Rapid Bus Transit Corridor Improvements Cost of laborious study, design, and ERI approval stages BRT/Rapid Bus improvement expectations of the public Workshops and community out reach efforts fall short of gaining a balanced perspective of analyzing the impact and benefits upon future affected corridor businesses, their customers and working employees, and ultimately the sales and overall corridor business vitality for generating revenue growth.

Interest in implementing BRT/Rapid Bus Transit Corridor Improvements

Cost of laborious study, design, and ERI approval stages

BRT/Rapid Bus improvement expectations of the public

Workshops and community out reach efforts fall short of gaining a balanced perspective of analyzing the impact and benefits upon future affected corridor businesses, their customers and working employees, and ultimately the sales and overall corridor business vitality for generating revenue growth.

Management Need for Study The lack of business economic survey, study, and research funding to measure business expectations, cost and benefit impacts The lack of case studies and methodology as a part of the process for developing the best balance of BRT implemented service and infrastructure improvements for increasing positive economic benefit and impact to transit corridor business customers, employees, and the community The need for developing a transportation management survey/tool and process for incorporating these vital business needs and expectations into the planning, design, decision making, and final implementation process. Literature Research

The lack of business economic survey, study, and research funding to measure business expectations, cost and benefit impacts

The lack of case studies and methodology as a part of the process for developing the best balance of BRT implemented service and infrastructure improvements for increasing positive economic benefit and impact to transit corridor business customers, employees, and the community

The need for developing a transportation management survey/tool and process for incorporating these vital business needs and expectations into the planning, design, decision making, and final implementation process.

Management Need for Study C ommunicating to all community stakeholders that initial BRT/Rapid Bus project research and planning efforts addresses their needs with a process that seriously measures transit corridor business community’s pre-expectations and post BRT/Rapid Bus implementation impacts, is imperative !

C ommunicating to all community stakeholders that initial BRT/Rapid Bus project research and planning efforts addresses their needs with a process that seriously measures transit corridor business community’s pre-expectations and post BRT/Rapid Bus implementation impacts, is imperative !

Management Need for Study M easuring the resulting impacts of implemented improvements will help transit management and planners through transit policy, planning and design minimize potential negative impacts that could reduce the economic viability of BRT corridor businesses, corridor access and walkablity for customers and employees , and community support for the development of multi-use/ and TOD housing along these corridors

M easuring the resulting impacts of implemented improvements will help transit management and planners through transit policy, planning and design minimize potential negative impacts that could reduce the economic viability of BRT corridor businesses, corridor access and walkablity for customers and employees , and community support for the development of multi-use/ and TOD housing along these corridors

Ultimate Need for Study It may very well be the particular combination of land-used characteristics and TOD/Housing when aligned with different levels of BRT/Rapid Bus improvements will bolster long-term sustainable economic impact and viability along improved BRT/Rapid Bus corridors.

It may very well be the particular combination of land-used characteristics and TOD/Housing when aligned with different levels of BRT/Rapid Bus improvements will bolster long-term sustainable economic impact and viability along improved BRT/Rapid Bus corridors.

RESEARCH STUDY BENEFIT AND GOALS: Develop a Case Study and methodology for measuring the impact of BRT improvements upon the business community stakeholders including its customers, employees, and residents Strengthen transit planning focus on significant business community expectations and needs that impact their business vitality when implementing BRT/Rapid Bus corridor improvements Create Transit management awareness of the critical long-term aspects and impacts upon business which can ultimately affect the levels of capturing new riders from these corridors

Develop a Case Study and methodology for measuring the impact of BRT improvements upon the business community stakeholders including its customers, employees, and residents

Strengthen transit planning focus on significant business community expectations and needs that impact their business vitality when implementing BRT/Rapid Bus corridor improvements

Create Transit management awareness of the critical long-term aspects and impacts upon business which can ultimately affect the levels of capturing new riders from these corridors

RESEARCH STUDY BENEFIT AND GOALS: Create an assessment methodology for addressing transit management and business community stakeholder pre-cost benefit assessment in establishing BRT/Rapid Bus corridor transit performance goals , including service and infrastructure improvements related to type and levels of investment needed to deliver the best “impact benefit package for the dollars spent” Determine BRT improvement needed for implementing successful business and community multi-modal/BRT To find-out what was the perceived impact to various business types including retail and offices, employees, and their customers

Create an assessment methodology for addressing transit management and business community stakeholder pre-cost benefit assessment in establishing BRT/Rapid Bus corridor transit performance goals , including service and infrastructure improvements related to type and levels of investment needed to deliver the best “impact benefit package for the dollars spent”

Determine BRT improvement needed for implementing successful business and community multi-modal/BRT

To find-out what was the perceived impact to various business types including retail and offices, employees, and their customers

Methodology: Survey Businesses Developed a one page questionnaire/survey composed of 10-15 key questions with a couple of specific critical data sub-sections to collect % of customer and employee mode of travel to business location. These surveys will be administered in person to individual business owners at their place of business located on the selected BRT corridors, with an equal collection of data from both sides or directions of BRT transit travel. The sampling of targeted corridor businesses including retail and commercial/professional offices to result in 100-140 completed surveys per BRT corridor. * Survey question categories: 50% Business Economic, 20% Customer/Community, 20% Corridor Business Accessibility/Travel Mode Choice, Vitality, Parking impact, 10% Open ended Questions-Responder Opinion

Developed a one page questionnaire/survey composed of 10-15 key questions with a couple of specific critical data sub-sections to collect % of customer and employee mode of travel to business location.

These surveys will be administered in person to individual business owners at their place of business located on the selected BRT corridors, with an equal collection of data from both sides or directions of BRT transit travel.

The sampling of targeted corridor businesses including retail and commercial/professional offices to result in 100-140 completed surveys per BRT corridor. *

Survey question categories: 50% Business Economic, 20% Customer/Community, 20% Corridor Business Accessibility/Travel Mode Choice, Vitality, Parking impact, 10% Open ended Questions-Responder Opinion

Methodology: Survey Questionnaire The question form and response selection for data comparison and scoring will be based on each question asking the responder to answer as to the subject of BRT/Rapid Bus improvement impacts (1-3) rating scale: (3) Positive Impact/Increase. (2) Neutral Impact/No-Change, (1) Negative Impact/Decrease The responses will be indexed and charted per business name, type, location and presented in excel and graphic charts.

The question form and response selection for data comparison and scoring will be based on each question asking the responder to answer as to the subject of BRT/Rapid Bus improvement impacts

(1-3) rating scale: (3) Positive Impact/Increase. (2) Neutral Impact/No-Change, (1) Negative Impact/Decrease

The responses will be indexed and charted per business name, type, location and presented in excel and graphic charts.

Methodology: Survey Questionnaire

Methodology: The Report The report: will utilize the research to analyze and compare the different impacts of four different levels of BRT/Bus corridor improvements correlated to business impact and benefit. These will be included in a case study method of presentation with an executive summary, 4 individual BRT/Rapid Bus corridor system descriptions of the goals and bus service and infrastructure before and after the BRT/Rapid Bus implementation.

The report: will utilize the research to analyze and compare the different impacts of four different levels of BRT/Bus corridor improvements correlated to business impact and benefit.

These will be included in a case study method of presentation with an executive summary, 4 individual BRT/Rapid Bus corridor system descriptions of the goals and bus service and infrastructure before and after the BRT/Rapid Bus implementation.

Methodology: The Analysis The Analysis: There will be an assessment of the BRT/Rapid Bus impacts to corridor businesses, lessons learned with recommendations on how to improve the effectiveness of planning and implementing future BRT/Rapid Bus improvements along business and multi-use corridors. The conclusion will sum-up the project, its areas of success and usefulness along with its limitations for being integrated into the management and planning of future BRT/Rapid Bus projects.

The Analysis: There will be an assessment of the BRT/Rapid Bus impacts to corridor businesses, lessons learned with recommendations on how to improve the effectiveness of planning and implementing future BRT/Rapid Bus improvements along business and multi-use corridors.

The conclusion will sum-up the project, its areas of success and usefulness along with its limitations for being integrated into the management and planning of future BRT/Rapid Bus projects.

Methodology: Project Format & Content PROJECT FORMAT CONTENT: Interview each BRT corridors’ BRT Project Manager with a set of questions related to the original goals of their BRT projects located along the corridor segments surveys. The questionnaire for the business community has 3 open-ended questions to allow for individual responses, which will be factored into the paper’s data base and conclusion. The appendix will have a collection of specific BRT corridor segment maps of the areas studied, basic land use and location of the businesses interviewed, and a picture of selected business owners/respondents. Include extensive photo audits of each corridor and the specific BRT/Rapid Bus improvements implemented, and associated data sheet of possible major items and basic infrastructure costs related to the improved segments.

PROJECT FORMAT CONTENT: Interview each BRT corridors’ BRT Project Manager with a set of questions related to the original goals of their BRT projects located along the corridor segments surveys.

The questionnaire for the business community has 3 open-ended questions to allow for individual responses, which will be factored into the paper’s data base and conclusion.

The appendix will have a collection of specific BRT corridor segment maps of the areas studied, basic land use and location of the businesses interviewed, and a picture of selected business owners/respondents.

Include extensive photo audits of each corridor and the specific BRT/Rapid Bus improvements implemented, and associated data sheet of possible major items and basic infrastructure costs related to the improved segments.

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: Alameda AC Transit’s Alameda City , Route 61 Corridor 2 Miles, Stops .25 Mile (Local OP) BASIC IMPROVEMENT Plus: MAJOR STREETSCAPE and BUS STOP INFRASTRUCTURE IMPROVEMENTS, TOD/Renewal _Selected Priority, Bus Stop Relocation, ADA loading Ramps, New Shelters, Trees, Sidewalks, Benches, Pedestrian and Bike facilities, Bus Loading Bulbs, Store Front Parking reductions, Urban Renewal by State Route 61 Relinquishment. _Bus Equipment Improved, using existing buses, Non-exclusive Bus Lanes, Onboard Bus Stop Information Display, Limited Intersection pre-emption (Local/Limited/Express)

AC Transit’s Alameda City , Route 61 Corridor

2 Miles, Stops .25 Mile (Local OP)

BASIC IMPROVEMENT Plus: MAJOR STREETSCAPE and BUS STOP INFRASTRUCTURE IMPROVEMENTS, TOD/Renewal

_Selected Priority, Bus Stop Relocation, ADA loading Ramps, New Shelters, Trees, Sidewalks, Benches, Pedestrian and Bike facilities, Bus Loading Bulbs, Store Front Parking reductions, Urban Renewal by State Route 61 Relinquishment.

_Bus Equipment Improved, using existing buses, Non-exclusive Bus Lanes, Onboard Bus Stop Information Display, Limited Intersection pre-emption (Local/Limited/Express)

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: San Pablo AC Transit’s San Pablo Rapid Bus R72, Route 123 Corridor 14 Miles, Stops .5 Mile MODERATE to MAJOR BRT TECHNOLOGY, TRANSIT EQUIPMENT, BUSES, SHELTERS, STREETSCAPE INVESTMENTS, SMART CORRIDOR -Signal Priority, Shared/Alternative Peak Hours use of Parking Lane for Bus Travel -New Bus Shelters with Next Bus Technology, Transit Branding and Design Identity, on Equipment and Infrastructure Elements -New Low Floor Buses, Seating Configurations and Interiors Issues: The use or non use of Exclusive Rapid Bus Right-away, parking reductions depending upon curbside or Center Alignment BRT configurations, Service Hours PM

AC Transit’s San Pablo Rapid Bus R72, Route 123 Corridor

14 Miles, Stops .5 Mile

MODERATE to MAJOR BRT TECHNOLOGY, TRANSIT EQUIPMENT, BUSES, SHELTERS, STREETSCAPE INVESTMENTS, SMART CORRIDOR

-Signal Priority, Shared/Alternative Peak Hours use of Parking Lane for Bus Travel

-New Bus Shelters with Next Bus Technology, Transit Branding and Design Identity, on Equipment and Infrastructure Elements

-New Low Floor Buses, Seating Configurations and Interiors

Issues: The use or non use of Exclusive Rapid Bus Right-away, parking reductions depending upon curbside or Center Alignment BRT configurations, Service Hours PM

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: Wilshire LA Metro’s Wilshire/Whittier Metro Rapid 720 Corridor 45 Miles, Stops .75-1 Mile MAJOR BRT TECHNOLOGY, TRANSIT EQUIPMENT, BUSES, SHELTERS, STREETSCAPE INVESTMENTS, SMART CORRIDOR -Signal Priority, Shared/Alternative Peak Hours use of Parking Lane for Bus Travel vs. Exclusive/Bus Lanes, Bus Stop Relocation -New Bus Shelters with Next Bus Technology, and Pre-pay kiosks, -Transit Branding and Design Identity, on Equipment and Infrastructure Elements New Low Floor Buses, Seating Configurations and Interiors Issues : Peak hour parking restrictions/elimination/reductions

LA Metro’s Wilshire/Whittier Metro Rapid 720 Corridor

45 Miles, Stops .75-1 Mile

MAJOR BRT TECHNOLOGY, TRANSIT EQUIPMENT, BUSES, SHELTERS, STREETSCAPE INVESTMENTS, SMART CORRIDOR

-Signal Priority, Shared/Alternative Peak Hours use of Parking Lane for Bus Travel vs. Exclusive/Bus Lanes, Bus Stop Relocation

-New Bus Shelters with Next Bus Technology, and Pre-pay kiosks,

-Transit Branding and Design Identity, on Equipment and Infrastructure Elements

New Low Floor Buses, Seating Configurations and Interiors

Issues : Peak hour parking restrictions/elimination/reductions

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: GEARY Geary Corridor Pre-BRT Impact Survey – San Francisco’s proposed Geary MUNI BRT-Center Alignment/Exclusive Lanes 7.5 Miles, Stops .4-.50 Mile MAJOR BRT TECHNOLOGY, TRANSIT EQUIPMENT, BUSES, SHELTERS, STREETSCAPE INVESTMENTS, SMART CORRIDOR - Signal Priority , Major Infrastructure emulating Light Rail characteristics for Exclusive/Bus Lanes with center alignment, Bus Stop Relocation -New Bus Shelters with Next Bus Technology, and Pre-pay kiosks, - Transit Branding and Design Identity, on Equipment and Infrastructure -New Low Floor Buses, Seating Configurations and Interiors Issues : Peak hour parking restrictions/elimination/reductions

Geary Corridor Pre-BRT Impact Survey – San Francisco’s proposed Geary MUNI BRT-Center Alignment/Exclusive Lanes

7.5 Miles, Stops .4-.50 Mile

MAJOR BRT TECHNOLOGY, TRANSIT EQUIPMENT, BUSES, SHELTERS, STREETSCAPE INVESTMENTS, SMART CORRIDOR

- Signal Priority , Major Infrastructure emulating Light Rail characteristics for Exclusive/Bus Lanes with center alignment, Bus Stop Relocation

-New Bus Shelters with Next Bus Technology, and Pre-pay kiosks,

- Transit Branding and Design Identity, on Equipment and Infrastructure

-New Low Floor Buses, Seating Configurations and Interiors

Issues : Peak hour parking restrictions/elimination/reductions

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: Alameda Webster Street, Major Infrastructure, Streetscape, TOD Improvements

Webster Street, Major Infrastructure, Streetscape, TOD Improvements

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: San Pablo San Pablo Corridor, Smart Corridor Technology, Shelter, Branding

San Pablo Corridor, Smart Corridor Technology, Shelter, Branding

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: Wilshire Wilshire Corridor, Smart Corridor Technology, Shelter, Branding

Wilshire Corridor, Smart Corridor Technology, Shelter, Branding

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: Geary Geary Corridor, PRE-BRT Impact-Express/Limited Stop, Local

Geary Corridor, PRE-BRT Impact-Express/Limited Stop, Local

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: DATA

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: DATA

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: DATA

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: DATA

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: DATA

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: DATA

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: DATA

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: DATA

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: DATA

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: DATA

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: DATA

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: DATA

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: Ideas

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: People

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: Results Wilshire La Metro Rapid 720 Corridor 81.8% - 1 st Place Alameda – Webster/Route 61 Corridor 79.4% - 2 nd Place San Pablo Corridor AC R72 Rapid Bus 76.3% - 3 rd Place SF Geary Blvd. – Pre-BRT Improvement 70.6% - 4 th Place

Wilshire La Metro Rapid 720 Corridor 81.8% - 1 st Place

Alameda – Webster/Route 61 Corridor 79.4% - 2 nd Place

San Pablo Corridor AC R72 Rapid Bus 76.3% - 3 rd Place

SF Geary Blvd. – Pre-BRT Improvement 70.6% - 4 th Place

BRT STUDY CORRIDORS: TOD LA Wilshire TOD Alameda Com/DEV San Pablo TOD SP R72 Shelter LA METRO –R720 FUTURE Trend for Business

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